International Crisis Group (ICG)

The International Crisis Group is generally recognized as the world’s leading independent, non-partisan, source of analysis and advice to governments, and intergovernmental bodies like the United Nations, European Union and World Bank, on the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. http://www.crisisgroup.org/en.aspx

Library Articles

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

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Published: 2017
Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a result of a seven-year-old insurgency by Boko Haram, an Islamist militant group, which provoked forced displacement as well as massive infrastructure...

Nigeria : Women and the Boko Haram Insurgency

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Published: 2016
The experiences of women and girls in the North East are analyzed in this report, in order to inform interventions to better alleviate their suffering, facilitate their contribution to lasting peace and mitigate the threat from female Boko Haram members. Patriarchal norms are examined, which the sect exploited to attract recruits and tracks the diverse, changing female roles, as valuable...

Burkina Faso: Preserving the Religious Balance

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Published: 2016
This report focuses on the discussion about relations between the state and religions, between the different religious communities and the tensions within these groups in Burkina. The report shows that Burkina’s model of peaceful coexistence remains strong and that countries faced with religious tensions or at risk of facing such tensions can learn from Burkina’s example. However, Burkina’s...

Kenya’s Coast: Devolution Disappointed

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Published: 2016
The enormous public expectations which was raised by the devolved government on Kenya’s coast have turned into disappointment. Patronage politics that marked the former centralized system has been replicated in the new counties, making government even more inefficient and expensive. Power is closely held, though political leadership is now local and leaders are suspicious of both national and...

Central Mali: An Uprising in the Making?

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Published: 2016
This report analyses the dynamics behind the extension of the areas of insecurity in central Mali and describes the groups that are responsible for this development. The centre of the country is dominated by the Inner Niger Delta, a territory subject to flooding which is particularly fertile and therefore coveted; the land is shared by farmers and herders. This report focuses on the areas most...

Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform

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Published: 2016
Nigeria’s military, once among Africa’s strongest and a mainstay of regional peacekeeping, it has become a flawed force. The initially heavy-handed, slow response to the Islamist Boko Haram insurgency raised serious concerns, and its human rights record underscores a grave disconnect with civilians. President Muhammadu Buhari has taken some steps to reverse the decline and has recorded...

South Sudan's South : Conflict in the Equatoria's

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Published: 2016
Following Riek Machar’s return to Juba in April and the formation of a transitional government, marked the most significant milestone of the August 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) that ended the twenty-month civil war. Though, the ARCSS, designed to address a war primarily fought between the government and the Sudan People’s Liberation...

Burundi : Anatomie du Troisième Mandat / Burundi: A Dangerous Third Term

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Published: 2016
A year after the start of the crisis triggered by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to run for a third term, the situation remains critical. The radicalisation of the regime, which had been steadily increasing since the second post-conflict elections in 2010 and intensified by tensions over the third term in 2015, has seen the rise of the most hard-line leaders of the ruling party. These...

Boko Haram on the Back Foot ?

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Published: 2016
The Lake Chad states should not too quickly proclaim “mission accomplished”, though the military response to Boko Haram has become more cogent. Even if they are forced to abandon their guerrilla war, or are made to abandon all territorial pretensions in Nigeria’s north east and the Lake Chad area, some Boko Haram militants at least are likely to seek to continue their insurgency in some form,...

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa

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Published: 2016
Three case studies discussed in this document, illustrated ECOWAS’s interventions in crisis situations during the last fifteen years and prompt a series of observations. Firstly, this particularly troubled region is marked by a succession and juxtaposition of crises and conflicts of variable intensity in most member countries. Secondly, both on the political and diplomatic fronts, the...

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