Institute for Security Studies

The ISS was founded in 1991 as the Institute for Defence Policy by the current Executive Director, Dr Jakkie Cilliers, together with Mr PB Mertz. The Institute’s head office is in Pretoria, South Africa. Regional ISS offices are located in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Dakar (Senegal) and Nairobi (Kenya). http://www.issafrica.org

Library Articles

Power and Influence in Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa

The next 25 years of the changing power capabilities of Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa (the ‘Big Five’) are being explored in this paper. Of these countries, Ethiopia and Nigeria are forecast to increase their power capabilities, whereas Algeria, Egypt and South Africa are expected to stagnate or decline. Of the Big Five, two currently punch above their weight – one that is...

Sahel Strategies : Why Coordination is Imperative

"The starting point for the significant mobilisation among the international community to deal with the political, security and humanitarian situation in the Sahel has often been the production of policy papers known as ‘Sahel strategies’. These strategies and initiatives, many of which were drawn up in the wake of the crises in Libya and Mali, establish a direct link between security and...

South African Economic Diplomacy Engaging the Private Sector and Parastatals

An effective economic-diplomacy policy requires cooperation between the government and the private sector. This has been acknowledged by the South African Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO) in its White Paper on foreign policy. However, state-business relations in South Africa are characterised by high levels of mistrust and ad hoc engagements. Therefore it is...

Reasonable Goals for Reducing Poverty in Africa Targets for the Post-2015 MDGs and Agenda 2063

A key component in the post-2015 Millennium Development Goals process and the African Union’s Agenda 2063 is the eradication of extreme poverty. This paper uses the International Futures forecasting system to explore this goal. It was found that many African states are unlikely to make this target by 2030, even when modelling a package of aggressive poverty reduction interventions. In addition...

The 2013 General Elections in Kenya: The Integrity of the Electoral Process

The 2013 general elections in Kenya was followed by the comparative national elections project (CNEP) post election survey. One of the primary objectives was to generate data that could provide insights into the views and attitudes of Kenyan voters towards their political institutions and the 2013 general elections in particular. This policy brief is part of a series and focuses on the integrity...

Considering the Relevance of Peacebuilding within External Interventions in Africa

Published: 2015
The continued relevance of peacebuilding within external interventions in Africa is being questioned in this paper. The relevance of peacebuilding means not only dealing with the causes of conflicts passed, but also engaging with the harbingers of violence. These harbingers are the effects of inequality, prolonged through networks of obligation within patronage-based political systems that...

Voter Information in Kenya's 2013 Election News Media, Political Discussion and Party Campaigns

The primary objective of the Comparative National Election Project (CNEP) post election survey, held in Kenya – was to generate data that could provide insights into the views and attitudes of Kenyan voters about their political institutions and the 2013 general election in particular. This policy brief focuses on the information that was available to voters regarding the general election. The...

The AU’s Cybercrime Response A Positive Start, but Substantial Challenges ahead

Published: 2015
Increasingly the private sector, individuals and African governments rely on the Internet to conduct sensitive transactions and store important data. African states are lagging behind in strengthening cybersecurity and fighting cybercrime. Cyber criminals have recognised this vulnerability and are targeting the continent. After a lengthy process, the African Union (AU) recently responded to the...

Post Conflict Development : What South Africa can Achieve through SADC

Published: 2015
Regional economic communities (RECs) have become increasingly important players in implementing post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD) as levels of intra-state conflict rise in Africa. The role of regional economic communities was examined in this paper, in terms of how they can implement PCRD. The SADC and South Africa’s foreign policy regarding the continent is then explored. The...

Post-Conflict Development What South Africa Can Achieve Through SADC

Published: 2015
As levels of intra-state conflict rise in Africa, regional economic communities (RECs) have become increasingly important players in implementing post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD). For Sub-Saharan Africa, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is the REC that has primarily dealt with the region’s peace-and-security issues. But, to date, its PCRD activities have been...

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