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Somalia-Somaliland: The Perils of Delaying New Talks

This report looks at how and why the dispute between Somalia and Somaliland heated up – and then cooled down – over the last two years. It then makes the case for renewed talks between the parties, suggesting ways of making those discussions as pr...

Women and Al-Shabaab’s Insurgency

For women, supporters or civilians alike, life under Al-Shabaab rule offers a degree of predictability and opportunities for justice that are often absent in areas administered by the federal government. While the insurgents coerce and exploit wom...

Security Concerns Decrease, but most Tunisians would Trade some Freedoms for Greater Security

Since its democratic revolution in 2010/2011, a number of violent attacks have disrupted Tunisia’s traditional tranquillity. Two political assassinations in 2013 were followed in 2015 by Islamic State (ISIL) attacks at the Bardo Museum, a Sousse ...

Biafra at 50

Chapter one : What nation for which literature? [page 5] was written by Nikolai Jeffs. The novel of the Nigerian-Biafran war records, is also engaged in conflict. The broadest ambitions of the novel of the Nigerian-Biafran war can be said to supp...

Au Sénégal, les ressources souterraines suscitent de l’espoir et des inquiétudes / Natural Resources Create Hope and Raise Concern in Senegal

Senegal has recorded a series of oil and gas discoveries between 2014 and 2016. This news has led to excitement on the side of politicians but also from the population. It is however, particularly important to know what the opinion of the populati...

How Free is too Free? Across Africa, Media Freedom is on the Defensive

In Africa, as elsewhere, mass media face increasing opportunities and threats. New technologies have made it easier for producers to share content widely and cheaply, resulting in a proliferation and diversification of information sources. And bro...

Time for Ethiopia to Bargain with Sidama over Statehood

Leaders of the Sidama people in southern Ethiopia have threatened to unilaterally declare their own regional state within Ethiopia’s federation on 18 July 2019. Each of the country’s ethnic groups is constitutionally entitled to a vote on formin...

Mediating in a Complex World

This paper addresses the practice of mediation today from the perspective of the complexity of that world, and the challenge presented to mediators to respond to this complexity in kind. As the UN’s ascendancy over the peacemaking field in the im...

Monitoring Ceasefires is getting Harder: Greater Innovation is Required

This essay proposes three practical possibilities, relevant to consider at both design and negotiation phases of a peace process, and during its implementation, to reshape, complement and strengthen, existing practice. These are: • to apply less...

Tana Papers 2019: Political Dynamics in the Horn of Africa: Nurturing the Emerging Peace Trends

The Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) of Addis Ababa University (AAU), which serves as the Secretariat of Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, is pleased to present a collection of policy briefs to inform discussions at the 8...

Shaping the Global Agenda to Maximize City Leadership on the SDGs: The Experiences of Vanguard Cities

During a three-day gathering from April 3-6, 2019 at the Bellagio Rockefeller Center, senior government officials from 14 cities worldwide that are in the vanguard of localizing the SDGs, provided their perspectives in sharing a city-specific age...

State of Peace and Security in Africa 2019

There is a sense of déjà vu that 2019 may replay several of the key trends that were predominant in 2018, as subsequent chapters in this Report indicate. For instance, three out of four African citizens now live in countries where governance has i...

Guinea Bissau Conflict Insight

Guinea Bissau is a country located on the coast of West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of a mainland on the continent - where the majority of the population lives - and close to 80 archipelagos on the ocean, of which only 20 are habi...

Sierra Leone Conflict Insight

In March 2018, Sierra Leone held a general election to elect a new president, members of parliament, and local councils. It was the fourth cycle of elections since the end of the decade-long civil war (1992-2002) when 70,000 people were killed and...

Fathers' Nutrition Knowledge is Associated with Household's, Women's, and Child's Dietary Diversity in the Agriculture to Nutrition Study in Ethiopia

In an effort to address undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies among women and children in rural areas of developing countries, nutrition-sensitive agriculture (NSA) projects focus on women as a medium to effect positive nutritional outcome...

Brazilian and Moroccan Policies for Sub-Saharan Africa: Description and Elements for Assessment

Since the beginning of the century, Brazil and Morocco have implemented active and diversified strategies for building relationships with the rest of Africa, and more specifically the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. To a great extent, the motiva...

Improving Nutrition Outcomes through Optimized Agriculture Investments: Gender Strategy

At its most fundamental level, development is the process of engaging communities to improve social, health, economic, and political outcomes and to expand freedoms. Gender equality and women’s empowerment are essential components to the develop...

The Idle Youth Labor Force in Somalia: A Blow to the Country's GDP

The Somali population is young; it is estimated that 70% of the population is under 30 years. If the youth are not engaged in productive enterprises, it will have a contrary lasting impact on socio-economic development of the country for generatio...

Reactivating the African Statistical Association as a Knowledge Sharing Platform for African Statisticians and Statistical Institutions

This issue of Findings and Recommendations presents a synopsis of the results of an in-depth field study by the Knowledge Management Department of the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) on the revival of the defunct African Statistical ...

Impacts Macroeconomiques des Maladies Non Transmissibles Liees au Tabac au Senegal / Macroeconomic Impacts of Non-Communicable Diseases Related to Tobacco in Senegal

Non-communicable diseases, for which tobacco is one of the main risk factors, is the world's leading cause of death. They contributed 68% of the 56 million deaths in 2012. These deaths are much more concentrated in low- and middle-income countrie...

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