South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)

SAIIA is an independent, non-governmental think tank whose purpose is to encourage wider and more informed awareness of the importance of international affairs. It is both a centre for research excellence and a home for stimulating public debate. The major research projects within the Institute produce a range of deliverables to policy makers and the wider public in the form of publications, policy briefs, workshops and conferences. http://www.saiia.org.za/

Library Articles

Zambia's Constitutional Groundhog Day: Why National Debate about Constitutional Reform is not Going Away Anytime Soon

"Since independence, Zambia has had five major constitutional amendments (an average of one every 10 years), a fact that has raised concerns about the country’s constitutional foundations. The constitution has been made a campaign issue in every presidential election since Zambia’s return to multiparty politics in the 1990s. In recent years, constitutional reform has become increasingly...

Emerging Trends in Africa's Electoral Processes

"The quest for competitive elections in Africa, with the modest gains made since the 1990s towards deepening democratisation, continues to underpin the continent’s efforts to create stable and growing democracies. Since the post-Cold War transition from single-party to multiparty systems, most African countries have embraced elections as their preferred option for power transfer. Drawing...

Can Workplace Secondments Build Trust in the Mining Sector?

"Mutual suspicion has characterised the relationship between the South African government and mining companies, particularly in recent years. Resolving the current impasse would require a panoply of policy interventions because of the complexity and age of the mining industry. This briefing proposes that one such intervention could be the introduction of a structured workplace secondment...

Own Ways of Doing: National Pride, Power and China's Political Calculus in Ethiopia

"Contrary to the predominant perception of all of China’s key partners in Africa being either resource rich or economic powerhouses, Ethiopia is neither. Its strategic position within the Horn of Africa and its stable and efficient – although coercive – government, coupled with the concentration of regional institutions in Addis Ababa, have gradually turned Ethiopia into one of the main...

South Africa's State-building Role in the DRC: Kicking the Can Down the Road

"As the mooted presidential election in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is postponed to December 2018, South Africa’s most significant engagement in post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD) since its return to African affairs in 1994 hangs in the balance. While South Africa has done a fairly decent job of supporting the DRC at various difficult intervals since the 1990s,...

Foreign Investment Promotion and Domestic Protection : A Balancing Act

"This paper analyses South Africa’s relationship with sustainable inward foreign direct investment (FDI). It examines South Africa’s balancing act of promoting FDI that brings inclusive economic development while remaining an attractive FDI destination for investors. It first gives a brief overview of South Africa’s current FDI context, with particular focus on the dynamics of international...

Côte d'Ivoire's Comeback: The Revival of Ivorian Regional Diplomacy

"Over the past few decades, Côte d’Ivoire has been a passive and often problematic actor within its region. This has been the case since the death of the first president of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, on 7 December 1993. Under Houphouët-Boigny the country encouraged migration by opening up its borders to neighbouring countries and actively linking France to the...

Kenya's Regional Diplomacy: Peripheral or Adaptive Pragmatism?

"Kenya maintains close bilateral and multilateral relations with all its neighbouring states. However, analysts have argued that Kenya lags behind in taking up strong positions at the regional and international levels, unlike some other key states in the region. With the most competitive economy in the region, a relatively well-educated population and a well-trained workforce, the question...

Eyes on the Prize: South African Business in the DRC

"The following Policy Insight provides a brief overview of some of the major South African and Congolese economic relations, trade and private investment in the post-conflict era of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It provides a snapshot of some of the major South African corporations and joint ventures active in the agriculture, retail, banking, telecommunications, mining,...

Is the Livestock Sector in Southern Africa Prepared for Climate Change?

"The climate of the Southern African region is moving towards drier and hotter regimes. Livestock production will be significantly affected by the change and variability of climate, yet the response to climate change in the region has been unco-ordinated and sporadic. The drought of 2015/2016, which has been the most severe in 35 years, has forced policymakers to rethink this issue. As a...

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