Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA)

Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA) is an independent research institution which creates and utilises knowledge to facilitate socio-economic development, based in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. REPOA produces high quality research, provides training, facilitates knowledge-sharing and promotes the use of accurate information in policy development. http://www.repoa.or.tz/

Library Articles

Strategic Significance of National Oil Companies: Lessons for Tanzania

The genesis of NOC’s is examined in this paper and how these institutions have contributed to the development needs of countries that have established them. The essay serves to enhance dialogue on this subject and to locate the evolution of the Tanzanian NOC within a broader industry context. The key proposition underlying this essay is that the benefits of hydrocarbon to the country can be...

Access to Family Planning Services in Rural Tanzania

The study concluded that family planning services are generally available. However, the range of options available to users at the primary healthcare level tends to be limited, which limits the ability of users to switch methods. The proper management of clients, which includes the protection of clients’ privacy and ensuring that necessary tests and counselling are done before any method is...

When Does the State Listen?

In this article, the author looked at four cases of key historical policies in Ghana, Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania to examine how states engage with citizen voices. The policies all took place in contexts of political change and major junctures of democratization. Three kinds of moments are identified when the state listens: hearing moments, when it engages with citizen voices but does not...

Social Protection : Targeting the Most Vulnerable Children The Case Study of Tanzania

This research reported on the targeting approaches used in social protection interventions for the livelihood of the most vulnerable children. Intervention organizations mainly adopted three types of targeting approaches : 1) the community-based approach, which was the most widely used, 2) identifying children and their households based on a case-by-case basis through some kind of proxy means...

Driving Forces of Off Farm Income Generating Activities in Rural Tanzania : How Accessible are they to Poor Households?

Published: 2016
The focus in this paper is on the driving forces of off-farm income-generating activities and the extent to which such forces are accessible to poor households in rural Tanzania. The paper makes use of the utility maximization theory in which a farmer’s decision to offer labour to off-farm employment depends on the utility derived from such employment. The results shows that the decision to...

Alternatives to Local Content

This analysis of local content combines the conceptual and theoretical analysis with a qualitative empirical analysis. A comprehensive treatment is provided of the effects of local content, incorporating insights from the political economy literature on effects of natural resource rents. The theoretical framework has implications for the approach chosen in empirical studies of local content;...

Mineral Extraction for Socio-EconomicTransformation of Tanzania: The Need to Move from Papers to Implementation of Mining Policy and Law

Tanzania is endowed with vast quantities and types of resources. Central to the country's economic growth is the extraction of these. The challenge, however, has been translating growth in extraction activities and into inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development and transformation. Instead of being of benefit to all, mineral resource extraction has only served to put Tanzania into...

Transparency and Accountability in Local Governance in Tanzania

When citizens perceive their government to be transparent and accountable to them - democracy will only grow and thrive. Citizens will support and complement government efforts if the government informs them of how decisions that affect them are taken. Citizens mostly like to be informed of how much taxes are collected and how the taxes they pay are spent. Such a government can be trusted, and a...

Incomplete Intermediary Coordination and its Effects on Productivity of Sugarcane in Tanzania

Published: 2014
Underpinning the key proposition of this study is that raising productivity among cane outgrowers in Tanzania is limited by the industry’s characteristics of production and incomplete intermediary organization. While the existing intermediary organizations have to some extent helped in reducing transaction costs and uncertainties, such transaction cost-reducing functions are necessary but not...

Reversing Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Decline in Tanzania: Policy Options and Constraints

The key messages in this policy brief are as follows: -Pharmaceutical production has been a Tanzanian industrial success, generating industrial skills and employment and sustaining access to essential medicines for the Tanzanian population, especially in rural areas. -Tanzania now risks accelerated loss of this key industrial sector, under interacting pressures from external competition,...

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