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#Hashtag: An Analysis of the #FeesMustFall Movement at South African Universities

"Student-led protests gained momentum in 2015/16 and spread across the country. The #FeesMustFall movement sparked heated debates on fee increases in universities. Other demands by students included the decolonisation of the educational system, tr...

The Peacebuilding Role of Civil Society in South Sudan

The theme of the seminar discussed in this paper was: “The Peace building Role of Civil Society in South Sudan”. This seminar was held in order to reflect critically on the record of, and prospects for, civil society in peacemaking and peace buil...

SADC not Bridging the Digital Divide

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are recognised by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) member states as enablers of stronger economic development. Yet, these countries are still grappling with slow and unreliable ...

Towards a Social Cohesion Index for South Africa using SARB Data

The aim of this paper is to create a measurement for national-level social cohesion in South Africa, by creating an index of variables that provide insight into what it is that holds our society together and conversely, what causes division within...

How Kenya has Implemented and Adjusted to the Changes in International Transfer Pricing Regulations: 1920-2016

This paper analyses Kenya’s experience of trying to deal with transfer pricing, and looks at difficulties facing developing and middle-income countries in the application of transfer pricing rules. It discusses the course Kenya has taken in intro...

Zimbabwe’s Very Peculiar Coup

Zimbabwe’s military has detained the country’s 93-year-old President Robert Mugabe and his wife, Grace Mugabe, and taken control of the streets of the capital and the main television station. The next step – apparently, a legitimate-looking transf...

Standoff in Zimbabwe as Struggle to Succeed Mugabe Deepens

President Robert Mugabe plunged Zimbabwe into political crisis by firing his long-time ally and enforcer Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa on 6 November 2017. In this Q&A prior to an apparent army coup in Mnangagwa’s favour on 14-15 November, Cris...

Effect of Elections on Kenya’s Economy

In February 2016, Dr. Mukhisa Kituyi, the Secretary General of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, was concerned with the effect of the political campaigns on Kenya’s economy. He asked Kenyans to reduce political temperatures in ...

Back to the Future: Legitimising Zimbabwe’s 2018 Elections

This report examines the claim that ZANU-PF’s victory in 2013 was primarily the result of an enlarged support base and considers some of the conditions that informed the 2013 poll. The report is not, however, intended as a comprehensive analysis o...

Conflict Trends Issue 3

The first article is titled: Is There a Link between Democracy and Development in Africa? by Kizito Sikuka. Arguments presented in this article clearly show a strong relationship between democracy and development. However, it may be important to...

Living With Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Informal Enterprise in South Africa

This report examines the impact of xenophobic violence on Zimbabweans who are trying to make a living in the South African informal sector and finds that xenophobic violence has several key characteristics that put them at constant risk of losing ...

IPTL, Richmond and “Escrow”: The Price of Private Power Procurement in Tanzania

Framed as an “emergency” supplier to address an energy crisis in 1994-95, Independent Power Tanzania Ltd (IPTL) did not serve the national grid until 2002. It then became a permanent feature of the energy sector for the next 15 years. In the proc...

Refugee Entrepreneurial Economies in Urban South Africa

The primary aim of this report is to examine what we call “refugee entrepreneurial economies” in urban South Africa. Within the informal sector, refugee enclaves have often been viewed as stagnant pools of desperation, providing narrow opportuniti...

An Agenda for Civil Society: A Business Critique? Shaping South Africa's Region Building Role

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a one-day policy advisory group seminar at the Double Tree By Hilton Cape Town Hotel, on 20 October 2017, on the theme “An Agenda for Civil Society: A Business Critique? S...

Competition or Co-operation? South African and Migrant Entrepreneurs in Johannesburg

International migrant business owners in South Africa’s informal sector are, and have been for many years, the target of xenophobic attacks. This has led to public debates about their role in the South African economy and competition with their So...

Informal Entrepreneurship and Cross-Border Trade between Zimbabwe and South Africa

Zimbabwe has witnessed the rapid expansion of informal cross-border trading (ICBT) with neighbouring countries over the past two decades. Beginning in the mid-1990s when the country embarked on its Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP),...

Coût des Mauvaises Pratiques dans l’usage des Produits Chimiques dans le secteur Agricole / The Cost of Poor Practices in the Use of Chemicals in the Agricultural Sector

The improvement of the management of chemicals in Burkina Faso, remains a financial issue. According to this study, the subject by the SP/CONEDD (2013), the Burkinabè economy loses $ 15.1 billion (19.2% of GDP) every year, due to the use of pes...

Benchmarking the Role of African Youth in Transitional Justice Processes

The increasing role of African youth in political transformations and conflicts in the African continent is inevitably linked to the demographic reality that Africa is a continent of the Youth. This increasing role is also attributable to the ca...

The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in Africa

Climate change will play an increasingly important role in Africa, as elsewhere, during the course of the 21st century. Rising temperatures and increased frequency of extremely dry and wet years are expected to slow progress toward increased produ...

West African Agriculture for Jobs, Nutrition, Growth and Climate Resilience

West Africa as a region is projected to continue robust economic growth in the decades ahead, according to scenarios developed by the global modeling community in the context of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment rep...

African Solutions to African problems: a Viable Solution towards a United, Prosperous and Peaceful Africa?

It is important to realize that African solutions include the planning of content, ideas, practical action and financial dimensions. The content and ideas should emerge from Africans, particularly African scholars because of the need for research ...

Cost of Smartphones Continues the Digital Divide in Tanzania

The Tanzanian mobile market has been one of the most vibrant markets on the continent as a result of higher competition and an enabling wholesale cost environment. Consumers have been the beneficiaries of fierce pricing strategies yet this dynamis...

Trade, Food and Nutrition Security in South Africa: The Cases of Sugar and Poultry

The purpose of this paper is to consider the role that trade plays in food and nutrition security in South Africa. Despite an established commercial food system, South Africans experience high levels of food and nutrition insecurity – both under...

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