Institute for Security Studies

The ISS was founded in 1991 as the Institute for Defence Policy by the current Executive Director, Dr Jakkie Cilliers, together with Mr PB Mertz. The Institute’s head office is in Pretoria, South Africa. Regional ISS offices are located in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Dakar (Senegal) and Nairobi (Kenya). http://www.issafrica.org

Library Articles

Turning Vision into Reality : Namibia's long term Development Outlook

Published: 2015
This paper uses the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system, which first presents a plausible long-term population forecast for Namibia. This forecast is then used to assess key targets from the National Development Plan (NDP4) and Vision 2030, Namibia’s long-term development strategy. Three scenarios is plotted in this paper, in order to chart Namibia’s potential progress. Under the...

Survive and Advance The Economics of Smuggling Refugees and Migrants into Europe

An unprecedented number of refugees and migrants have been driven to Europe due to violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality. Those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and opportunistic smuggling industry. Sustainable profits made by this industry have allowed transnational networks to develop where they previously did...

The Zimbabwe Torture Docket Decision and Proactive Complementarity

Published: 2015
"The decision of a landmark case heard in the South African Constitutional Court means there is an obligation for states to complement the work of the International Criminal Court – extending the court’s influence in prosecuting serious crimes of international concern in states where it does not have jurisdiction under the Rome Statute. The court found that the South African security...

Violent Islamist Extremism and Terror in Africa

An overview of large-scale violence by Islamist extremists in key African countries, is presented in this paper. The paper seeks an overview of the evolution of the associated terrorism through quantitative and contextual analysis using various large data sets. The focus is on the development and links among countries experiencing the worst of this phenomenon, especially Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia,...

Future (im)perfect? Mapping Conflict, Violence and Extremism in Africa

To build accountable, capable governments that can deliver security and inclusive growth, is the central challenge for Sub-Saharan Africa. Research into the drivers, trends and characteristics of violence in Africa may help achieve these goals. This paper firstly presents global and African trends in armed conflict since 1960, while looking at armed conflict within the broader context of...

Enhancing Maritime Domain Awareness in Africa

Published: 2015
Despite numerous crimes and threats that occurred in the African maritime domain, there is also great potential for prosperity. By implementing strategies on continental, regional and national levels African states are positioning themselves to benefit from the oceans and seas. These states should support a culture of information-sharing, since this represents one of the most important ways of...

Somaliland at the Crossroads Protecting a Fragile Stability

Published: 2015
The first section of this report examines Somaliland’s political landscape ahead of the next presidential elections. It is looking at weaknesses in the political system and potential areas of instability. Most pressing is the territory’s failure to organize timeous elections – both for its parliament, which has been sitting unchanged since 2005, and for its presidency. Presidential elections...

Happily ever after How UN Member States can Ensure Sustainable Peace

A number of peacebuilding recommendations were made in this report, aimed at different entities across the UN system, including through the three components of the UNPBA – namely the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) and Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) – and through other structures such as the General Assembly, Security Council and the Economic and Social Council (...

Preventing Conflict in Central Africa ECCAS caught Between Ambitions, Challenges and Reality

Published: 2015
The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) has a long way to go in preventing regional crises. Many challenges remain in making the infrastructure (especially the Central African Early Warning Mechanism and the Central African Multinational Force) operational and effective, and there is a gap between ambition and reality. These obstacles and challenges include ECCAS’ highly...

Is Côte d’Ivoire Facing Religious Radicalism?

Published: 2015
Religious radicalism in Côte d’Ivoire has not, for the moment, reached the scale seen elsewhere in the region. However, the country is not immune to the phenomenon. One example is the influence that Pentecostalists had on the hardline posture adopted by the former regime of Laurent Gbagbo during the 2010-11 post-electoral crisis. The existence of a Wahhabi Islam current in the country, together...

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