Institute for Justice and Reconciliation (IJR)

The Institute for Justice and Reconciliation was launched in 2000 in the aftermath of South Africa´s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The aim was to ensure that lessons learned in the transition from apartheid to democracy were taken into account as the nation moved ahead. Today, the Institute helps to build fair, democratic and inclusive societies in Africa through carefully selected engagements and interventions. http://www.ijr.org.za/index.php

Library Articles

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

While various preconditions exist for the emergence and spread of violent extremist organizations into CAR, it remains difficult to determine if the country will experience an emergence of local cells connected to wider transnational or global terrorist networks. However, there are a number of catalytic factors which may greatly encourage this development. Firstly, it would include a marked...

The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying out attacks in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. Over the past year, under President Buhari, an overhaul of Nigeria’s counter-insurgency strategy and improved...

The Burundi Political Crisis: Strategies for Resisting the War Entrepreneurs

The attention of the world was captured by the political crisis which unfolded in Burundi in 2015, following the controversial re-election of President Nkurunziza for a third term in office. Local and international news headlines quickly raised the spectre of an unfolding ‘genocide’. World leaders, such as Samantha Power, the United States Ambassador to the United Nations (UN), and Louis Michel,...

Perceptions of Economic Security and Well-Being

It was reported - In the first set of results that were released from the 2015 South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) Survey - that more than two thirds of respondents felt that they have little to no trust in South Africans of racial groups other than their own. Furthermore, the survey found that a majority of respondents identified the gap between rich and poor as the most divisive...

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seeking to address the social and political ‘root causes’ of violent extremism, has gained particular prominence in Kenya. This report reviews current...

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed innocent women and girls falling prey to rape, sexual slavery and genital mutilation. This Policy Brief assesses the AU’s policy framework relating to the...

Regional Reconciliation in Africa: Policy Recommendations for Cross Border Transitional Justice

The content of this Policy Brief comprises the aforementioned DIRCO-IJR Policy Workshop, and it discusses the strategies that governmental, inter-governmental and civil society institutions can adopt and implement to more effectively promote and consolidate regional reconciliation in Africa. The Policy Brief argues that reconciliation can in fact be operationalised across borders – in other...

Restive Jonglei From the Conflict's Roots to Reconciliation

"This working paper analyses the roots of the conflict in Jonglei state and the role of ethnic divisions in perpetuating the conflict, and interrogates the 2012 Jonglei peace processes to determine effective pathways towards authentic and sustainable reconciliation in restive Jonglei. An inductive mixed approach was used to conduct this research, which included an extensive qualitative...

"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and the challenges of repatriations and land claims. It then outlines some of the difficulties of the present land dispute resolution mechanisms. In...

Opportunities for Gender Justice and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"This Policy Brief explores the nexus of gender justice and reconciliation in South Sudan. It addresses women’s historical engagement in reconciliation processes in South Sudan at the grassroots and national levels and highlights their achievements to date. It then discusses the challenges to inclusion South Sudanese women face, as well as current opportunities to achieve true reconciliation...

Pages