Institute for Security Studies

The ISS was founded in 1991 as the Institute for Defence Policy by the current Executive Director, Dr Jakkie Cilliers, together with Mr PB Mertz. The Institute’s head office is in Pretoria, South Africa. Regional ISS offices are located in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Dakar (Senegal) and Nairobi (Kenya). http://www.issafrica.org

Library Articles

Unlocking Africa’s Potential The Relationship between Effective Governance and Poverty

Extreme Poverty is defined by the World Bank as a ‘condition of life so characterized by malnutrition, illiteracy and disease as to be beneath any reasonable definition of human decency’. This paper addresses this issue and uses US$1.90 per person per day as the level of income necessary to maintain this minimum level of human decency.This paper compares the effects of three interventions on...

Envisioning a Healthy Future Africa’s Shifting Burden of Disease

The highest prevalence of communicable diseases in the world occurs in Africa. In 2015, more than three times as many people died from AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. More than ten times as many people died from malaria as in the rest of the world combined. Non-communicable diseases are also increasing on the continent. Africa’s current development trajectory will be investigated in this paper. It...

The Future of Democracy in Africa

Democracy in much of Africa is currently constrained from delivering on its development potential for three reasons. Firstly, governance capacity is lacking. Secondly, the quality of electoral democracy is thin. Finally, neo patrimonialism undermines electoral democracy in Africa. A forecast to 2070 quantifies the contribution that different levels of democracy would have on Africa’s economic and...

Zimbabwe’s Reforms An Exercise in Credibility – or Pretence?

Published: 2016
The reform ball have been firmly in ZANU-PF’s court for some time. The government has publicly committed itself to a reform process that is intended to help reconnect to international channels of credit and investment and an underlying confidence in the country’s potential to bounce back remains. These endeavours are supported by the international community, but convictions are being tested as...

The AU and the ICGLR in Burundi

The Burundi crisis - brought on by the president’s decision to run for a third term – was a significant test of regional and continental organizations’ ability to effectively intervene in African member states experiencing instability. Emerging as a key obstacle, was issues of coordination and cooperation across organizations, but it is the lack of political will of African states to sanction...

The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation Relevance to African states

On 24 November 2002, the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC) came into effect. It aimed to strengthen efforts to curb ballistic missile proliferation worldwide, thereby supplementing the Missile Technology Control Regime, which restricts access to technologies needed to develop such systems. Ballistic missiles are the favoured delivery vehicles for weapons of...

More than a Chip off the Block: Strengthening IGAD–AU Peacebuilding Linkages

Published: 2016
In principle, regional economic communities are an integral part of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). As demonstrated by the APSA Roadmap 2016 –2020, it shows that they are a vital element in larger global peacebuilding structures and processes. Collaboration in practice, is not that easy, often due to capacity constraints. This policy brief argues that to become more...

The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation Relevance to African states

On the 25th November 2002, the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC), came into effect. It aims to strengthen efforts to curb ballistic missile proliferation worldwide, thereby supplementing the Missile Technology Control Regime. This restricts access to technologies needed to develop such systems. Ballistic missiles are the favoured delivery vehicles for weapons...

More than a Chip off the Block Strengthening IGAD–AU Peacebuilding Linkages

Published: 2016
Regional economic communities are, in principal, an integral part of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), as demonstrated by the APSA Roadmap 2016–2020, and a vital element in larger global peacebuilding structures and processes. However, collaboration is not that easy in practice, often due to capacity constraints. In this policy brief, it is argued that in order to become more...

Mali's Young ‘Jihadists’ Fuelled by Faith or Circumstance?

Young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed as unemployed, idle and fanatical . There is however little empirical data to support this characterization. Little research has been done in the Malian context where the young people involved in these groups have been interviewed directly, to assess the role that both religion and unemployment play in the emergence of...

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