Centre for Development and Enterprise (CDE)

CDE is an independent policy research and advocacy organization. It is one of South Africa's leading development think tanks, focusing on critical national development issues and their relationship to economic growth and democratic consolidation. http://www.cde.org.za/

Library Articles

Rising Middle Classes in India, Brazil and South Africa: What is Happening and What are the Implications

The rise of the middle class in emerging democracies is an important global issue. An expanding and large middle class is vital for inclusion and stability, especially in developing countries with many poor and excluded people. However, comparative research on this phenomenon from within developing countries has been rare.The aim of the workshop was to start a conversation about middle classes in...

Middle Classes of India, Kenya and South Africa

"India, Kenya and South Africa are all grappling with the challenge of generating inclusive growth and radically reducing poverty. India has, over the past decade, perhaps been the most successful, generating an average increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of 7.8 per cent over the period 2003-12 and in the past 20 years lifting close to 200 million people out of poverty.The three...

The Democratic Alternative from the South - India, Brazil, and South Africa

"In order to understand the new phenomenon of rapidly developing democracies, this project set out to examine the relationship, between political democracy, on the one hand, and inclusive economic growth on the other, in much greater detail than is usually possible. Based on workshops held in Delhi, Rio and Johannesburg; a dozen papers and three country reports commissioned from scholars in...

Cities of Hope Young People and Opportunity in South Africa’s Cities

"Historically, urbanisation has been linked with industrialisation, which has both facilitated cities’ growth and depended on it. Cities have also made possible the efficient delivery of all kinds of services — energy, water, health, education, finance, logistics, media, transport, etc. In the light of these considerations CDE launched a project framed around the question of whether South...

Raising South Africa's Speed Limit

In order to understand South Africa's poor economic performance since the end of Apartheid, this study focused on key features that set South African economy apart from many other, successful countries. The very low levels of labour participation in South Africa are a good place to start. Relatively few people are looking for work, and those who are, find it very difficult to make it into a...

Democracy Works 2014 The Democratic Alternative from the South India, Brazil, and South Africa

In this report, the achievements of the past twenty-five years were examined, and it looked particularly at the progress made which is often not sufficiently acknowledged either within these countries or by outsiders. The problem of corruption is then examined more deeply; one of the most difficult challenges faced by all three countries, and examines how the institutions of democracy are coping...

South Africa and the Pursuit of Inclusive Growth

"This first report focuses on South Africa. It begins with a brief history of South African democracy, describing how the core features of South Africa’s democratic system were established following the transition from apartheid. The report then examines South Africa’s particular democratic institutions— political pacts, elections, parliament, courts, and civil society—and their impact, both...

Democratic Alternative from the South: India, Brazil and South Africa

"The evidence from three important rising democracies makes it clear: there is no need to give up individual rights and freedoms in order to achieve growth or to expand opportunities for the majority of citizens. On the contrary, the experiences of India, Brazil, and South Africa demonstrate that the expansion and strengthening of democratic institutions can pave the way for a second wave of...

Growth in a Time of Uncertainty Does South Africa Have a Growth Plan?

"South Africa desperately needs faster economic growth. The difficult global environment and the many unknowns involved in achieving higher growth in any country make this challenging. But it is not impossible and the international climate provides opportunities as well as threats. If the country is to grow more quickly, South Africa needs a realistic, workable strategy that has the support...

Why Africa needs its private sector

"A key question for anyone thinking about Africa relates to whether and how its economies will expand. For most of the last decade or so, the global context has been benign for Africa because of the rise in commodities prices and falling global prices for many manufactures. But now the commodity super cycle is over, the question is, what comes next? Only a decade ago, Africa was the least...

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