International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Library Articles

Understanding the Policy Landscape for Climate Change Adaptation A Cross-Country Comparison Using the Net-Map Method

It is now widely accepted that climate change is one of the largest challenges facing agriculture in the 21st century. Among those who are most affected are poor agricultural households in the developing world, even though they have contributed least to climate change. Africa south of the Sahara is highly vulnerable to adverse impacts from climate change, due to low adaptive capacity, low levels...

Improving the Food Policy Process Lessons from Capacity Strengthening of Parliamentarians in Ghana

"Evidence-based policymaking has been a critical aspect of development strategy for more than 20 years in developing countries. Yet the assumption that policymakers will automatically adopt and use evidence made available to them in the process of policymaking may not be valid in all contexts. Strengthening the key actors and players of the policy process is one way to improve evidence-...

Towards Understanding Economic Growth in Africa: A Reinterpretation of the Lewis Model

"Africa’s recent economic growth is at a historical high, the patterns associated with this growth appear to be quite different from the Asian experiences where rapid growth was fueled by labor intensive, export-oriented manufacturing. Because this pattern differs with our typical view of structural transformation, a heated debate has begun over the sustainability of Africa’s growth. In our...

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land tenure reforms. This study, thus, uses five rounds of household panel data from Tigray, Ethiopia, collected in the period 1998–2010 to assess the...

Land Constraints and Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia A Village-level Analysis of High-Potential Areas

"Highland Ethiopia is one of the most densely populated regions of Africa and has long been associated with both Malthusian disasters and Boserupian agricultural intensification. This paper explores the race between these two countervailing forces, with the goal of informing two important policy questions. First, how do rural Ethiopians adapt to land constraints? And second, do land...

The Impact of Food Price Shocks in Uganda: First-order versus Long-run Effects

"In developing countries, all too often policies formulated in response to high food prices are inspired by ideology instead of evidence-based policy research. We look at the immediate effects of these shocks faced by households in Uganda on their poverty and well-being. In addition, we look at the economywide impact in the long run when all markets have settled at a new equilibrium. We find...

Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis Nigeria

"The Nigerian Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) provides an in-depth assessment of the food security situation within Nigeria. This is very important as it equips policymakers with timely and relevant information that will aid the targeting of interventions. Some of the most pertinent findings of the study are listed as: Food insecurity and poverty are...

Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis Nigeria

The Nigerian Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) provides an in-depth assessment of the food security situation within Nigeria. This is very important as it equips policymakers with timely and relevant information that will aid the targeting of interventions.This assessment relies on national household data to examine the different factors that influence food security...

Malaria in Uganda: Improved Outcomes when the Health Sector Joins Forces with Agriculture

"Malaria outcomes are closely related to agricultural settings. How, when and where crops are grown, livestock is raised and irrigation is developed all affect malaria rates in a given local area. Moreover, evaluations of health-only focused interventions suggest that while these interventions produce dramatic declines in infection, morbidity, and mortality, the declines are not sufficient...

The Child Health Implications of Privatizing Africa's Urban Water Supply

"Identifying policies which can improve water sector management is critically important given the global burden of water-related disease. Each year, 1 in 10 child deaths—roughly 800,000 in total—is the direct result of diarrhea. Can private-sector participation (PSP) in the urban piped water sector improve child health? The author uses child-level data from 39 African countries during 1986–...

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