Africa Research Institute (ARI)

Africa Research Institute aims to reflect, understand and build on the dynamism in Africa today. We are a London-based think tank which looks for practical examples of achievement - by listening to the people who have created that success, often in adversity, and by communicating that experience to organisations, companies and policymakers. We are not guided by ideology and are strictly non-partisan. http://www.africaresearchinstitute.org/

Library Articles

Mozambique’s Debt Crisis: Trawling for Answers

Published: 2017
Debt relief was granted to the government of Mozambique, less than two decades ago, and again this government finds itself unable to honour obligations to international creditors. Pending the publication of an audit of US$2 billion of borrowing by Mozambican companies afforded questionable sovereign guarantees, Africa Research Institute and Zitamar News convened a webinar with four expert...

Constitution-Making in Côte d’Ivoire

Published: 2016
Ivorians will vote on 30 October 2016, regarding the adoption of a new draft constitution unveiled only 25 days earlier. Few citizens have read the text, which was drawn up by a committee of experts and which parliament rapidly endorsed. The government maintains that its priority has been to ensure that the new constitution is “consensual” and “impersonal”. This would be novel in a country where...

South Africa’s Watershed Elections: Awry, the Beloved Country?

Published: 2016
In post apartheid South Africa, municipal elections have had a brief and unremarkable history. However, it is expected that the polls on 3 August are to be the most fiercely contested of any to date. South Africa’s demography is changing rapidly and with it the political landscape. The eight largest city councils – known as metropolitan municipalities, or “metros” – are home to some 40% of the...

Land, Law and Traditional Leadership in South Africa

Published: 2016
With over two decades after the end of apartheid, land remains an emotive fault line in South Africa. In rural communities, many have lost patience with the paternalistic approach of traditional leaders, commercial farmers and mining corporations. The African National Congress (ANC) has assiduously courted the interests of these groups at the expense of the rural poor. The ANC has provided fuel...

Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Published: 2016
Currently the rapid growth of Africa's cities overwhelms their central and municipal governments. Strategic planning has been insufficient and the provision of basic services to residents is worsening. Widespread devolution, since the 1990's has substantially shifted responsibility for coping with urbanization to local authorities, yet municipal governments across Africa receive a...

L’Emission de l’Obligation Municipale à Dakar : Le Conte de Deux Cités / Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Published: 2016
This document discusses the rapid growth of African Cities and focus on the dilemma that central and municipal governments in Dakar are currently facing. It seems that strategic planning is insufficient, as well as deterioration in the provision of basic services to residents. Since the 1990s, widespread devolution has substantially shifted responsibility for coping with urbanization to local...

l’Émission de l’Obligation Municipale à Dakar : Le Conte de Deux Cités / Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Published: 2016
Municipal and central governments are being overwhelmed by the rapid growth of Africa’s cities. The provision of basic services to residents is worsening and strategic planning has been insufficient. Since the 1990s, widespread devolution has substantially shifted responsibility for coping with urbanization to local authorities, yet municipal governments across Africa receive a paltry share of...

State(s) of Crisis: Sub-National Government in Nigeria

Published: 2016
Nigeria generates about 20% of the total GDP on the African continent. Therefore, this country has the largest economy in Africa. With the presidential election in March 2015, the incumbent peacefully conceded defeat and transferred power to an opposition party for the first time since the end of military rule in 1999. It transfers a far greater proportion of resources to sub-national government...

Steady Progress? 30 Years of Museveni and the NRM in Uganda

Published: 2016
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni addressed Ugandans for the first time on 29 January 1986 as national leader: “No one should think that what is happening today is a mere change of guard; it is a fundamental change in the politics of our country”. Since Uganda had been led by seven presidents and a presidential commission in the preceding seven years, few could have expected that Museveni would remain at...

Who Really Governs Urban Ghana ?

"Ghana is one of Africa’s most urbanised – and rapidly urbanising – countries. In the past three decades, the number of city dwellers has risen from four to 14 million; more than 5.5 million live in slums. Urban growth exerts intense pressure on government and municipal authorities to provide infrastructure, affordable housing, public services and jobs. It has exacerbated informality,...

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