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Revisiting the Trajectory of Regime Change in Africa - The Case of Mali

This policy brief argues that West Africa is not out of the woods with regards to unconstitutional changes in government as the region is increasingly witnessing crises of governance and democratic reversals. Regional and international actors need …

Education Sector Development in Kenya

Provision of quality and high-level education to citizens is one of the core mandates of any government around the world. In Kenya, this mandate is split between national and county governments. According to the Constitution of Kenya, 2010, the nati…

In Malawi, Perceptions of China's Influence, Though Positive, are on the Decline

China’s relationship with Africa, formalized in the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), has received considerable attention and debate. Critics consider it lopsided and exploitative, giving China access to natural resources, jobs for its labo…

All in this Together? Social Tensions in the Post-Jammeh Gambia

The Gambia does not have a history of ethnic and religious tensions. But starting under former President Yahya Jammeh and continuing since the change of government in 2017, political rivalries are increasingly taking an ethnic form. The government’…

Citizens' Negative Perceptions of Police extend well beyond Nigeria's #EndSARS

With echoes of the Black Lives Matter movement in the United States, massive demonstrations against police brutality have recently rocked Nigeria. Protests that initially focused on the notorious Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) have broadened to d…

Africans Increasingly Dissatisfied with Government Efforts on their Top Priority: Jobs

Even in the best of times, unemployment is a major challenge for most African countries. The continent’s relatively robust economic growth over the past two decades has failed to translate into sustained employment gains and poverty reduction. Addin…

Most Ghanaians support Gender Fairness in Political Leadership, but Women Trail Men in Participation, Digital Access, Asset Ownership

Over the past three decades, Ghana has taken a variety of steps to promote gender equity. Its 1992 Constitution guarantees equality and freedom from discrimination. In 1998, Ghana began working on – but has still not passed – an Affirmative Action B…

In Angola's COVID 19 Fight, Trusted Religious and Traditional Leaders, Military can be Allies

As Angola continues under a “situation of public calamity” to limit the spread of the coronavirus, reliable information remains an essential tool in the fight to protect the country. Despite early lockdowns, the number of confirmed infections in the…

The Impact of COVID-19 on Small-scale Farming, Food Security and Sovereignty in Africa: A Summary of Discussions among Key Stakeholders in Three Regional Economic Communities

COVID-19 has triggered the second biggest crisis in a decade, and possibly the worst recession ever, whilst many countries have not yet recovered from the 2008 financial crisis. These are unprecedented times that will dramatically increase inequalit…

The National Dialogue Final Resolutions: What the Presidency should Do

In December 2020, the South Sudan National Dialogue Steering Committee (NDSC) published its concluding report regarding the National Dialogue (ND) process. Drawing from its consultations, conferences, and outputs produced since the process kicked of…

Staving off Violence around Somalia's Elections

Somalia is organising presidential and parliamentary elections after a mid-September agreement between the federal government and regional states unblocked an impasse that threatened to delay the contests past the current government’s constitutional…

SADC e-Mobility Outlook: Accelerating the Battery Manufacturing Value Chain

The predicted uptake of electric vehicles (EVs) around the world will continue to increase the demand for lithium-ion batteries. At the same time, the electrification of transport is estimated to create 10 million jobs worldwide. The SADC region is …

Determinants of Capital Structure Choice by Listed Firms in Zimbabwe under Hyperinflation and Dollarization

The paper uses panel data, from 2000 to 2013, to examine the key determinants of capital structure choices for Zimbabwe listed firms under hyperinflation and dollarization by: providing a reduced form model which isolates the key factors consistent…

La COVID-19 en Afrique: Bilan D’etape et Perspectives / COVID-19 in Africa: Progress Report and Prospects

This paper provides an assessment report and outlook for Covid-19 in Africa, based on statistics published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and by the African Union (AU) Center for the Prevention and Control of Diseases The analysis of globa…

La Mesure des Vulnérabilités Sociales: L’éclairage de la COVID-19 / Measuring Social Vulnerabilities: Insights from COVID-19

The Covid-19 pandemic has shed light on our knowledge of the limits of certain concepts for understanding social vulnerabilities. It invites researchers and decision-makers to distance themselves from conventional categories, and to engage in a deba…

Nexus Between Food Security and Trade in the Run-up to the World Food Systems Summit

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the trade war between China and the US, competing paradigms on the relationship between food trade and security have become more complex than ever ahead of the UN World Food Systems Summit in 2021. The opp…

Africa's Trade in Services and the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement

In recent years there has been growing interest in the role and position of the services sector and services trade in structural transformation and development. This is associated with the services sector’s significant share in domestic and global v…

How to Best Nudge Taxpayers? The Impact of a Tailored Letter Experiment in Eswatini

Very little is known about why taxpayers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remit their taxes. In collaboration with the Eswatini Revenue Authority (SRA), this study implements a nationwide randomised controlled trial nudging more than 20,000 income tax pa…

What is Wrong with African Tax Administration?

National tax administrations in sub-Saharan Africa have undergone considerable reform in recent decades. In a number of respects, they are, on average, more reformed and more efficient than tax administrations in other low income regions of the worl…

Fostering a Pragmatic Foreign Service in a VUCA World

The party–state dynamic is a lasting feature in the South African foreign policy decision-making structure, thus influencing the way pragmatic engagements are pursued in relation to ideology. It is important to navigate this environment effectively.…

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