Despite the fact that climate change and poverty are increasingly recognized as interlinked global problems, responses from governments and development agencies often focus on their scientific and economic dimensions only. This guide focuses on the advantages and challenges of pursuing climate compatible development from a gender perspective. International frameworks are gradually reflecting gender issues better, but all too often wording about gender is simply added to existing policies, while women’s views, needs and participation are – in reality – excluded from climate change responses and development initiatives. Moreover, women are frequently perceived as victims, with little consideration for the contribution and leadership they could provide in mitigating and adapting to climate change. This guide summarizes the findings and recommendations of a study on the benefits and challenges of pursuing climate compatible development from a gender perspective.