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On the Move: Mobility and Governance in Southern Africa

Southern Africa’s unique migration patterns require collaboration among Southern African countries and improved policies at national and regional level that align with continental aspirations. As South Africa is the main regional migration hub, its …

Divided they Fall: Frontiers, Borderlands and Stability in North Africa

Smuggling has historically been a solution for Maghrebi states, ensuring stability in often marginalised areas. This has changed in recent years, with increasingly securitised policies being put in place. These policies have had a significantly nega…

Dealing with a Difficult Past: Time to Revitalise the Ethiopian Reconciliation Commission?

Ethiopia is undergoing a complex political transition, which has revealed the dire need for reconciliation. The Ethiopian Reconciliation Commission was established to tackle past injustices, violations and recurring conflicts. Two years old, it stil…

Land and Reparative Justice in South Sudan

Land, reparations and transitional justice are linked in South Sudan. The African Union’s 2014 inquiry saw land grabbing as among the accumulated grievances and called for land reform as part of transitional justice processes. Yet the 2018 peace a…

Unpacking the Linkage Between Debt, Extractives Sector, Inequality and Illicit Financial Flows: A Case Study from Zimbabwe

Public debt, extractives sector, inequality and illicit financial flows have become very topical when discussing issues of human and economic development in resource rich countries such as Zimbabwe. The linkage and the relations of these four themes…

Implications of Zimbabwe's Constitutional Amendment (No 2) Bill on Fiscal Governance and Public Finance Management

The policy brief addresses key questions on the implications of Clauses 10, 17, 18 and 23 of Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment (No.2) Bill on public finance management in Zimbabwe. The analytic study sought to provide a thorough insight and assessm…

Assessment of National Financing and Investment Policies in the ECOWAS Member Countries with Regard to the ECOWAS Regional Financing and Investment Protocol

Regional integration has been at the helm of the African Union (AU)’s development approach since 1980 when this was enshrined in the Lagos plan of Action, with a view to integrating the Continent into a pan-African political unity and industrializat…

Impact of Access to Microcredit on the Well-being of Households and Poverty Change in Cameroon: 2001 - 2007 - Research paper

Using data from the second and third Cameroonian household surveys, this study analyzes the relationship between access to microcredit, household well-being, and poverty change in Cameroon. It uses a combination of two methods of analysis: the instr…

Trade Liberalization and Tax Revenue Mobilization in ECOWAS Countries

This study is an empirical assessment of the effects of trade liberalization on total tax revenues and their various components in the countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The study uses data from a sample of 13 cou…

Mauritians' Demand for Democracy Remains High Despite Waning Quality

On 17 May2021, former attorney general and prominent government critic Jayaram Valayden was detained by Mauritian security forces and charged with organizing a rally in contravention of the country’s Quarantine Act, a COVID-19 containment measure th…

Malgré Qu’il Soit Difficile de S’informer sur les Impôts, les Togolais Sont Favorables à en Payer Plus Pour Plus de Services / Togolese are in Favour of Paying More for More Services, Although itiIs Difficult to Find out about Taxes.

Togo has operationalised the policy known as "integrated management" to limit the huge losses of revenue due to the weakness of its tax and customs system. This policy consists of merging the tax and customs services into a single entity with more e…

Les Tunisiens ont Confiance en Leurs Tribunaux Mais Pensent Que les Gens ne Sont Pas Égaux Devant la Loi / Tunisians Trust Their Courts but Believe that People are not Equal before the Law

Tunisia ranks eighth in Africa and 56th in the world according to the World Justice Project's Rule of Law Index (2020). Based on primary data, this index measures each country's performance on the rule of law across eight factors: constraints on gov…

Liberians are Unhappy about Economic Conditions, but Wary of Public Protests

Public protests and civic actions have been an integral part of Liberia’s political history. In April 1979, an 18% increase in the price of rice led to violent protests against the government, resulting in the deaths of about 40 protesters. Like the…

Mauritians' Assessment of Election Quality took a Hit in 2019

In November 2019, Mauritians conducted their 11th general election since independence in 1968, handing the ruling Militant Socialist Movement a clear victory and Prime Minister Pravind Kumar Jugnauth a five-year term. In the Economist Intelligence U…

Access Denied: Freedom of Information in Africa Falls Short of Public Expectations

The African Platform on Access to Information (2011), adopted a decade ago by a group of leading African media and information stakeholders, recognizes access to information as a fundamental human right. Since endorsed by the African Commission on H…

Vaccine Diplomacy and Beyond: New Trends in Chinese Image-building in Africa

In the face of growing tensions between the US and China, Beijing’s relationships with the Global South are taking on particular salience. Africa has long been a testing ground for Chinese public diplomacy tools. The COVID-19 pandemic has proven imp…

Renewable Energy in the Minerals Sector: Assessing Opportunities for Africa

Renewable energy (RE) is becoming an increasingly visible component of the global energy supply mix. As a large consumer of power globally, the mining industry has historically relied on grid power or diesel generators for remote sites. While there …

Conservation Finance Options to Support African Post-2020 Biodiversity Priorities

Globally, we are in the midst of an unprecedented environmental crisis, in particular of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation (the biodiversity crisis) and the compounding climate change crisis. Under the UN Convention on Biological Diversity…

Nuclear Revival in North Africa? Developments in Algeria, Libya and Egypt

This paper explores nuclear science and technology through the prism of three North African case studies: Algeria, Egypt and Libya. All three countries have constructed research reactors, albeit in different periods. Egypt’s first research reactor –…

Greenwashing under Growing Regulatory Scrutiny

On 10 March 2021, a set of ‘green finance’ rules designed by the EU to prevent greenwashing – the act of claiming that a fund is sustainable when in reality it is working against sustainability objectives – was applied to certain financial services …

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