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Statelessness in Southern Africa: Time to end it, not promote it

Statelessness in Southern Africa is driven primarily by colonial history, border changes, migration, poor civil registry systems, and discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity and religion. There are concerning signs that states are using s...

Harnessing the 4IR in SADC: Roles for Policymakers

This paper maps SADC countries’ readiness for the Fourth Industrial Revolution from a strategic policy perspective. It focuses specifically on the digital connectivity and skills components of the 4IR, given their role in creating an enabling envi...

What Counts as ‘Evidence’?

Evidence-based policing is the application of empirical research to police decision-making. ‘Evidence’ means knowledge derived from the principles of scientific method, namely critical thinking and careful observation. Policing decisions should b...

In eSwatini, Citizens Doubt Benefits of Legalizing Marijuana, but Few would Report Violations

The southern African Kingdom of eSwatini may be world-famous for its marijuana varietal “Swazi Gold,” but growing the crop is illegal in the country. However, the government recently granted a 10-year license to U.S.-based Profile Solutions Inc. t...

Alignment of Legislation Impacting Public Finance Management (PFM) in Zimbabwe

This policy brief proposes a set of recommendations on the alignment of the legislation impacting Public Finance Management in Zimbabwe. According to the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) Secretariat, public finance management...

Bond Issuance and the Current Debt Levels in Sub Saharan Africa

After the global financial and economic crisis of 2008, there has been a substantial increase in sovereign bond issuance in Sub Saharan Africa. The total value of bonds issued increased by over 620% from $1 billion in 2011 to $6.2 billion in 201...

The Current and Future Climate of Central and Southern Africa: What we have Learnt and what it Means for Decision-Making in Malawi and Tanzania

UMFULA has addressed questions of climate science, climate impacts and decision-making processes for adaptation, including: How does the climate of central and southern Africa work? And how well do climate models represent the key processes respon...

Interbank Market Discipline and its Effectiveness: Lessons from Developing Markets

This study explores interbank market discipline and its effectiveness in Kenya and Malawi by examining the factors that drive the quantity- and price-based measures of market discipline, and the effectiveness of disciplinary mechanisms in influenc...

Contemporary Populism

Prof. Fukuyama began his analysis of populism with the election of Donald Trump to the US presidency and the UK’s Brexit vote in 2016. “We all found ourselves in the midst of a global populist uprising … trying to figure out what was happening”. H...

Increasing VAT Rate from 5 to 7.2%: Is Nigerian Economy ready for the Consequences?

Value-added Tax (VAT) is a flat-tax based on the increase in value of a product or service at each stage of production or distribution. It is paid by the final consumers and collected by the end retailer. As its name implies, value-added tax ref...

Addressing Poverty Challenges in Nigeria

Despite the various poverty alleviation programmes adopted by various governments in Nigeria, over 93 million Nigerians still live in poverty, with at least three million sliding into extreme poverty between November 2018 and February 2019. This...

Nigeria’s Debt Burden: Implications for Human Development

Nigeria’s total public debt stock rose continuously from NGN8.32 trillion in September 2013 to NGN22.7 trillion in March 2017. The high debt made the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) warn the country of the economic consequence...

Everywhere as Grazing Land: Interrogating the Pastoralist Question in Nigeria

Trans humance pastoralism has been a long practice in Nigeria. It involves the movement of herders with their herds from one location to the other in search of pastures and water. In the course of the movements, herders have increasingly been comi...

The UN Security Council Visits South Sudan: A Symbolic Act of Peace

Members of the United Nations Security Council, under the co-chairmanship of South Africa and the United States, visited South Sudan last week on the 20thof October 2019. The visit came as the deadline for the formation of the Revitalized Transiti...

Evaluation of State Social Protection Programmes in Nigeria

The objective of this work therefore, is to evaluate two government social protection programmes namely, the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), and the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programme in the country. Specifically, the study will: ...

Rapport de la Mission Exploratoire du Programme Twende Mbele au Niger / Report of the Exploratory Mission of the Twende Mbele Program in Niger

As part of the development of evaluation in Africa and strengthening South-South cooperation, Benin, South Africa and Uganda have contributed to the design of an innovative program called "Twende Mbele" which means "Let's all move forward "in Swa...

Confronting a Life-threatening Pollution: A Guide for Credible Environmental and Social Audit of Petroleum Companies' Operations in South Sudan

This policy brief discusses how the recently proposed environmental and social audit of the petroleum companies’ operations by the Ministry of Petroleum can be conducted to generate scientific evidence that can assist in finding a permanent solut...

Zambian Data Prices Fall by More than 70% but Internet Use Remains below 20%

In anticipation of the entry of a new player in the market, mobile operators engaged in price war leading to a more than 70% decrease in data prices between the first quarter of 2018 and that of 2019. Despite data prices in Zambia being significan...

Improving Entrepreneurs' Interpersonal Skills to Increase SME Revenues in Liberia

The Liberian Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) sector—representing about 96% of the country’s business entities—declined significantly during the Ebola outbreak. Many businesses closed or downsized in this period. Additionally, the number of miss...

The Genesis of Insurgency in Northern Mozambique

Insurgents have attacked towns and villages in Cabo Delgado, the poorest province in Mozambique. The government has responded by sending in the military to stamp out the assailants, using ‘whatever it takes’, amid suspicions that foreign fighters ...

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