Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI)

CIGI is an independent, non-partisan think tank on international governance. Led by experienced practitioners and distinguished academics, CIGI supports research, forms networks, advances policy debate and generates ideas for multilateral governance improvements. Conducting an active agenda of research, events and publications, CIGI's interdisciplinary work includes collaboration with policy, business and academic communities around the world. http://www.cigionline.org/

Library Articles

Humanitarian Assistance and the Politics of Self-Reliance Uganda's Nakivale Refugee Settlement

"Increasingly, refugees residing in refugee camps are living in protracted situations for which there are no quick remedies. Existing attempts to address protracted situations for refugees engage with the concept and practices of the Self-reliance Strategy (SRS). This paper focuses on the SRS in Uganda’s Nakivale Refugee Settlement. It draws attention to its disconnection from the social and...

Conflict in Africa: Diagnosis and Response

"Responding to violent conflict begins with a diagnosis of what the conflict is about — what are the causes and triggers that transform a disagreement into an armed struggle. Behind the immediate reasons, however, there are often assumptions about the enabling conditions that underlie the conflict, and these assumptions provide the framework for the diagnosis. This paper reviews three of the...

The Local Livelihood Implications of Biofuel Development and Land Acquisitions in Zimbabwe

"In recent years, proponents of “green and clean” fuel have argued that the socio-economic and environmental costs of over reliance on traditional fuel (oil) could be reduced by a global transition to biofuel. Such discourses propound that a transition to biofuel could result in significant local and national benefits, including local job creation, infrastructural development, high revenue...

Getting Treatment and Care to the Last Mile:Analyzing the Health Surveillance Assistance Cadre in Malawi

"As low- and middle-income countries face continued shortages of human resources for health and the double burden of infectious and chronic diseases, there is renewed international interest in the potential for community health workers (CHWs) to take on a growing role in strengthening health systems. Health surveillance assistants (HSAs) — as the CHW cadre in Malawi is known — play a vital...

Can Development Interventions Help Post-conflict Communities Build Social Cohesion? The Case of the Liberia Millennium Villages

"This paper evaluates the efforts of one international development intervention — the Kokoyah Millennium Villages Project (KMVP) — to improve welfare and build social cohesion in post-conflict Liberia. This study is based on a preliminary analysis of survey data from a quasi-experimental, difference-in-differences (DID) research design, and shows that social cohesion was already higher than...

Conservation Agriculture: South Africa's New Green Revolution

"As farmers move from conventional to conservation farming, agricultural production becomes more resilient to climate variability, and therefore to at least some aspects of anticipated climate change. The components comprising Conservation Agriculture (CA) (a trifecta of no-till or minimum-till farming, permanent soil cover and crop rotations) have existed for nearly a century, but uptake...

Uganda and the International Criminal Court: Debates and Developments

"Uganda was the first country targeted for intervention by the International Criminal Court (ICC). This intervention prompted three critical discussions about international criminal justice: ‘peace vs. justice,’ ‘selective justice,’ and ‘international vs. local justice’. The ICC entered a second phase of operations in Uganda after peace talks failed between the government and the Lord’s...

Addressing Urban Food Insecurity in Windhoek, Namibia

"Namibia is a country that is urbanizing rapidly. As population growth rises, there is urgent need for urban policies that will promote food security. Windhoek requires a food security strategy that pays particular attention to the plight of the urban poor and provides a source of affordable nutrients for common health problems. Food security strategies requires the involvement of the...

What Factors Influence Health Policy Entrepreneurs in West Africa?

"This paper investigates the agenda-setting criteria used by policy entrepreneurs directly involved in the implementation of user-fee abolition or reduction policies for maternal care services in Africa. The study uses an experimental technique, best-worst scaling (BWS), to identify the criteria that drive their decision making. Results suggest that political commitment and impact on health...

Improving Participatory Water Governance in Accra, Ghana

"The international community has highlighted the need for participatory environmental governance for more than two decades with efforts such as the Dublin Principles (1992) and the Aarhus Convention on Participatory Management for Environmental Matters (1998). This policy brief is concerned with participatory water governance in Accra, Ghana, particularly in its densely populated slums (also...

Pages