Brookings Institution

The Brookings Institution is a nonprofit public policy organization based in Washington, DC. Our mission is to conduct high-quality, independent research and, based on that research, to provide innovative, practical recommendations. http://www.brookings.edu/

Library Articles

Confronting Climate Change : Africa’s Leadership on an Increasingly Urgent Issue

Published: 2017
This chapter discusses several issues regarding climate change and its effects on several countries on the African continent. The first heading, discusses the African leadership in a time of climate risk. Africa’s “growth miracle” and its associated resurgence has been challenged. Commodity prices have plunged which related to a global economic slowdown that have dampened economic prospects....

Financing Africa’s Infrastructure Deficit: From Development Banking to Long-Term Investing

Published: 2016
This paper studies the appropriate financing structure of infrastructure investment in Africa. It starts with a description of recent initiatives to scale up infrastructure investment in Africa. The paper then uses insights from the literature on informed versus arm’s length debt to discuss the structure of infrastructure financing. Considering the differences in investors’ preferences that...

Ethiopia — an Agrarian Economy in Transition

Rapid economic growth was experienced in Ethiopia since 2005. Real gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an average rate of 10.5 per cent per annum for the period between 2004–05 and 2013–14. Important contributions to GDP growth were made with public investment in key infrastructure and interventions in the agriculture sector. This growth has been accompanied by a process of capital deepening...

Foresight Africa : Top Priorities for the Continent in 2016

Published: 2016
The Africa Growth Initiative and its colleagues discuss six overarching themes in this year’s Foresight Africa, that place Africa at this tipping point and give their views on what they perceive to be key areas for intervention to keep Africa on its current rising trajectory. The format this year, in 2016 is different from years past, encompassing viewpoints from high-level policymakers,...

Understanding Ghana’s Growth Success Story and Job Creation Challenges

This paper seeks to provide an analytical assessment of Ghana’s economic growth. Ghana’s status as one of the African Lions is linked to the country’s remarkable growth performance. Growth of labour productivity at the national and sectoral level is examined, as well as the sectoral contribution to aggregate productivity growth. The article also analyses the effect of growth on employment and...

Understanding the African Lions - Growth Traps and Opportunities in Six Dominant African Economies Understanding Ghana's Growth Success Story and Job Creation Challenges

Ghana has a status as one of the Lions of the African continent. This which is linked to the country’s remarkable growth performance, which culminated in the attainment of lower middle-income status. However, employment response to growth has been weak. Additionally, growth has been accompanied by substantial reduction in poverty, albeit increasing inequality. This development is explained by a...

Demographic Employment and Wage Trends in South Africa

Over the past two decades, the economic growth in South Africa has been driven primarily by the services sector; namely the financial and business services sector, construction, and to some extent wholesale and retail trade. The drivers for employment growth is mainly the services sectors, and in particular, higher-skilled occupations. This is against a backdrop of stark human capital deficits...

Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Infrastructure: The Role of Public Policy

Published: 2016
Inclusive development, environmental sustainability and sustainable infrastructure is at the nexus of economic growth. A major investment boost will be needed to deliver infrastructure at scale to meet global growth and development objectives over the next 15 years. The world’s infrastructure stock will need to be more than doubled. This presents an enormous challenge, but it also presents a big...

The African Lions: Kenya Country Case Study

The drivers of economic growth in Kenya and the linkages to the labour market dynamics, are mainly analyzed in this paper, with a focus on population growth, its structure, and the prospects of reaping a demographic dividend. This is in recognition that Kenya, as the ninth largest economy in Africa and the fourth largest in sub-Saharan Africa and with a locational advantage, presents some policy...

Managing Natural Resources for Development in East Africa : Examining Key Issues with the Region’s Oil and Natural Gas Discoveries Roadmap Report

Published: 2016
A series of short briefings which covers different subjects, is contained in this paper. These are related to the oil and natural gas discoveries in East Africa, with the goal of providing an overview of the research done by AGI on these topics and a summary of key issues arising from the various forums. These topics are covered in the following sections: Land rights issues and the link to oil...

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