African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD)

ACCORD is a South Africa -based civil society organization working throughout Africa to bring creative solutions to the challenges posed by conflict on the continent. ACCORD’s primary aim is to influence political developments by bringing conflict resolution, dialogue and institutional development to the forefront as an alternative to armed violence and protracted conflict. http://www.accord.org.za/

Library Articles

The International Conference on the Great Lakes Region as a peacebuilding instrument for civil society organisations

"This policy paper examines the prospective role of civil society organisations (CSOs) within the mechanisms and structures of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), which was created to address conflict challenges faced by states within the Great Lakes region. The ICGLR was established in 2003 to provide an inclusive platform for countries within the region to work...

The Institutionalisation of Mediation Support within the ECOWAS Commission

"The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Commission established the Mediation Facilitation Division (MFD) in June 2015 to backstop mediation efforts undertaken by its mediation organs, member states, non-state actors and joint initiatives with other international organisations, such as the African Union Commission (AUC) and the United Nations (UN). In January 2016, the...

Angolan refugees in Zambia: Reflecting on local integration as a sustainable solution

"Local integration continues to be an important option in the basket of comprehensive strategies to achieve long-term solutions to refugee crises, particularly those caused by protracted conflicts. While many refugees may voluntarily repatriate to their countries of origin, with some benefiting from resettlement in third countries, local integration presents a durable solution that is often...

Protecting the rights of women through community focused approaches to strengthening gender in African peace support operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic

"Gender is increasingly becoming an integral consideration in peace processes, as called for in the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325, adopted in 2000 as the first ever formal women, peace and security resolution passed by the United Nations (UN). Other UN documents that recognise the importance of gender mainstreaming in peace support operations include the report of...

African Regional Consultation on the UN General Assembly Debate on UN, Peace and Security

"The aim of the debate was to examine the UN’s peace and security architecture and to consider what remains to be done, in the context of the 2015 reviews of peace operations, peacebuilding and women, peace and security. Some of the developments that framed the conversation included ongoing and new conflicts and crises in Africa, especially in the Great Lakes region, the Horn of Africa, the...

When refugees cannot return home: A conflict conundrum in Africa’s Great Lakes region

"The large number of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Great Lakes region poses immense challenges to peacebuilding processes within the countries affected, as well as in that entire conflict system. An influx of refugees impacts peace and security, citizenship considerations, as well as cross-border and ethnic conflicts, among others. This Policy & Practice Brief (...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2016

In ‘Conflict in the Great Lakes Region: Root Causes, Dynamics and Effects’ the Great Lakes Region constitutes a complex network of political and economic interactions with significant implications for peace, security and governance. It is also a region with interlinked conflicts and common fundamental problems that emanate from postcolonial challenges to state-building and nation-building. This...

Reclaiming Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law: Reflections from the Oslo Global Conference

"Over the past sixty years, international humanitarian law (IHL) has established a comprehensive legal framework for the protection of civilians (PoC) in armed conflicts. There is broad consensus that these guidelines afford non-combatants significant protections from the effects of military operations – provided they are carefully implemented by all sides to a conflict. Notwithstanding...

Conflict-Induced Migration in Africa: Maximizing New Opportunities to Address its Peace, Security and Inclusive Development Dimensions

"The meeting examined major global and continental trends on migration vis-à-vis its impact on affected African migrant populations as well as on sustainable development, peace and security and good governance in Africa. Drawing on the recent xenophobic experiences of foreign migrants in South Africa as a case example, among others, the meeting discussed the roles and efforts African...

The African Union Migration and Regional Integration Framework

"This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) evaluates how well-equipped the African Union’s (AU) migration policy framework is to address various domestic challenges that individual African states face in managing international migration. It reviews these issues, then analyses the key policy instruments underlying the AU’s continental migration framework. The focus of this PPB is the African...

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