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Jonathan Crush

Jonathan Crush is Director of the Southern African Research Centre at Queen’s University and an Honorary Professor at the University of Cape Town. He is the coordinator of two Canadian-African research and policy networks focusing on African urban food security (www.afsun.org) and international migration and development (www.queensu.ca/samp). He is currently conducting a major study on the Southern Africa diaspora in Canada. The study is funded by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).
 

Expertise

  • International migration and development
  • Mobility and HIV/AIDS
  • Urban food security
  • Immigration policy
  • Africa

Library Articles

Soft Targets: Xenophobia, Public Violence and Changing Attitudes to Migrants in South Africa after May 2008

"The post-apartheid history of antipathy towards migrants and refugees is pronounced and well documented. A study by SAMP in 2006 of citizens’ attitudes to migrants reached the gloomy conclusion that South Africa continued to be a society in which xenophobia remained well entrenched. The research allows us to gauge public sentiments at a particular point in time, identify possible areas of...

Patients Without Borders : Medical Tourism and Medical Migration in Southern Africa

"Medical tourism has become a major focus of research and policy interest in the Global South in recent years. Much of the discussion focuses on the motives and impact of Europeans and North Americans who travel to developing countries for lower cost medical and health care. This paper first reviews the operation of the private sector industry in South Africa and the role of medical...

Unfriendly Neighbours: Contemporary Migration from Zimbabwe to Botswana

Publisher: Southern African Migration Project (SAMP)
Published: 2012
"This report focuses on understanding the nature and implications of the most recent phase of movement from Zimbabwe to Botswana. The first section of the report examines the evidence for the number of Zimbabweans in Botswana. As in South Africa, the numbers are frequently exaggerated by the media and in official pronouncements. However, arriving at a precise number is impossible. Botswana...

Heading North: The Zimbabwean Diaspora in Canada

"Studies of the Zimbabwean diaspora tend to focus on migrants in South Africa and the United Kingdom. This is the first major study of Zimbabwean migration to Canada. The report presents and discusses the findings of a SAMP survey conducted across Canada in 2010. It first discusses the recent history of migration from Zimbabwe to Canada and then provides a demographic and socio-economic...

Dystopia and Disengagement: Diaspora Attitudes Towards South Africa

“In 2008, South African Brandon Huntley was given refugee status in Canada by the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB). The unprecedented decision, based on Huntley’s claim that as a white South African he was the victim of racial persecution in South Africa, caused a firestorm. Interest in the case was particularly intense in South Africa itself where the decision was derided in the...

Complex Movements, Confused Responses: Labour Migration in South Africa

"The first section of this paper briefly reviews the post-apartheid decline in permanent immigration and legal temporary labour migration to South Africa. The next section examines some of the new migration trends that have become increasingly important over the last two decades. Finally, the paper examines the current institutional context established by the 2002 Immigration Act. In...

South Africa's Two Diasporas: Engagement and Disengagement

"The African diaspora is increasingly viewed as a key to realizing the development potential of international migration. At the same time, there remains considerable confusion about who exactly constitutes the diaspora and which groups should be targeted for 'diaspora engagement.' For some, the diaspora consists of all migrants of African birth living outside Africa. The African...

Zimbabwean Access to Health Services in South Africa

"Hostility towards migrants and refugees makes South Africa one of the most migrant-unfriendly countries in the world. In May 2008, the country was rocked by violent attacks on the lives and property of Africans from other parts of the continent. Over 60 people died in the violence and over 100,000 migrants were forced out of their homes and communities. President Thabo Mbeki and other...

Right to the Classroom: Educational Barriers for Zimbabweans in South Africa

"This report examines the obstacles to access by Zimbabwean children and students to schools and tertiary institutions in South Africa. There is a common assumption in South Africa that these children and students have no right to an education in South Africa. In fact, this view contravenes various international human rights conventions to which South Africa is a signatory. At the regional...

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour migration is now more voluminous, dynamic and complex than it has ever been. This presents policy-makers with considerable opportunities and...

Migration, Remittances and "Development" in Lesotho

"Lesotho is one of the most migration dependent countries in the world. Migrant remittances are the country’s major source of foreign exchange, accounting for 25% of GDP in 2006. Lesotho is also one of the poorest countries in the world due to high domestic unemployment, declining agricultural production, falling life expectancy, rising child mortality and half the population living below...

Migration-Induced HIV and AIDS in Rural Mozambique and Zwaziland

"South Africa's gold mining workforce has the highest prevalence rates of tuberculosis and HIV infection of any industrial sector in the country. The contract migrant labour system, which has long outlived apartheid, is responsible for this unacceptable situation. The spread of HIV to rural communities in Southern Africa is not well understood. The accepted wisdom is that migrants...

The Perfect Storm: The Realities of Xenophobia in Contemporary South Africa

"The world recently watched with dismay as South African citizens violently attacked foreign nationals in communities across the country. Tens of thousands of migrants were displaced, amid mass looting and destruction of foreign-owned homes, property and businesses. Senior officials and politicians seemed bemused and perplexed by the xenophobic violence. The media was quick to advance...

The Haemorrhage of Health Professionals from South Africa: Medical Opinions

"The health sector has been especially hard hit by the brain drain from South Africa. Unless the push factors are successfully addressed, intense interest in emigration will continue to translate into departure for as long as demand exists abroad (and there is little sign of this letting up.) Health professional decision-making about leaving, staying or returning is poorly-understood and...

The UN Convention on the Rights of Migrant Workers: The Ratification Non-Debate

"In order to better understand the relevance of the Convention to South Africa, it is necessary to examine the history of the ICMW and why other countries have been so hesitant to ratify it. Second, it is necessary to provide an overview of migrant rights in South Africa. If migrant rights are already sufficiently protected then ratification should present no obstacle to the South African...

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent into a single regional labour market during the twentieth century. However, entrenched patterns of migration have undergone major restructuring in the...

Migration, Remittances and Development in Southern Africa

"Remittances by migrants are now a focus of attention of governments and development agencies worldwide. Globally, cash remittances by international migrants now exceed $250 billion per annum, easily outweighing the value of development assistance. Over a third of remittances to developing countries originate in other developing countries. International cash remittances are only part of the...

Degrees of Uncertainty: Students and the Brain Drain in Southern Africa

"The brain drain has recently emerged as a major policy issue in Southern Africa. Although precise data on the extent of the skills exodus is lacking, all the countries of the region have expressed concern about the impact of an accelerating brain drain on economic growth and development and on the quality of service delivery in the public sector. The impact of the brain drain is being...

States of Vulnerability: The Future Brain Drain of Talent to South Africa

"Skills emigration or the 'brain drain' has become a major policy and research issue at the national, regional and continental level in Africa. African governments emerged from colonialism with a woefully inadequate skills base. After independence, most invested heavily in skills creation, universalizing access to primary and secondary education, setting up new universities and...

Swaziland Moves: Perceptions and Patterns of Modern Migration

"Swaziland has an unusually rich migration history. Swazi men and women have been migrating across colonial and international borders for decades for a multiplicity of reasons. Within the country, post-independence economic development was accompanied by rapid urbanization. As in many countries of the region, the monitoring of these processes through the ongoing collection of migration and...