The Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) is a multi-stakeholder, multi-national policy network that supports the development and implementation of better food, agriculture and national resources (FANR) policies in Africa. Its members include universities, research institutes, the business sector, farmer groups and other civil society organisations that have a stake in FANR policies.

Library Articles

Taxation for Weather Based Index Insurance in Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2016
"A major potential area for support for agriculture insurance for small-scale farmers has been premium subsidies from the government. However, premium subsidy decisions are difficult to make for governments in developing countries, particularly given budget constraints. A relatively low-cost and more effective alternative to direct premium subsidies can be tax-waivers. This policy brief...

Weather Based Index Insurance Technical Challenges and Opportunities

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2016
"Weather based index insurance (WII), along with other types of agriculture insurance products, has the potential to be used as an efficient risk management tool for farmers and other players in the agriculture value-chain in developing countries. Many challenges exist with WII and these include among others, technical, operational and market environment related challenges. Many technical...

Operational & Regulatory Strategies for Weather-based Index Insurance

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2016
"Smallholder farmers are constantly faced with weather risks, which define good and/or bad production years. With the majority of the labour force on the continent engaged in the agricultural sector, insurance has emerged as a critical gap in the value chain. Like all entrepreneurs, farmers make decisions in risky and uncertain environments. However, in contrast to most entrepreneurs,...

Climate Change Financing in Kenya

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2015
To date, Kenya has relied on various sources of climate finance, including international public and private sources, domestic public and private sources and carbon finance. Kenya's international climate finance landscape is very fragmented and has resulted in high transaction costs. Public sources of international finance come from bilateral development partners and multilateral agencies....

Scaling-up Promising Post-Harvest Technologies by Implementing Cost-Effective Policy Actions in the National Agricultural Policy Framework (PSRSA) in Benin

The level of PHLs in Sub-Saharan Africa is comparable to a devastating disease. Although PHLs are compromising farmers' food security and development, most of them pay little attention to the phenomenon. This policy brief will highlight the importance of PHLs and the main constraints to the adoption of PHM technologies followed by a discussion on scaling-up promising technologies....

Evidence to Support Climate Change Adaptation in Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland

"In southern Africa, the predicted 2°C rise in temperature will destabilize farming systems. Coping mechanisms, livelihood strategies and the cost of adaptation options for smallholder farmers are not sufficiently understood in the region because the majority of research is focused on ecological assessment and identifying the vulnerability of households. In addition, most research is...

Institutional Arrangements and Policy Environment for Managing Climatic Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Climate Disaster Prone Areas Synthesis Report

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2014
The report presents a synthesis of national studies from Madagascar, Malawi, South Africa and Zimbabwe to determine the institutional arrangements and policy environment for institutional arrangements for managing climatic risk for crop production and post-harvest handling in areas prone to climate disaster. One of the recommendations from the study is that SADC member countries should develop...

Towards a Specific Post-harvest Loss Management Policy and Strategy for Mozambique

This study consider ways to strengthen the capacity of smallholder farmers to engage in post-harvest management policy making processes in Mozambique. The policies and strategies approved by the government of Mozambique for the agricultural, industry, science and technology sectors refer to the importance of reducing post-harvest losses (PHL) as one of the major strategies for poverty alleviation...

Analysis of Existing Institutional Arrangements and the Policy Environment for Managing Risk Related to Crop Production and Post-harvest Handling in Climate Disaster areas, with Specific Reference to Smallholder Farming in South Africa

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2014
"This report covers crop production and post-harvest management policies that affect smallholder framers, with a special focus on climate change disasters. Relevant institutional arrangements are also reflected upon and the report concludes with recommendations directed at policy makers."

Analysis of Existing Institutional Arrangements and the Policy Environment for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-harvest Handling in Madagascar

Agriculture forms the livelihood of the overwhelming majority of Malagasy. The main staple crop is rice, occupying about two-thirds of all the available cropland. Malagasy agriculture is dependent mainly on small-scale subsistence farmers cultivating less than one hectare of land. The agricultural sector is now in crisis with decreased crop production due to a number of factors. These include a...