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South Africa’s Watershed Elections: Awry, the Beloved Country?

In post apartheid South Africa, municipal elections have had a brief and unremarkable history. However, it is expected that the polls on 3 August are to be the most fiercely contested of any to date. South Africa’s demography is changing rapidly ...

l’Émission de l’Obligation Municipale à Dakar : Le Conte de Deux Cités / Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Municipal and central governments are being overwhelmed by the rapid growth of Africa’s cities. The provision of basic services to residents is worsening and strategic planning has been insufficient. Since the 1990s, widespread devolution has subs...

Land, Law and Traditional Leadership in South Africa

With over two decades after the end of apartheid, land remains an emotive fault line in South Africa. In rural communities, many have lost patience with the paternalistic approach of traditional leaders, commercial farmers and mining corporations....

L’Emission de l’Obligation Municipale à Dakar : Le Conte de Deux Cités / Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

This document discusses the rapid growth of African Cities and focus on the dilemma that central and municipal governments in Dakar are currently facing. It seems that strategic planning is insufficient, as well as deterioration in the provision o...

Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Currently the rapid growth of Africa's cities overwhelms their central and municipal governments. Strategic planning has been insufficient and the provision of basic services to residents is worsening. Widespread devolution, since the 1990's has...

Steady Progress? 30 Years of Museveni and the NRM in Uganda

Yoweri Kaguta Museveni addressed Ugandans for the first time on 29 January 1986 as national leader: “No one should think that what is happening today is a mere change of guard; it is a fundamental change in the politics of our country”. Since Ug...

Mozambique’s Debt Crisis: Trawling for Answers

Debt relief was granted to the government of Mozambique, less than two decades ago, and again this government finds itself unable to honour obligations to international creditors. Pending the publication of an audit of US$2 billion of borrowing by...

IPTL, Richmond and “Escrow”: The Price of Private Power Procurement in Tanzania

Framed as an “emergency” supplier to address an energy crisis in 1994-95, Independent Power Tanzania Ltd (IPTL) did not serve the national grid until 2002. It then became a permanent feature of the energy sector for the next 15 years. In the proc...

Party Rules: Consolidating Power through Constitutional Reform in Tanzania

Since the creation of the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964, the basic law – katiba in Swahili – has been the subject of persistent controversy and contestation. Despite being presented at the outset with a seemingly unsustainable constitutiona...

Bank to the Future : New Era at the AfDB

The African Development Bank (AfDB), founded in 1964, has as its main purpose to provide capital to alleviate poverty, improve living conditions and spur economic and social development. It is the largest external funder of infrastructure in sub-S...

Who Really Governs Urban Ghana ?

"Ghana is one of Africa’s most urbanised – and rapidly urbanising – countries. In the past three decades, the number of city dwellers has risen from four to 14 million; more than 5.5 million live in slums. Urban growth exerts intense pressure on ...

What’s in it for me? Personalities, Enticements and Party Loyalties in Tanzania’s 2015 Elections

The fifth multi-party elections in Tanzania on 25 October 2015 could mark a watershed in national politics. Edward Lowassa, the former prime minister is the flagbearer for Ukawa, an opposition alliance forged during a heated contest over constit...

How Intellectuals Made History in Zimbabwe

"The history of Zimbabwe has been revised in the service of the governing ZANU-PF party. A ‘patriotic’ version of history, disseminated by public intellectuals and state media, has distorted legitimate grievances. Critics of patriotic history, in...

Kenya's Flying Vegetables: Small Farmers and the 'Food Miles' Debate

"In this highly personal and keenly argued commentary, James Gikunju Muuru makes the first detailed response by an African smallholder to the controversy over ‘food miles’. His account describes the serial feats of coordination, discipline, produc...

Why Africa Can Make it Big in Agriculture

"Self-sufficiency in food production is the new mantra of donors and policymakers in Africa. But farmers, large and small, can be much more ambitious. Agriculture is the continent’s most neglected – and important – potential competitive advantage....

Planting Ideas: How Agricultural Subsidies are Working in Malawi

"Malawi is the most densely populated country in southern Africa. Without affordable fertiliser and other inputs, small farmers have struggled to grow enough food from over-cultivated soils. But after successive food crises, the government of Mala...

Feeding Five Thousand: The Case for Indigenous Crops, in Zimbabwe

"About two thirds of Africa’s population depend for their livelihood on primary crops. Agriculture is the continent’s largest economic sector, far bigger than banking, brewing, mining or telecoms – all industries propelled by innovation and inves...

Diehards and Democracy Elites, Inequality and Institutions in African Elections

"Multi-party elections are a salient feature of Africa’s rapidly evolving political landscape. International support for elections is prioritised above all other strategies for consolidating democracy. The legacies of political reform are diverse,...

How Rwanda Judged it's Genocide

"Since 2001, the gacaca community courts have been the centrepiece of Rwanda’s justice and reconciliation process. Nearly every adult Rwandan has participated in the trials, but lawyers are banned from any official involvement. Human rights organi...

After the Promises: Re-thinking UK Policy in Africa

"Coalition government in the UK is an opportunity to revise policy on Africa. More aid is touted as proof of politicians’ compassion and conscience. But an emerging cross-party consensus has ignored significant policy failures. Democracy, trade, t...

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