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Social Cohesion Hangs in the Balance as South Africans Feel Economically Insecure: Reflections from the South African Reconciliation Barometer

This paper is comprised of three sections and a conclusion. Section 1 provides an overview of the SARB survey methodology. The SARB survey is a nationally representative opinion survey run by the IJR. The survey interviews 2 400 South Africans, gene…

Civil Society Leading Transitional Justice in Southern Africa: Lessons from Zimbabwe

Using Zimbabwe as a case study, this policy brief presents a practice model of how civil society can play an effective and proactive leadership role in pushing for the implementation of transitional justice. The briefing outlines the civil society-l…

The Day After Tomorrow: Africa's Battle with COVID-19 and the Road Ahead

The COVID-19 pandemic has been widely described as unforeseen, and a “black-swan event”. It is, however, nothing of the kind. Scientists had long warned the world about the eventuality of such a pandemic. It is therefore nothing short of a failure o…

Agricultural Value Chains in South Africa and the Implications for Employment-intensive Land Reform

The report examines small-scale farmers and their participation in agricultural value chains, in order to consider how to strengthen and upscale their participation in such value chains. The highly dualistic nature of the agricultural sector in Sout…

COVID-19 and the Political Transition in South Sudan

The outbreak of the global pandemic, COVID-19, caught South Sudan in the middle of another political transition after six years of a civil war. The pandemic has had a tremendously negative impact on the political transition in the country. In more s…

Transitional Justice in South Sudan: A Case for Sustainable Peace, Accountability, Reconciliation and Healing

The justice versus peace dichotomy or lack thereof has spawned both legal practice and international law literature for decades. As the debate pertains to the application of transitional justice specifically against the backdrop of mass political vi…

En Côte d’Ivoire, la Fourniture des Services D’eau et D’assainissement Demeure Insuffisante / In Côte d'Ivoire, the Provision of Water and Sanitation Services Remains Insufficient

The first half of 2018 in Côte d'Ivoire recorded cases of drinking water shortages in several localities including Bouaké, Niakaramandougou, Ferkessédougou, Doropo, Odienné, and Tiéningboué. To stem the tide of this problem, the World Bank provided …

Les Burkinabè Préoccupés par la Situation Économique et la Direction du Pays / Burkinabè are Concerned about the Economic Situation and the Direction of the Country.

In addition to facing immense security and humanitarian challenges in recent years, Burkinabè are facing a difficult economic situation. Even before the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic, the country's annual real gross domestic product (GDP) growth …

Fuel Subsidy in Nigeria: Lessons in Leading the People's Side of the Tussle

Each time the Federal Government of Nigeria considers the burden of fuel subsidy too heavy, it attempts to shed a bit of it. Two things often follow: first, the prices of petroleum products and the cost of living instantly go up; second, the organis…

Africa's Expansion of AI Surveillance - Regional Gaps and Key Trends

Many African states are deploying Artificial Intelligence (AI) surveillance technologies to monitor citizens for various purposes, but seldom in ways that are rights-respecting and particularly privacy-respecting. Today’s AI surveillance technologie…

Microfinancing and its Benefits to Women Owned Micro-enterprises in Chad: A Case Study of the City of N'Djamena

This study examined the impact of finance on the profits derived by women owned micro-enterprises in Chad, through undertaking a case study of the city of N’Djamena. To achieve this objective, the study uses both the two-step Generalized Least Squar…

Oil Exploitation and Regional Disparities of Poverty in Chad: An Analysis of the Oil Revenues Redistribution Policy

This study aims to explore local disparities of poverty in Chad within a context of oil exploitation. Firstly, it analyses the regional poverty dynamics between 2003 and 2011 by decomposing poverty trends into growth and redistribution components ba…

Youth Labour Market Participation and Sectoral Choices in Côte d’Ivoire

Several employment options are available to job seekers in Côte d’Ivoire. Four employment options are offered according to the market structure. This refers to the public sector, formal private sector, non-agricultural informal sector, and the agric…

Impact of Institutional Quality on Tax Revenue in Cote D'Ivoire

Using Gill’s (2000) conceptual framework, the present study is an institutional analysis aimed at explaining the low level of tax revenue in Côte d’Ivoire. It is based on data collected from the DPPSE of the country’s Ministry of Economics and Finan…

Household Economic Well-being and Child Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Report

Health is both a direct component of human well-being and a form of human capital that increases an individual’s capabilities and opportunities to generate income, and reduces vulnerability. It is argued that these two views are complementary and bo…

Improving Energy Efficiency and Interconnectivity in Africa through Regional Economic Integration

Affordable and efficient energy supply is essential for enhanced welfare and better development outcomes. However, African states suffer from huge deficits in energy generation and distribution, resulting in unreliable power networks, frequent power…

Energy Mix Choices and the Protection of Workers' Interests in South Africa

The recent power shortages and subsequent load shedding experienced by the country, on one hand, and the increasing recognition of the climate change problem have brought home the fact that South Africa requires a mix of all possible energy sources …

The New Frontier for the EU-Africa Relationship and its Relevance for Southern Africa

In late 2020 the relationship between the European Union (EU) and Africa had reached a frontier and the next phase in the relationship was very unclear. A nexus of factors, including historical events and circumstances, provide the context in which …

Aviculture et Covid-19 au Sénégal: Situation et perspectives / Poultry farming and Covid-19 in Senegal: Situation and prospects

Based on the results of surveys and interviews with stakeholders, as well as the opinions of poultry experts, this briefing note describes the context for the revival of the poultry value chain and discusses the paradigms for its development induced…

Long-run Rural Livelihood Diversification in Kagera, Tanzania

What drives livelihood diversification among predominantly rural households in developing countries and how can welfare-enhancing patterns be established and sustained in the long run? A large literature has focused on whether income diversification…

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