Latest Articles

Reviving the AU’s Maritime Strategy

Published: 2017
The African Union (AU) is failing to implement several key maritime strategies which was drawn up, owing to lack of resources and expertise. The AU risks marginalizing maritime security work, therefore this inertia must change in 2017. This policy brief is based on the assumption that long-term, coordinated and sustainable development will lead to improvements in security, economic development...

Improving the Supply Chains for the Health Sector: What Role for Locally Manufactured and Imported Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya

"This Issue Paper presents some findings on research on supply within Kenya from local manufacturers to the health system. It compares the sourcing of local supplies and competing imports within the public, private and faith-based sectors of health care. Finally, it presents perceptions of Kenyan health sector actors at all levels on the extent to which improved local manufacturing supplies...

Natural Resource Governance in Africa No.4 Resources of the Sea

Published: 2016
This infographic is part of a series titled : Natural Resource Governance. This edition no.4 is about the Resources of the Sea. The statistical information firstly depicts Blue Economy- the new resource frontier. The Maritime zone under Africa's jurisdiction, freshwater and ocean fish and the food security that is provided by the ocean, imports and exports in Africa conducted by sea. The...

In Defense of Democracy: Lessons from ECOWAS’ Management of The Gambia’s 2016 Post-Election Impasse

"The years 2015 and 2016 were of great importance for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), through supporting the conduct of peaceful elections and the orderly transfer of power. A total of 10 of its 15 member states held elections in 2015 and 2016. ECOWAS has a rich history of managing political transitions and elections in the past 18 years, following the adoption of the...

The Role of Informal Urban Settlements in Upward Mobility

Informal urban settlements influences the well-being of a large section of global humanity . Yet there has been very little research on their role in facilitating social mobility. Such settlements, in theory, may foster human progress by linking rural-urban migrants to the services, contacts and livelihoods concentrated in cities. Longitudinal data is used in this paper for South Africa, in order...

East or West ? Comparing China, US and EU Policy, Trade and Investment Relations With Kenya

The question of East or West, is more of a political debate than an economic one. China, EU and US are development partners with unique opportunities, which cannot be easily substituted by other development partners. Each partner operate and pursue economic diplomacy by means of a policy framework. Kenya is having a growing negative trade balance with China, however, Chinese FDI inflows have...

The Ghanaian Economy: Annual Review 2013-2014 Theme: Ghana’s Public Financial Management

Published: 2015
This annual report on the economy of Ghana for 2013-14 is a combined edition and devoted to Public Finance Management. The content comprises policies, legal frameworks, institutions, processes and mechanisms by which the public resources are managed and how it is accounted for. Persistent fiscal deficits, current account deficits, mounting public debt and the consequent fiscal bottlenecks in the...

Nigeria : Women and the Boko Haram Insurgency

Published: 2016
The experiences of women and girls in the North East are analyzed in this report, in order to inform interventions to better alleviate their suffering, facilitate their contribution to lasting peace and mitigate the threat from female Boko Haram members. Patriarchal norms are examined, which the sect exploited to attract recruits and tracks the diverse, changing female roles, as valuable...

Tax Base Erosion and Profit Shifting in Africa – Part 2: A Critique of Some Priority OECD Actions from an African Perspective

Three of the highest priority actions were identified in this paper, which have the greatest BEPS impact for African economies. These are: Action 4, which deals with limiting base erosion via interest deductions and other financial payments; Action 6, which deals with preventing treaty abuse; and Action 7, which discussed the prevention of the artificial avoidance of permanent establishment...

Harnessing the Demographic Dividend : The Future We Want for Zambia

This study report showed that Zambia can harness a sizeable demographic dividend. Zambia should adopt policies and prioritize investments aimed at accelerating fertility reduction through voluntary and rights based interventions and education to open the window to harnessing the demographic dividend. Additionally, Zambia has to make strategic investments in education and skills development,...

Economic Reforms and Policies to Boost Job Creation and Optimise Malawi’s Opportunity to Harness the Demographic Dividend and Accelerate Socio-economic Development

Malawi can by optimizing its economic opportunities and unleashing the power of its youthful population into an asset for development through the demographic dividend (DD), potentially accelerate its socio-economic economic transformation agenda outlined in Vision 2020. The DD is the economic benefit that arises from a significant increase in the ratio of working-age adults relative to young...

Accelerating Fertility Decline in Zambia Opening the Window of Opportunity for the Demographic Dividend

Over the past three decades, Zambia’s fertility has declined slowly in the context of steady decline in child mortality. Consequently, 45% of the population is under 15 years of age, which has resulted in a high child dependency burden. The population increased from about 3.5 to 13 million between 1963 and 2010, was estimated at 15 million in 2014, and it is projected to reach about 27 million in...

Accelerating Economic Growth and Policy Reforms to Optimise Zambia’s Demographic Dividend

Zambia‘s Vision 2030 attempts to turn the country into a prosperous industrial middle-income nation, which will provides opportunities for improving the well-being of all its citizens. In the past decade, the country has experienced steady economic growth, averaging at 6.7 % and graduated into lower middle-income status in 2012, with a per capita GDP of $1,839 in 2013. Despite this impressive...

Regional Trade for Inclusive Development in West Africa

This study analyzed the potential of regional trade in facilitating the achievement of inclusive development in the West African region. Descriptive analysis is employed to examine the nature, composition and dimension of ECOWAS trade within the group and with the rest of the world, vis-à-vis three other Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). From the preliminary study...

Upholding Good Governance: Democracy, Elections, and Local Institutions under Political and Social Uncertainty

The first issue brief in this chapter is titled: We need to learn from recent crises in West Africa: Local governance and civil society solutions on pages 94-97. Major progress was made in 2016, firstly with cooperation between African governments, communities, civic organizations, and international partners overcame initial struggles and succeeded in ending the latest Ebola outbreak in Guinea,...

Survey Report on Key Socio Economic and Governance Issues in Ghana - Main Report

Published: 2016
The IEA Socio-Economic and Governance Surveys, seeks the opinion of the public on socio-economic and governance issues including people’s living conditions, government’s performance in addressing key socio-economic challenges, peace and security, freedom, discrimination, rights of political participation, trust in public institutions etc. Public awareness of socio-economic and governance issues...

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged, some new and others accentuated by the conflict – badly managed decentralization, corruption, marginalization, ethnic rivalries and exclusionary...

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

Publisher: Partnership Africa-Canada (PAC)
Published: 2017
The analyses in this report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. This report’s scope focuses on the artisanal gold sector in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso. However, many of its findings are applicable to other countries in the West African region, most...

Perception of Climate Change in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

The research shows that the majority of Nigerians within the Niger Delta have very poor knowledge of the causes and effects of climate change. This therefore calls on all levels of government in Nigeria to vigorously pursue, public enlightenment on the causes and effects of climate change using media like television, radio and newspapers. These media outlets/firms are recommended because they are...

Federal Government Amnesty Strategy in the Niger Delta : Will it go Beyond Satisficing Minimalism?

The DDRR strategy is a commendable initiative, since it brings back the developmental problem of the Niger Delta atop the in-tray of the national policy agenda in Nigeria and allows the proponents of the Niger Delta developmental issues to ventilate their concerns through an administrative rather than an adversarial platform. However, there are many indications that the implementation of the...

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