Initiative Prospective Agricole et Rurale (IPAR)

IPAR is Francophone research institute that focuses on proposals for agricultural and rural policy making in Senegal and the West African region.The initiative was founded in 2005 by specialists in agriculture who were interested in creating permanent spaces for foresight and strategic thinking. The current staff and Executive Directorate of the IPAR consist of a multidisciplinary team of sociologists, economists and agronomists. http://www.ipar.sn/spip.php

Library Articles

Ameliorer la Gouvernance Forestiere au Senegal : Enjeux Actuels et Perspectives / Improving the Governance of Forestry in Senegal: Current Issues and Prospects

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Published: 2015
Combined reflections that are developed as part of the National Commission for Land Reform offer the opportunity to conduct in-depth discussions on the challenges to improve forest governance. These preliminary assessments and adjacent reflections allow for a series of recommendations to the attention of stakeholders in forest governance in Senegal, including the central government, local...

De la Necessite d'Élaborer une Politique Fonciere: Points de Vue des Acteurs Non Gouvernementaux (Ang) Sur les Enjeux d'une Reforme Fonciere au Senegal / The Necessity to Formulate a Land Policy: Views of Non Governmental Actors on Issues of Land Reform in Senegal

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Published: 2015
The main objective of this study is to assess qualitatively and quantitatively, potential contributions of the diaspora in the overall strategy development of Cameroon and the legitimate expectations of the diaspora to create frameworks for dialogue and cooperation with the homeland. The testimonies collected from the civil society actors indicate that their intervention helped to put the debate...

Subventions des Intrants Agricoles au Sénégal : Controverses et Réalités Rapport Annuel sur l’état de l’Agriculture et du Monde Rural au Sénégal / Input Farming Subsidies in Senegal: Controversies and Realities 2015 Annual Report on the State of Agriculture and Rural Areas in Senegal

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Published: 2015
This report on the state of agriculture and rural areas in Senegal, aims to initiate a public debate backed by quality research. Through peaceful dialogue, this is to contribute continuous improvement of public policies in the agricultural and rural sector. Its realization has received multifaceted support and this also supports all categories of actors that are concerned about the opening of...

Une Revue Critique de la Position des Acteurs sur la Réforme Foncière au Sénégal /A Critical Review of the Position of the Actors on Land Reform in Senegal

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Published: 2015
In Senegal, like the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, the land question includes various issues and engages multiple actors: i.e. government, non-state actors (NGOs and farmers' organizations), local authorities, bilateral and multilateral partners, the private sector, think tanks and local communities. It is unanimously recognized that the land management has challenges that transcend eras,...

Prendre en Compte les Droits Collectifs Pastoraux dans la Reforme Fonciere au Senegal / Acknowledgement of the Pastoral Collective Rights in the Land Reform Process in Senegal

The purpose of this paper is to review the policy and legal framework related to pastoral activities, to define the stakes of the articulation between land governance and pastoralism, and to formulate recommendations to policymakers, in particular to the National Land Reform Commission. / L’objet de la présente note est d’examiner le cadre politique et légal liés aux activités pastorales, de...

Prendre en Compte les Droits Fonciers Collectifs dans la Reforme Fonciere au Senegal / Acknowledging Collective Land Rights in the Land Reform Process in Senegal

The introduction stated : When our country becomes a vast ocean of fenced and closed land, industrial-agricultural concessions, national parks and forest reserves, we will become foreigners on the land of our ancestors. In other words, we will have no more land for current or future generations. These premonitory statements of a civil society actor sound like a warning to be taken into...

Décentralisation et Réforme Foncière au Sénégal / Decentralization and Land Reform in Senegal

This Note is organized around the assumption that the completion point of decentralization reform in Senegal must be the establishment and operation of strong sub-national institutions with subsidiary powers. It is expected that such institutions will provide local legal and administrative impetus for the recognition and securing of individual and collective land rights. Each territorial scale of...

L’Engagement de Maputo : le Mot d’Ordre a-t-il été Respecté? / The Maputo Commitment : Has the Watchword been Respected?

"In the early 2000s, in a context of growing food insecurity, African States committed themselves to increase their efforts for agriculture, aware of the importance of this sector in economic development, the fight against poverty and the improvement of food security. To give substance to this commitment, the heads of State of African countries launched in 2003 the program Detailed...

Identification des Possibilités d’appui aux Filières de Commercialisation Porteuses / Identifying Opportunities to Support Promising Marketing Channels

The study of identifying opportunities to support the promising business sectors fits in the process of preparation of the 11th EDF interventions in Senegal. In accordance with the terms of reference, this study was conducted in two phases, each phase concluding with the preparation of a report for work performed. Phase 1 of the study permitted the analyzing of the main characteristics, the...

Diversité et Dynamique des Agricultures Ouest-Africaines: Illustrations Concrètes des Mutations en Course/ Diversity and Dynamics of West African Agriculture: Concrete Illustrations of the Ongoing Changes

This paper develops five case studies to illustrate the diversity of West African agriculture and the changes they undergo, or cause: The first three cases are centered on the department of Dagana Senegal. They show how, in a relatively small geographical area, the agro-ecological conditions, as well as the nature and intensity of public investment can induce trajectories and very different ways...

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