Initiative Prospective Agricole et Rurale (IPAR)

IPAR is Francophone research institute that focuses on proposals for agricultural and rural policy making in Senegal and the West African region.The initiative was founded in 2005 by specialists in agriculture who were interested in creating permanent spaces for foresight and strategic thinking. The current staff and Executive Directorate of the IPAR consist of a multidisciplinary team of sociologists, economists and agronomists. http://www.ipar.sn/spip.php

Library Articles

Villages en Exil / Villages in Exile

By:
Published: 2013
"Senegal was particularly affected by the soaring of food prices in 2008. Currently it is now the country in Sub Saharan Africa that is most dependent for imports of rice, wheat and milk. After the independence of the country in 1960, the State has not questioned the choice to import Asian rice to feed urban populations for the benefit of the cultivation of peanuts for the export of refined...

Quand les Redécoupages Administratifs Menacent la Gestion Durable des Ressources Naturelles Le Delta de la Somone au Sénégal / When Administrative Redistricting is Threatening the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources: The Somone Delta, Senegal

"Prior to 2008, four villages, including Somone, formed part of the rural community of Sindia. These villages were all involved in the running of the community managed nature reserve of La Somone (RNICS) and shared in the revenue generated thereby. This changed when Somone was upgraded from village to commune in 2008, following a campaign that was never truly unanimously supported. The new...

Les Relations de Genre à Propos du Sel au Gandiole Une Histoire d’exploitantes exploitées / The Gender Relations about Salt at the Gandiole a History of Exploited Women Operators

"In the delta of the Senegal river, the rural community of Ndiebene is characterised by marshes which are used for the mining of salt – a resource of great economic, social and cultural importance. While salt mining in the area has essentially become feminised, control of access to natural salt reserves (specifically the Ndianiw pool) and the prescription of mining and redistribution...

Les Comités Villageois dans la Communauté Rurale de Dionewar Entre contrôle des ressources naturelles, capture du pouvoir public local et de la rente développementaliste / The Village Committees in Rural Community of Dionewar Between control of Natural Resources, the Capture of the Local Public Authority and Developmental Rent

"In the Rural Community of Dionewar, natural resources (forestry and halieutic) were used for subsistence issues but their globalization led to i) more attraction for state-based services and development projects, and to ii) an increase of market opportunities. If regulations were informal and transmitted by moral principles and customary consensus, development project interventions and...

Comment Faire du POAS un Outil d’aide à la Décision pour une Gestion Concertée de l’Espace Rural ? Analyse à Partir du cas de Ndiébène Gandiole, Sénégal / How to Make the POAS a Support Tool for Concerted Decision Management for Rural Areas? From the Analysis of the Ndiébène Gandiole Case, Senegal

"The Senegalese Land Use and Allocation Plan (POAS) was first implemented in the 1990s, and is now widely implemented throughout Senegal, particularly in the rural community of Ndiébène Gandiole, despite no objective evaluation having been undertaken. It is argued that in order for the POAS to prove effective as a form of collaborative rural land management, operators must be in a position...

Gestion Communautaire Durable et Décisions Nationales d’aménagement Administratif et Territorial Le Cas de la Réserve Communautaire : la Somone / Sustainable Community Planning and Administrative and Territorial Decisions The Case of the National Community Reserve Management : Somone

"The pilot project aimed at the collaborative and decentralised management of the community managed nature reserve of La Somone (RNICS) could, in light of its achievements (economic, ecological, and social), serve as a model to be replicated throughout the country. The prevalence of party politics, particularly with regards to the reality on the ground and the physical limitations of the...

Les Relations de Genre à Propos du Sel au Gandiole Une histoire d’exploitantes exploitées / Gender Relations and Salt in Gandiole

"The rural community of Ndiébène Gandiole at the mouth of the Senegal river, is characterized by the presence of marshes which are mined for salt – a resource of great economic, social and cultural importance. While salt mining in the area has essentially become feminised, control of access to natural salt reserves (specifically the Ndianiw pool) and the prescription of mining and...

SNDES Strategie Nationale de Developpement Economique et Social 2013-2017 / SNDES National Strategy In Economic and Social Development 2013 - 2017

By:
Published: 2012
"The revised DPES became National Strategy for Social and Economic Development, 2013-2017, and was developed through a participatory process at both central and decentralized level. This document looks like this: Section I provides a profile of growth, poverty and inequality and traces the challenges it brings. Strategy is described in Chapter II, through the long-term, strategic and...

Les Propositions Paysannes Pour une Réforme Foncière Senegalaise Garante d'un Developpement Agricole et Rurale Durable au Senegal / Proposals for Farmers Land Reform in Senegal - Guaranteeing Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development

By:
Published: 2012
"The modernisation of our agriculture cannot be based on the agricultural entrepreneurship which is capital-based development. The exploitable land for agriculture in the broadest sense are, mostly occupied and operated by farmer families nationally. Therefore, it is difficult to justify a reform which would take place at the expense of those who operate or manage most of the farmland in the...

Impact des Investissements Agricoles Italiens dans les Biocarburants au Sénégal / Italian Agricultural Investments in Biofuels and their Impact on Senegal

By:
Published: 2012
"The global energy crisis and the ineffectiveness of national responses have prompted Senegal to diversify its energy sources, with the Government passing the Biofuels Act in order to create favourable conditions for the development of this sector. The Senegalese Government also launched a special program to encourage the production of jatropha as a way of reducing the country's energy-...

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