Initiative Prospective Agricole et Rurale (IPAR)

IPAR is Francophone research institute that focuses on proposals for agricultural and rural policy making in Senegal and the West African region.The initiative was founded in 2005 by specialists in agriculture who were interested in creating permanent spaces for foresight and strategic thinking. The current staff and Executive Directorate of the IPAR consist of a multidisciplinary team of sociologists, economists and agronomists. http://www.ipar.sn/spip.php

Library Articles

L’Etat ne Peut plus Continuer à Contourner la Réforme Foncière / The State can no Longer Continue to Work Around the Land Reform

By:
Published: 2009
"In Senegal, only 65% of arable land are operated at the time when the country is facing a true puzzling food problem. Faced with this situation, the reform of the national domain law remains a pathway of hope if the land are not sold to agro-businessmen. The arable land rush is not ready to fade. The core issue that arose, noted by sociologist Cheikh Oumar Ba, acting Secretary of the rural...

Goana qui Soulève des Tempêtes La Grande Offensive Dont on Rêva / Goana Who Raises Storms The Great Offensive of Which one Dreams

"To end the food crisis, the president of Senegal has launched an ambitious programme of agricultural production, called the great agricultural offensive for food and abundance(Goana), which even earned him an award from the University of Gembloux, Belgium.However, does this program, which is the subject of intense controversy in Senegal itself, resemble a genuine agricultural policy? / Pour...

Analyse des Plans d’Investissements Agricoles les cas du Senegal, du Mali et de la CEDEAO / Analysis of Agricultural Investments the Cases of Senegal, Mali and the CEDEAO (ECOWAS)

"The Economic Community of West African States (CEDEAO) and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development(NEPAD) have implemented ECOWAP (Agricultural Policy of the Economic Community of West African States) / PDDAA (Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme) to assist governments in defining their national investment plans. The objective is to encourage governments to shift from...

Il Faut Vite Transformer L'Agriculture Africaine / The Necessity to Quickly Change African Agriculture

"Jacques Faye was the rural sociologist and former Director of the Senegalese Agricultural Research Institute (Isra). In his opinion, dealing with environmental problems and predicting ongoing and increasing agricultural prices on the world markets, there is a need to transform and modernize African agriculture by what he calls, a "Green Revolution". This revolution would be...

En Conférence à l’Endss : La Goana va Conduire à une Révolte Paysanne, prédit Jacques Faye / Conference at the Endss: the Goana Will Lead to a Peasant Revolt, Jacques Faye Predicts

"By taking a 1,000ha of land in each rural community, the Goana Plan may deprive the peasants. The latter statement, according to Jacques Faye, former Director of the Senegalese Agricultural Research Institute (Isra), will not be allowed. Revolt then incubates in the rural world. The public conference, hosted this weekend by "le Club Emergence citoyenne" - Tekki Movement at the...

Dimensions Structurelles de la Libéralisation pour l’Agriculture et le Développent Rural Programme Rural Struc - Phase I / Structural Dimensions of Liberalization for Agriculture and Rural Development Programme - Phase I

"The main finding of our study is that despite the development of highly effective strategies, tailored to the unfavorable climatic conditions, scarcity of land and difficult access to markets, farmers and the agricultural economy are at an impasse. We will consider the impasse in terms of the five main purposes of agriculture, which are: 1)Providing income to farmers, Senegal’s agriculture...

Influencer les Politiques Publiques : L’Expérience des OP du Sénégal / Influencing Public Policies : The Experience of Senegalese Producer Organizations

Agricultural producer organizatios have two main tasks: (i) provision of services to their members – which is the rationale of agricultural cooperatives - meeting within the National Union of Agricultural Cooperatives in Senegal (UNCAS) who organize the primary collection of the production of their members and the supply of agricultural inputs on credit. This is the case of many mutual savings...

Ruralstruc Sénégal Note Conditions de Réalisation et Méthodologie / Ruralstruc Senegal Implementation and Fulfillment of Conditions and Methodology

By:
Published: 2006
"The Ruralstruc program is a program of study and international research on the structural changes of rural economies in the globalization introduced by the World Bank, French cooperation and IFAD. It covers seven countries: Senegal, Mali, Kenya, Madagascar, Mexico and Nicaragua. In Senegal, the programme has also benefited from the support of Swiss cooperation. It has been implemented by...

Pauvrete et Differenciation des Ménages Ruraux / Poverty and Differentiation of Rural Households

By:
Published: 2006
"To better understand the situation of rural households, hitherto insufficiently documented and the consequences of multiple changes in their agro-ecological and economic environment, the second phase of the RuralStruc program has conducted investigations for the crop year 2008/09 from a thousand rural households in the Delta, North of the groundnut basin (CNBA) Centre, and South East of the...

Plan D'Action Foncier du Senegal / Senegal Land Action Plan

"This report is the final phase of the work of drafting the Land Action Plan. Senegal's economy has experienced since independence several evolutionary phases marked by significant and sensitive and uneven variations of structural change performance levels across sectors. Economic performance has been affected (periodically or permanently) by various exogenous factors, political-...

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