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Peter Draper

Peter Draper joined SAIIA as Trade Research Fellow and Project Head of the Development through Trade Program in 2003. He previously headed the Department of Economics and Economic History at the University of Durban-Westville; the Asia and Mercosur desks at the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI); and Economic Analysis and Research in the DTI's International Trade and Economic Development Division. He is a member of Business Unity South Africa's trade committee and lectures International Business at the Wits Business School. He is a board member and non-resident senior fellow of the Brussels-based European Centre for International Political Economy; a member of the IMD-Lausanne's Evian group including its "Brains trust"; and a board member of the Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis. He holds a Masters in Economics from the University of Kwazulu-Natal. He is based in Pretoria.
 

Expertise

  • World Trade Organisation
  • Political economy of regional economic integration
  • South African trade policy

Library Articles

Mega-regional Trade Agreements:Strategic Implications for South Africa

"For many years the Doha Round of negotiations of the World Trade Organization (WTO) had been in the doldrums, with little apparent prospect of success in its primary aim. In the wake of the ninth WTO ministerial conference in Bali in December 2013 there is renewed optimism that the WTO can deliver, and that something can still be made of the Round. The time is thus right for WTO member...

The Economic Gateway to Africa? Geography, Strategy and South Africa's Regional Economic Relations

"The paper argues that South Africa’s role as an economic gateway primarily depends upon geography, ie upon naturally given and man-made structures in geographical space. Based upon these structures, politicians and businessmen have to pursue the right strategies in order to maintain the gateway status. Hence, the paper examines South Africa’s location, physio-geographical conditions in...

Towards a Framework of Principles for the G20: Assessing the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung 'Guidelines'

" A rapidly changing world needs a navigational system if it is not to founder on the rocks of high finance. The G20 ‘ship’ currently lacks such direction and risks becoming irrelevant at the time of greatest need for it. One option, albeit one that would take time, is the establishment of a common set of principles against which G20 members could orientate their discussions concerning...

Dreaming out loud:Implications of a Doha end-game for South Africa

"In November 2011, the Doha Round will be in its tenth year. Efforts continue in Geneva to conclude the negotiations but with no sign of agreement anytime soon. The talks have essentially been stuck since the last draft modalities of 2008, and no agreement seems close in the three key negotiating areas of agriculture, non-agricultural market access (NAMA) and services. Political will to...

Trade, Industrial Policy and Exchange Rates in South Africa

"South Africa’s trade, industrial and exchange rate policies have been the subject of substantial public debate in recent months, not least owing to the impact of the 2008–10 global financial crisis. On the trade and industrial policy fronts a substantial reorientation of policy has been under way for some time – a process accelerated by the financial crisis and associated policy responses...

What Does the Future Hold for SACU? From Own Goal to Laduma! Scenarios for the Future of the Southern African Customs Union

"A group of Southern African Customs Union (SACU) experts and interested parties recently participated in a scenario-planning exercise on the future of SACU. This paper gives an account of the scenarios developed, which range from SACU collapsing to a scenario where it deepens into a common market. The exercise first mapped out the key certainties and uncertainties that SACU is facing. These...

Whither the Multilateral Trading System? Implications for (South) Africa

"So far the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has acted as a constraint on the worst protectionist pressures building in the global trading system following the 2008–10 global financial crisis, which is a testament to the system’s constraining power. But the combination of these pressures with fundamental changes in global economic power has implications for what countries will be prepared to...

Trade Policy, Protectionism and the Global Economic Crisis

"This discussion has been among a group of like-minded people who generally see the benefits of free trade. But that view is not necessarily widely held in the broader society, where protectionism attracts a lot of support. That’s why we need to have more discussions such as this. We need to stimulate more debate about trade policy, tease out different viewpoints, and hopefully end up with...

Africa's Challenges in International Trade and Regional Integration: What Role for Europe?

"The challenges that Africa faces in trade and regional integration are legion, and well documented. In this brief we attempt to summarise them against the backdrop of Africa’s broad development priorities. We then explore the ‘demand’ and ‘supply’ sides of Africa’s trade problems, noting where and how the European Union may improve its efforts to assist. This is a wide-ranging discussion...

