“20th Anniversary of the Barcelona Declaration Challenges to Opportunities: a Common Development Agenda for the Mediterranean”

The geopolitical situation that prevails in the Mediterranean region is difficult and complex, notably to the emergence of a new strategic equation which raises fears about a new outbreak of violence. In this troubled context Morocco, under the leadership of HM King Mohammed I has been engaged in a democratic process, based on an inclusive approach that he leads with faith and determination. The Mediterranean indeed retains a triple vocation of being an intercultural reference, an area for exchange, and a communication channel. However, if 20 years after the Barcelona Declaration, the principles of the Euro Mediterranean Partnership are still justifiable and relevant, despite some progress made by the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) and the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), a stable and prosperous area has yet to be achieved due to the unsuitability of certain instruments and profound political changes in the Mediterranean region. Given this situation, the establishment of a genuine European Neighborhood Policy with a clearly articulated contractual political and economic framework, along with resources to match the legitimate expectations and priorities of the European Neighborhood partners, are now more necessary than ever.