Initiative Prospective Agricole et Rurale (IPAR)

IPAR is Francophone research institute that focuses on proposals for agricultural and rural policy making in Senegal and the West African region.The initiative was founded in 2005 by specialists in agriculture who were interested in creating permanent spaces for foresight and strategic thinking. The current staff and Executive Directorate of the IPAR consist of a multidisciplinary team of sociologists, economists and agronomists. http://www.ipar.sn/spip.php

Library Articles

Etat des Lieux de la Problematique du Foncier Pastoral au Senegal / An Assessment of the Problems with Pastoral Land in Senegal

The participation of pastoralists in discussions on the scope and content of the pastoral code allowed farmers' organizations to better perceive the inadequacies contained in the draft that has been developed. It is now for farmers' organizations to enhance efforts to claim the consideration of proposals for improvements that have been made ​​at the eighth edition of the annual cross-...

L'Analyse Critique des Differentes Etudes Produites par le Gouvernement, les Acteurs non Etatiques et les Partenaires au Developpement sur le Foncier et Portant sur la Place Reservee aux Droits Collectifs Fonciers /Critical Analysis of the Various Studies Produced by the Government, non-State Actors and Partners in Development on Land on the Place Reserved for Collective Land Rights

The primary purpose of these studies is mainly to document situations and realities to enable the implementation of public projects and development programs. But still, the inclusion of collective rights now become essential and a responsibility on the part of public authorities. Civil society has an important role to play in this sense in order to awaken citizens and recall the commitments of...

Note sur la Gouvernance Fonciere a l'Aune de la Nouvelle Politique de Decentralisation et d'Amenagement du Territoire au Senegal / Note on Land Governance Against the New Policy of Decentralization and the Organization of the Senegalese Territory

The rural economy is based on the revenues from natural resources. The population of rural communities exercise customary land rights. Therefore, any reform that seeks to question this deal will be subject to disapproval from the local people as was the case with the law on the national field. Thus, any decentralization policy should unfailingly incorporate, to be beneficial, the spatial...

Notre d'Orientation sur l'Importance de la Prise en Compte des Droits Fonciers Communautaires dans le Processus de Reforme Fonciere / Orientation and Guidance on the Importance of the Inclusion of Community Land Rights in the Land Reform Process

One cannot deny the existence of a land generalized malaise, born of a conflict of logic between modernized land rights (granted by the state) essentially of individual nature and traditional rights (often self granted by the farmer) essentially collective or community type. How to preserve certain interests, particularly those groups who, legally or not (in the eyes of positive law) occupy the...

Cadre d'Analyse de la Gouvernance Fonciere au Senegal - Module sur la Gouvernance Forestiere / Framework for the Analysis of Land Governance in Senegal - Module on the Forest Governance

The CAGF is an analysis and diagnostic tool which assesses the status of a country's land governance and therefore also the policies and land use practices. It is a participatory process relying systematically on local know-how and existing data. Senegal initially concentrated the CAGF analyses around twenty-one land governance (IGF) indicators grouped into five major panels or themes...

Recherche-action sur les Moyens de Subsistance des Agriculteurs et les Options d’Intervention de Global Water Initiative - Barrages de Niandouba et Confluent (Anambé) – SENEGAL/ Action Research Project on Farmers' Livelihoods and Intervention Options by Global Water Initiative - Dams of Niandouba and Confluence (Anambé) - SENEGAL

The objective of this research project is to develop a common understanding of the aspirations of the different categories of farmers and the constraints imposed on the sustainable livelihoods and productivity around the Niandouba/Confluence dams (Senegal) in the current and emerging political and institutional context, and identify options for engagement and targeted interventions by the GWI....

Cadre d’Analyse de la Gouvernance Foncière au Sénégal (CAGF) / Analytical Framework for Land Management in Senegal (CAGF)

"The analytical framework for land management (CAGF) is a diagnostic tool that allows for the assessment of a country’s land management policies. The CAGF is a participatory process that was implemented in Senegal in October 2012 and that is expected to run until June 2013, concluding with a workshop at which its results and findings will be presented to policymakers. The CAGF systematically...

Migrations et Diversification des Activités Economiques locales : étude du Bassin Arachidier du Sénégal / Migration and Diversification of Local Economic Activities : Study of the Groundnut Basin in Senegal

"In this article, we are interested in the diversification of activities in the broad sense, by showing that it occupies an increasingly important place in the income of rural households in the groundnut basin of Senegal. We have distinguished two types of diversification: migration, on the one hand and the non-agricultural, local activities on the other. The transfers from the migration may...

Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Farmers in Nioro du Rip, Senegal : An Integrated Assessment

"This study has shown that farmers in Nioro du Rip, Senegal, would experience declines in their net farm returns and per capita income if no adaptation strategies are implemented. Although few farms would benefit from climate change impact, the overall picture is somewhat gloomy. It is therefore worthwhile to investigate the impact of adaptations strategies that could minimize these adverse...

An Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Crop Production in the Nioro du Rip Basin of Senegal I: Crop Modelling

"This study has shown that lower projected future rainfall regimes in Nioro du Rip Basin would adversely affect crop productivity. The use of base technology (i.e. current crop varieties) most often resulted in lower yield under future climate. The introduction of the changed technology (improved variety) will significantly reduce the climate change effect."

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