Towards a New 'Washington Consensus'? South Africa, The G20 Leaders' Summit and the Financial Crisis

To the apparent surprise of G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank governors meeting in Washington during the annual October gathering in 2008, George Bush, outgoing President of the United States of America (US), proposed that a formal summit of G20 heads of state convene in Washington in November 2008.

One size doesn't fit all: Deal breaker issues in the failed US-SACU free trade negotiations

"This volume is part of a larger effort to raise awareness among members of the South African business community of the importance to their own interests of the issues at stake in an FTA negotiation, and of the possibilities inherent in compromise. It seeks to assist negotiators to become active participants in both the TIDCA and the eventual FTA negotiating process.It also examines the...

Trade in genetically modified foods: Decoding Southern African Regulatory approaches

"The central theme of this book is the assertion that despite potential risks agricultural biotechnology can be effectively harnessed to ensure food security and general economic prosperity in Southern Africa. Rautenbach's chapter exposes the gravity of the challenges to agricultural production posed by adverse climate changes in Africa and Southern Africa.Webster, Keetch and Guthrie...

SACU, Regional Integration and the Overlap Issue in Southern Africa: From Spaghetti to Cannelloni?

"This paper examines the regional integration initiatives underpinning the various southern African RECs, and SACU's relationship to the rationalization of RECs in southern and eastern Africa. Part 2 sketches the institutional frameworks associated with SACU's 'competitor' RECs in the region and maps the broad contours of their trade integration objectives in light of...

The TDCA: Impacts, lessons and perspectives for EU-South and Southern African relations

On 11 October 1999 South Africa and the EU signed the TDCA. The agreement was only ratified in May 2004 but some aspects were provisionally implemented with immediate effect. This paper deals with the European Union and its structure and what South Africa learned and gained from the negotiations with the EU. The implications of the TDCA with regard to regionalism in trade relations and the...

Developing country coalitions in multilateral trade negotiations: Aligning the majors?

"This paper focuses on coalition building by developing countries, which is a key indicator of their overall capacity and effectiveness in the WTO. The issue is examined in the context of national trade policies and trade negotiations on other tracks, particularly free-trade agreement (FTA) initiatives. The paper is organised as follows. Section 1 provides historical context on developing...

More than Just Numbers: The Implications of EU Enlargement from 15-25 for South Africa's Trade Strategy

This briefing offers insight into the strategic implications of European Union enlargement for South Africa’s trade strategy. This briefing focuses on the dynamics most likely to impact on EU trade strategy particularly in the sphere of agricultural policy; and how the broader political dynamics pertaining to enlargement will affect South Africa’s trade strategy. The continued existence of...

US Trade strategy after Cancun Prospects and implications for the SACU-US FTA

"The purpose of this report is to highlight the contours of US trade strategy, as well as its prospects and implications for the SACU-US FTA negotiations. It deals with six issues. First, the report traces the historical origins of US trade policy. Second, it explains the shifts which US trade policy underwent in the 1970s and 1980s, laying the foundations for contemporary US trade strategy...

Much ado about something? Assessing the potential of the India-Brazil-SA forum

"Various questions are beginning to be asked about the progress and potential of the India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) Forum, which was created more than a year ago. Following two ministerial meetings a broad agenda has been laid down. At present, however, the priorities for co-operative action remain relatively vague. No clear strategic path for the future has been demarcated. Yet the...

Africa after Cancun Trade negotiations in uncertain times

"This trade policy report sets out to understand and demystify the failed September 2003 World Trade Organisation (WTO) ministerial meeting in Cancun, Mexico. The collection begins with President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda arguing that what Africans really want is more opportunities to trade rather than increased development aid. Faizel Ismail gives an insider's insight into what...

Smoke and mirrors: Africa, special and differential treatment, and the Doha Development Agenda

"Current negotiations over special and differential treatment (SDT) in the World Trade Organisation (WTO) are rather complex, and fraught with all manner of difficulties. Arguably only those involved in these negotiations really understand the state of play; therefore this article does not set out to provide an update. First, we explain why the GATT was established. Then the broad evolution...

To Liberalise or not to liberalise? A review of the South African Government's trade policy

"Trade policy is a central feature of the South African government's economic policy. In the early years of the transition to democratic rule it was widely debated. This debate receded recently, but is returning to centre stage as government's trade negotiators tackle a series of significant negotiations. Yet trade policy is generally not well understood outside of the small circle...