African Economic Research Consortium (AERC)

Established in 1988, AERC is a public not-for-profit organization devoted to the advancement of economic policy research and training. AERC's mission is to strengthen local capacity for conducting independent, rigorous inquiry into the problems facing the management of economies in sub-Saharan Africa. http://www.aercafrica.org/home/index.asp

Library Articles

Explaining the Health Status of Children in Sierra Leone: Parental Socioeconomic Status and Demand for Health Inputs

"In most developing countries, maternal and child health issues have received considerable attention in public health policies and pose formidable challenges. Several studies provide evidence of a strong relationship between socioeconomic factors such as economic growth, poverty, water and sanitation, education and gender and health outcomes. A good number of researchers have shown that a...

Determinants of Child and Maternal Health Status and Demand for Health Care Services in Nigeria

" Key findings for this policy brief is:Improving mother’s educational status, reducing food prices and residing in the urban sector are important factors for improving demand for health input such as immunization. Demand for place of delivery with skilled staff increases when the women are employed and have high literacy level while long distance to the place of delivery decreases demand....

The Effects of Socioeconomic Status and Health Insurance on the Demand for Prenatal and Postnatal Health Care in Ghana

"Ghana is committed to achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5, which aim to reduce child and maternal deaths by 2015. This commitment is manifested in the way prenatal and postnatal health care services are being made accessible to women of reproductive age. Prenatal care refers to the medical and nursing care recommended for women before and during pregnancy. Postnatal care is...

Pro-poor Growth and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

"The government of Nigeria has placed poverty reduction at the centre of the country’s economic policy and development programs since independence. Though this was not explicitly targeted in earlier development plans (1962 to 1975) of the country, it featured in more pronounced ways in latter programs and projects, many of which specifically targeted elimination of poverty. These targeted...

Growth, Poverty Reduction and Inequality in Ethiopia: The Role of Labor Markets (between 1994 and 2004)

"In poverty literature, poverty reduction in a growing economy is analyzed in association with inequality. Economic growth could be accompanied with growing inequality, or with no change in inequality (distribution neutral growth), or with declining inequality (pro-poor growth). Poverty reducing impact of growth with increasing inequality is low while that of distribution neutral growth and...

Impact of Cellular Phones on Technical and Allocative Efficiencies of Commercial Taxi and Fishing Boat Firms in Ghana

"It is important for the policy makers to know the productivity of a factor of production, know the levels of technical and allocative efficiencies, and their significant determinants so that the policy makers can know on which factor or determinant to concentrate. The policy makers may also be interested in knowing the various transmission channels through which the productivity of the...

Impact of ICT Investment, Ownership and Use in the Cassava Value Chain in South Western Nigeria

"Most of Africa’s peoples live in rural areas where agriculture is the main economic activity. In Nigeria, for instance, agriculture is the occupation of more than 60 per cent of the total work force, providing both formal and informal employment for people. African agriculture is however dominated by small and medium enterprises (SME) and characterized by traditional technologies and low...

The Impact of Economic Performance on Health in Zimbabwe

"The nexus between economic growth and health outcomes has been extensively studied. However the relationship between the two is not clear. Historically, decline in both infant and child mortality rates, and the fall in both male and female adult mortality rates especially since the turn of the 20th century has been attributed to a multiplicity of factors associated with economic and social...

Impact of Parental Socioeconomic Status on Child Health Outcomes in Kenya

"It is widely acknowledged that a healthy nation is a wealthy nation. However, like most developing countries, Kenya records unfavourable population health indicators. An extensive body of knowledge suggests inter-generational health effects where adult health, largely determined in childhood, influences and is influenced by socioeconomic outcomes in later life. Studies show that parental...

Inequality, Poverty, Growth and Institutions: Understanding the Linkages in Kenya

"This Brief analyzes the linkage between inequality, poverty and economic growth in addition to assessing the extent to which growth in Kenya has been pro-poor. It also explores the link between institutions, poverty and inequality. The macroeconomic indicators show that economic growth in Kenya recorded an upward trend between 1994 and 1996 but dropped significantly in 1997. This was...

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