Afrobarometer

The Afrobarometer is an independent, nonpartisan research project that measures the social, political, and economic atmosphere in Africa. http://www.afrobarometer.org/

Library Articles

Crime and Insecurity Remain Near the Top of South Africans' Agenda

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
South Africa is still grappling with serious problems of crime and violence. Both Statistics South Africa and the government’s 20-year review reveal significant progress, but both also confirm continued disturbingly high levels of violence. Ordinary South Africans are deeply concerned about their personal safety. As they have for the past decade, citizens continue to rank crime and insecurity as...

Explaining South African Xenophobia

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"After widespread violence in 2008 and 2015, South Africa is now clearly one of most hostile destinations in the world for African migrants. Existing research on the determinants of South African xenophobia has focused on developing and advancing theories, with little attention paid to testing which theories, if any, actually account for mass xenophobia. This is the goal of this paper. By...

A No -Confidence Vote? Mozambicans still Vote, but Faith in Democracy is Slipping / Um voto de desconfiança? Os Moçambicanos ainda votam, mas a fé na democracia está a diminuir

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Since independence in 1975, Mozambique’s history has been marked by deep economic crises, political instability, and widespread human-rights violations. In 1990, after 16 years of civil war between the governing Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO) and the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO), the government of former President Joaquim Alberto Chissano established a democratic...

Digging a Future? Citizens see Positive Impact of Mining in Madagascar

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"Madagascar is blessed with some of the world’s largest known natural-resource reserves, especially high-grade iron ore and precious stones such as alluvial sapphires. At the same time, its people are among the world’s poorest. Given the wealth of natural resources and poverty of the people, this dispatch examines how ordinary Malagasy view the impacts of the mining sector. Does it reduce...

Ambitious SDG Goal Confronts Challenging Realities: Access to Justice is still Elusive for Many Africans

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Access to justice for all citizens has long been recognized as a cornerstone of democracy, good governance, and effective and equitable development. Its centrality has recently been highlighted in the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal. Citizens report a number of serious barriers to access to justice. Most significantly, the perception that cases move too slowly through the courts is...

Public Trust in Elections: The Role of Media Freedom and election Management Autonomy

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"As multiparty elections have become a global norm, scholars and policy experts regard public trust in elections as vital for regime legitimacy. However, very few cross-national studies have examined the consequences of electoral manipulation, including the manipulation of election administration and the media, on citizens’ trust in elections. This paper addresses this gap by exploring how...

Do Electoral Handouts Affect Voting Behaviour?

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"The literature on vote-buying often assumes a complete transaction of cash for votes. While there is ample evidence that candidates target certain voters with cash handouts, it is unclear whether these actually result in higher turnout and vote shares for the distributing party. Empirically, using different matching techniques and accounting for district-level factors, we find that cash...

Still no Alternative? Popular views of the Opposition in Southern Africa's One-party Dominant Regimes

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Following decades of authoritarian rule, multiparty democracy re-emerged in a “wave” of democratization in sub-Saharan Africa during the early 1990s. Twenty-nine countries in the region held founding elections – first competitive elections after an authoritarian period – between 1989 and 1994, of which 16 led to full democratic transitions. Today, African political regimes vary widely, from the...

Zimbabweans Demand Accountability in Governance, Doubt Efficacy of Elections

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Demand for accountability in governance is solid among Zimbabweans, even if ensuring accountability requires slower government processes. Citizens clearly assign Parliament responsibility for making laws and for holding the president accountable for how taxpayer money is spent. Citizens also task the judiciary and the news media with holding the government accountable. Only pluralities...

After 50 Years, Freedom of Association is Firmly Established , Though far from Absolute, in Africa

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Fifty years ago today, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly enshrined a freedom that we had probably treasured ever since our evolution into social animals – the right to assemble and associate freely. All African countries except South Sudan are signatories or state parties to the ICCPR, committing them to “take positive measures to establish and maintain an enabling environment” for...

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