Centre for Development and Enterprise (CDE)

CDE is an independent policy research and advocacy organization. It is one of South Africa's leading development think tanks, focusing on critical national development issues and their relationship to economic growth and democratic consolidation. http://www.cde.org.za/

Library Articles

The Growth Agenda Priorities for Mass Employment and Inclusion: Accelerating Inclusive Growth

Published: 2016
According to the National Development Plan (NDP), the economy needs to grow at more than 5 per cent a year until 2030 if we are to achieve the goals of eliminating poverty, ensuring that 60 per cent of adults would be in work (up from about 44 per cent at present) and reducing inequality as measured by the Gini coefficient from 0.69 to 0.60. Over the past five years, the economy has grown at just...

The Growth Agenda Priorities for Mass Employment and Inclusion: Business and Government

Published: 2016
"The dysfunctional relationship between business and government is a key reason why the South African economy is in trouble. This document offers an analysis of this failing relationship. Its principal messages are: • A solid business-government relationship is essential for faster growth and mass employment. • South Africa cannot hope to achieve growth and mass employment with a government...

The Growth Agenda Priorities for Mass Employment and Inclusion: Insights and Key Recommendations

Published: 2016
"South Africa is on a low road of stagnating growth, policy confusion and gridlock, rising social tension and uncertainty about the future. Our ‘good story’ of democratisation and greater inclusion sounds more and more hollow to the unemployed and poor who remain excluded from what, in truth, has always been an insider story. Even those, black and white, who have done well out of South...

The Growth Agenda Priorities for Mass Employment and Inclusion: Skills

Published: 2016
"The only way out of the cycle of unemployment, poverty and inequality which is undermining South Africa’s future is to achieve higher and more labour intensive levels of economic growth. Among other things, this requires dramatically expanding the pool of skills available to the South African economy. There are two main ways of achieving this. The first, and most important, is to equip...

The Growth Agenda Priorities for Mass Employment and Inclusion: Jobs

Published: 2016
"No-one disputes that South Africa needs millions of new jobs. However, the current labour market regime and the policy model underpinning it is illsuited to achieving significant employment growth. It is not possible to create millions of jobs for a relatively unskilled workforce while insisting on a set of rules that drive employment costs relentlessly upward. Those costs – wage and non-...

Rising Middle Classes in India, Brazil and South Africa: What is Happening and What are the Implications

The rise of the middle class in emerging democracies is an important global issue. An expanding and large middle class is vital for inclusion and stability, especially in developing countries with many poor and excluded people. However, comparative research on this phenomenon from within developing countries has been rare.The aim of the workshop was to start a conversation about middle classes in...

Middle Classes of India, Kenya and South Africa

"India, Kenya and South Africa are all grappling with the challenge of generating inclusive growth and radically reducing poverty. India has, over the past decade, perhaps been the most successful, generating an average increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of 7.8 per cent over the period 2003-12 and in the past 20 years lifting close to 200 million people out of poverty.The three...

The Democratic Alternative from the South - India, Brazil, and South Africa

"In order to understand the new phenomenon of rapidly developing democracies, this project set out to examine the relationship, between political democracy, on the one hand, and inclusive economic growth on the other, in much greater detail than is usually possible. Based on workshops held in Delhi, Rio and Johannesburg; a dozen papers and three country reports commissioned from scholars in...

Cities of Hope Young People and Opportunity in South Africa’s Cities

"Historically, urbanisation has been linked with industrialisation, which has both facilitated cities’ growth and depended on it. Cities have also made possible the efficient delivery of all kinds of services — energy, water, health, education, finance, logistics, media, transport, etc. In the light of these considerations CDE launched a project framed around the question of whether South...

Raising South Africa's Speed Limit

In order to understand South Africa's poor economic performance since the end of Apartheid, this study focused on key features that set South African economy apart from many other, successful countries. The very low levels of labour participation in South Africa are a good place to start. Relatively few people are looking for work, and those who are, find it very difficult to make it into a...