International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks sustainable solutions for ending hunger and poverty. IFPRI is one of 15 centers supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), an alliance of 64 governments, private foundations, and international and regional organizations. http://www.ifpri.org/

Library Articles

Household Perception and Demand for Better Protection of Land Rights in Ehtiopia

"The study assesses factors that explain households’ perceived tenure insecurity and the demand for new formalization of land rights in Ethiopia. We use data from the 2013 Agricultural Growth Program (AGP) survey of 7,500 households from high agricultural potential areas of Ethiopia. The results from a logistic estimation and a descriptive analysis reveal that the demand for further land...

Understanding Farmers’ Technology Adoption Decisions: Input Complementarity and Heterogeneity

"The objective of this paper is to investigate farmers’ multidimensional technology adoption decisions in the presence of heterogeneities across households. We aim to quantify potential complementarities among inputs and alternative forms of unobserved heterogeneities among households. Quantifying complementarities among alternative inputs is crucial because these effects are potentially...

Agricultural Mechanization and South-South Knowledge Exchange: What can Ghanaian and Nigerian Policymakers Learn from Bangladesh's Experience

Bangladesh recently has experienced fast growth in agri-cultural mechanization.Bangladesh’s experience can provide useful insights for many African countries that are seeking sustainable ways to promote agricultural mechanization. In Ghana and Nigeria, the role of the private sector in mechanization service provision has become increasingly recog-nized. Ghana and Nigeria have shifted from...

Synopsis: Agricultural Mechanization in Ethiopia: Evidence from the 2015 Feed the Future Survey

"In this research note, we provide a preview of results from a study of agricultural mechanization in Ethiopia. Our research shows that 9 percent of farmers in the Feed the Future regions of Ethiopia used mechanization at some point during the agricultural year 2014/15. We find that mechanized ploughing was most widespread (5 percent), while mechanized threshing and harvesting was reported...

Ghana's Macroeconomic Crisis Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses

"Ghana is in the midst of a severe but not unprecedented macroeconomic crisis. This paper helps to evaluate the government’s policy options by explaining the crisis’ causes, and comparing it to previous macroeconomic crises and the policies that corrected them. Two large shocks are to blame for the crisis: an increase in the fiscal deficit of about 6 percent of GDP and a reduction in...

The Impact of Agricultural Extension Services in the Context of a Heavily Subsidized Input System The Case of Malawi

"Since 2005, the government of Malawi has focused on the Farm Input Subsidy Programme (FISP) as its major strategy for increasing maize production, promoting household food security, and enhancing rural incomes. Amid concerns about the program’s high costs and inconsistent impact, expenditure on FISP is declining and attention is beginning to shift to other enablers of agricultural...

Leveling the Field for Biofuels Comparing the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel and Other Export Crops in Malawi

"Biofuel production can have conflicting impacts on economic growth, food and energy security, and natural resources. Understanding these trade-offs is crucial for designing policies that are consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals. This is particularly true in low-income countries, where the need to promote both energy and food security is most pressing. To this end, we develop an...

Changes in Ghanaian Farming System Stagnation or a Quiet Transformation

"This research was designed to understand better the patterns of agricultural intensification and transformation occurring in Africa South of the Sahara using the Ghanaian case. The paper examines changes in farming systems and the role of various endogenous and exogenous factors in driving the conversion of arable lands to agricultural uses in four villages within two agroecologically...

Is Reliable Water Access the Solution to Undernutrition? A Review of the Potential of Irrigation to Solve Nutrition and Gender Gaps in Africa South of the Sahara

"Interventions aimed at increasing water availability for livelihood and domestic activities have great potential to improve various determinants of undernutrition, such as the quantity and diversity of foods consumed within the household, income generation, and women’s empowerment. However, current evidence on the topic is diluted across many different publications. This paper aims to...

Understanding the Policy Landscape for Climate Change Adaptation A Cross-Country Comparison Using the Net-Map Method

It is now widely accepted that climate change is one of the largest challenges facing agriculture in the 21st century. Among those who are most affected are poor agricultural households in the developing world, even though they have contributed least to climate change. Africa south of the Sahara is highly vulnerable to adverse impacts from climate change, due to low adaptive capacity, low levels...

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