Institute for Security Studies

The ISS was founded in 1991 as the Institute for Defence Policy by the current Executive Director, Dr Jakkie Cilliers, together with Mr PB Mertz. The Institute’s head office is in Pretoria, South Africa. Regional ISS offices are located in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Dakar (Senegal) and Nairobi (Kenya). http://www.issafrica.org

Library Articles

Fractured Peacebuilding in the Central African Republic Lessons for African Union Engagement

The Central African Republic (CAR) have experienced decades of fractured peace building processes. After the 2016 elections, the country can seize the opportunity to reach sustainable peace. This policy brief focused on the role played by the African Union in supporting CAR’s peace building and post-conflict reconstruction and development processes; and identifies ways for the continental body to...

Rainbow at Risk Improving South Africa's Prospects

Over many generations, South Africa has proved its resilience and the country should bar unforeseen events, also weather the turbulent years ahead. Its long-term growth prospects remain positive and, with the right confluence of leadership and a facilitating global growth environment, prospects could change for the better, and more rapidly than most expect. An inclusive economy needs to be build...

South African Scenarios 2024 : Politics, Violence and Growth in the Rainbow Nation

Three different political, economic and social scenarios is presented in this paper for South Africa until the year 2024. This is one of three publications on the future of South Africa released simultaneously by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) that include an analysis of governance, economics and stability in the rainbow nation and a summary of broad policy recommendations that draws on...

Economics, Governance and Instability in South Africa

This paper analyzes the economic and social underpinnings of rising political instability in South Africa such as poverty, unemployment and inequality. The analysis in this document indicates that the types of violence most feared by people, such as robbery and murder, have increased in South Africa in recent years. Additionally, a worrying picture is painted for the months ahead, with the...

Manufacturing Torture? South Africa’s Trade in Electric Shock Equipment

The trade in certain kinds of firearms and military equipment in South Africa, is controlled for reasons of safety and security. However, a perceived gap in legislation exists when it comes to the control of law enforcement equipment that can facilitate torture and ill treatment. Electric shock devices are examined in this brief, as an example of security equipment that needs stronger trade...

Compliance through Pain Electric Shock Equipment in South African Prisons

The authorization of various kinds of electric shock devices for use in South African prisons, are designed to enforce compliance through pain, incapacitation or fear of activation. However, their use has been associated with acts of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. This policy brief produces an overview of electric shock equipment and describes known harmful...

Tools of torture? Use of Electric Shock Equipment among African Police

Published: 2016
Torture occurs in many contexts and it is not an act that happens in isolation. There are several techniques and means by which pain and suffering are inflicted on suspects, convicted inmates and others deprived of their liberty. This policy brief highlights how African law-enforcement agencies or government security forces potentially misuse electric shock equipment in a way that contravenes...

Planning for Peace Lessons from Mozambique’s Peacebuilding Process

Within more than two decades since Mozambique’s civil war ended and its first multiparty elections were held, the country still faces persistent social, political, economical and developmental challenges. What have been some of the main drivers and threats to Mozambique’s peace? This paper examines the plans and processes that have been developed in the pursuit of national stability. It also...

At the Heart of Discontent Measuring Public Violence in South Africa

Published: 2016
Strike action and civilian protests have become increasingly commonplace in South Africa. Although several institutions collect data on various forms of protest, the available information varies in quality, reliability, coverage and accessibility. The objective of this project is to enhance the understanding of the nature and extent of all forms of public violence taking place across South...

Parched Prospects II - A Revised Long-Term Water Supply and Demand Forecast for South Africa

Published: 2016
With water withdrawals currently exceeding reliable supply, it is presumed that South Africa is over exploiting its water resources at the national level. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper forecasts that withdrawals in all three sectors (municipal, industrial and agricultural) will increase over the next 20 years. Proposed interventions for increasing supply and...

Pages