Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA)

The Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA) is a not for profit organization established in 1996 and based in Johannesburg, South Africa. EISA strives for excellence in the promotion of credible elections, participatory democracy, human rights culture, and the strengthening of governance institutions for the consolidation of democracy in Africa. http://www.eisa.org.za/

Library Articles

Two Decades of Election Observation by the African Union: A Review

This article discusses the various phases the African Union Election Observation Missions (AUEOMs) have passed through since participation by the Organization of African Unity OAU in the UN-led mission to monitor Namibia’s referendum in 1989. The focus on the historical analysis includes a close examination of the approaches, methods and lessons that can be drawn from the gradual but consistent...

Accountability, Contract Officers and the Integrity of the 2012 Election Outcome in Ghana

This paper presents a critical analysis of the 2012 election petition as an expression of dissatisfaction with the EC’s performance. The focus is on the role of temporary electoral officers in eroding public confidence in electoral processes, and draws attention to some implications of Ghana’s Supreme Court judgment on electoral administration in future. The author reason that at least in the...

"Bunker" Democracy and the Challenges of Sustaining Democratic Values in Nigeria - An Appraisal of the 2011 General Elections

This paper has two main focal points. First, it critically reviews Nigeria’s 2011 general elections vis-à-vis manifestations of violence, covering pre-election, election-day and post-election conflicts across all regions of the country. The second thrust has to do with the exploration of the nexus between violence and democracy, thereby bringing to the fore the concomitant impact of violence on...

A Comparative Case Study of the Voting Behaviour of Poor People in Three Selected South African Communities

This paper shares comparative data from a quantitative study which was undertaken in two selected poor communities during 2013 in Johannesburg (Riverlea and Doornkop) and a rural community in the Limpopo province in 2014. The two key factors that were explored, might explain voter preferences, namely identification and loyalty on the one hand, and on the other clientelism, social grants and vote-...

Electoral Predictions in Africa: Predicting Winners in Relatively Stable Two-Party Systems, using Early and Incomplete Results

There is a protracted and tense period between polling and the actual announcement of results in African elections. This intermission is, in the best cases, marked by hopeful candidates urging tense supporters to stay calm. In the worst cases, such periods are used by politicians to hurl accusations of fraud back and forth to work up partisanship and devalue electoral institutions. This paper...

Côte d'Ivoire's 2015 Presidential Election : A Sign of Democratic Progress?

Côte d’Ivoire’s 2015 presidential election, was the first since multiparty elections were introduced in 1990 in which all major parties were able to compete without triggering a civil war. This paper examines the extent of democratic progress registered by this milestone election. It focuses on three democratic qualities of elections: competition, participation, and legitimacy. Whereas...

Paradigm Shift: Youth Engagement in the Conduct of the 2015 Elections in Nigeria

This paper focuses on the engagement of youth in the conduct of the 2015 general elections in Nigeria, against a backdrop of historical experiences. The article illustrates a paradigm shift in youth engagement with regards to the conduct of elections, discounting the doom youth theory of youth bulge, youth in crisis or lumpen youth culture. Youth engagement in the 2015 elections was more...

Journal of African Elections Special Issue South Africa’s 2014 Elections

Susan Booysen looks at the ANC’s impact and the various challenges it confronted and focuses on how the spread of the organisation’s electoral support is changing as a result. Sithembele Mbethe ascribes the ANC’s continued decline against the formation of the Economic Freedom Fighters. She argues that the EFF’s relatively impressive performance shows the resonance of populism and that the party...

Handbook on Kenya's Electoral Laws and Systems: Highlights of the Electoral Laws and System established by and under the Constitution of Kenya 2010 and other Statutes

"The Handbook on Kenya’s Electoral Laws and System provides timely and invaluable one-stop reference to the electoral reforms recently undertaken in Kenya. By relating to international best practices, Conventions and special interest groups in elections, the Handbook is expected to broaden the reader’s understanding of election management and the institutionalization of democracy in Kenya...

Zambia Presidential, Parliamentary and Local Government Elections 20 September 2011

"The Principles for Election Management, Monitoring and Observation (PEMMO) were used as the basis for the election assessment by the EISA mission.At the time of the drafting of this statement, the tabulation and announcement of results were still in progress. Therefore, our conclusion on the conduct of these elections is restricted to the period of our observation up to this day, 22...

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