Latest Articles

Towards Effective Implementation of UN-imposed Arms Embargoes in Africa

Published: 2016
An analysis is provided in this policy brief, regarding the implementation of arms embargoes in Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sierra Leone and Somalia. These countries were selected for analysis based on their particular characteristics and experience in relation to arms embargoes. Arms embargoes, if well implemented, are one of the most effective ways of controlling...

"Bunker" Democracy and the Challenges of Sustaining Democratic Values in Nigeria - An Appraisal of the 2011 General Elections

This paper has two main focal points. First, it critically reviews Nigeria’s 2011 general elections vis-à-vis manifestations of violence, covering pre-election, election-day and post-election conflicts across all regions of the country. The second thrust has to do with the exploration of the nexus between violence and democracy, thereby bringing to the fore the concomitant impact of violence on...

Accountability, Contract Officers and the Integrity of the 2012 Election Outcome in Ghana

This paper presents a critical analysis of the 2012 election petition as an expression of dissatisfaction with the EC’s performance. The focus is on the role of temporary electoral officers in eroding public confidence in electoral processes, and draws attention to some implications of Ghana’s Supreme Court judgment on electoral administration in future. The author reason that at least in the...

A Comparative Case Study of the Voting Behaviour of Poor People in Three Selected South African Communities

This paper shares comparative data from a quantitative study which was undertaken in two selected poor communities during 2013 in Johannesburg (Riverlea and Doornkop) and a rural community in the Limpopo province in 2014. The two key factors that were explored, might explain voter preferences, namely identification and loyalty on the one hand, and on the other clientelism, social grants and vote-...

Potential of Coffee to Uplift People out of Poverty in Northern Uganda

The study's objective was to analyze the potential of expanding coffee production in Uganda, and the resultant poverty reduction effect. The study, specifically examined the contribution of coffee production towards poverty reduction. The direct welfare gains are analyzed and/or changes in the lives of coffee farming households in mid-Northern Uganda. The study also identified general...

The Khartoum Process A Sustainable Response to Human Smuggling and Trafficking?

Published: 2016
With the "migration crisis", in 2012 - 2015, citizens from the Horn of Africa have been arriving irregularly in Europe in unprecedented numbers, whilst featuring disproportionately amongst the fatalities. This has prompted the launch of the Khartoum Process, a partnership between the 28 member states of the European Union (EU) and East and North African states, to respond to human...

Business Climate Deteriorates Further as Fears of the South Sudan Conflict Grips Businesses in Uganda

For the second consecutive quarter, the perceptions on Uganda’s business environment deteriorated. This negative sentiment about the business environment could emanate from the lag effects of the electoral cycle, pass through effects of exchange rate depreciation and the re-ignition of political strife in South Sudan, which is a major export destination. Lower than potential domestic demand and...

At the Edge Trends and Routes of North African Clandestine Migrants

Published: 2016
Over 16 000 Algerians, Tunisians and Moroccans were caught in 2015 while attempting to migrate to Europe covertly. Though North Africans are a relatively small portion of the masses of clandestine migrants, they are a critical group to understand. They are the innovators and early adopters of new methods and routes for migrant smuggling. Their pioneering in the 1990s and 2000s of the cross...

Africa's Climate Helping Decision Makers Make Sense of Climate Information

"African decision-makers need reliable, accessible, and trustworthy information about the continent’s climate, and how this climate might change in future, if they are to plan appropriately to meet the region’s development challenges. The Future Climate for Africa report, Africa’s climate: Helping decision-makers make sense of climate information, is designed as a guide for scientists,...

Two Decades of Election Observation by the African Union: A Review

This article discusses the various phases the African Union Election Observation Missions (AUEOMs) have passed through since participation by the Organization of African Unity OAU in the UN-led mission to monitor Namibia’s referendum in 1989. The focus on the historical analysis includes a close examination of the approaches, methods and lessons that can be drawn from the gradual but consistent...

Paradigm Shift: Youth Engagement in the Conduct of the 2015 Elections in Nigeria

This paper focuses on the engagement of youth in the conduct of the 2015 general elections in Nigeria, against a backdrop of historical experiences. The article illustrates a paradigm shift in youth engagement with regards to the conduct of elections, discounting the doom youth theory of youth bulge, youth in crisis or lumpen youth culture. Youth engagement in the 2015 elections was more...

Patterns and Determinants of Livestock Farmers’ Choice of Marketing Channels: Micro-level Evidence

This paper investigates the patterns and determinants of smallholder livestock farmer’s market participation, as well as the market channel choice using a micro-lever survey data from Ethiopia. Binary logit and multinomial logit models have been applied for empirical data analysis. The estimated results reveal that gender and educational status of the household head together with household access...

Improving the Performance of Natural Resource Taxation in Developing Countries

This paper focuses on the administrative challenges which is posed to developing countries, as a result of the increasing emphasis in fiscal regimes for natural resource extraction since the Second World War on income-based taxes, including both corporate income and resource rent taxes, as opposed to royalties. The paper argues from a political perspective, that reduced reliance on royalties has...

The Climate Change Regulatory Framework and Indigenous Peoples’ Lands in Africa: Human Rights Implications

This book examined the regulatory frameworks which relates to climate change at international, regional and national levels, as they affect indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa. It demonstrates how, at national level especially, a climate change regulatory framework can offer inadequate protection to indigenous peoples’ land tenure and use, a development that can negatively affect the realization...

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seeking to address the social and political ‘root causes’ of violent extremism, has gained particular prominence in Kenya. This report reviews current...

The Carrot and the Stick: Evidence on Voluntary Tax Compliance from a Pilot Field Experiment in Rwanda

Key findings from a pilot field experiment on tax compliance, is discussed in this paper. A key objective of the paper, is to provide lessons learned on implementing this type of study in low-income countries, and reporting initial econometric results. Section 2 summarizes some characteristic features of low-income countries that researchers need to factor into their research plans and design....

Sustainable Peace Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

This paper focuses on the best practices of and lessons learned from ECOWAS in its implementation of the APSA and draws on academic and policy literature, as well as ECOWAS reports and frameworks. The paper focuses particularly on ECOWAS’ attempts to address the root causes of conflicts rather than simply keeping the peace. The AU and the United Nations (UN) have recognized the importance of...

African Urban Futures

This paper frames the future of Africa’s urban transition and looks at continental and regional long-term futures, the drivers of urbanization and the relationship between urbanization and economic development. The continent’s current and emerging megacities are identified and likely population numbers are forecasted for Cairo, Lagos, Kinshasa, Johannesburg, Luanda and Dar es Salaam over the...

Analytical Brief of the Social Sector Budget 2017 - “Leaving no one Behind "

With Zambia setting the stage for economic recovery, the National Budget of 2017 is certainly not short on measures to protect the vulnerable from the adverse effects of possible austerity under the Zambia Plus Economic Recovery Programme. With real growth projected at 3.4% in 2017, Zambia continues to face tough economic conditions. In response to these unfavorable economic conditions, the 2017...

Settlement Size Distribution and Development in the Niger Delta Region : Policy Issues

Publisher: Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED)
Published: 2011
The various sizes of spatial patterns’ settlements has considerable impact on the distribution of social and infrastructure facilities such as health, education, extension services, water and communications services. The vast proportion of the Niger Delta States comprise largely of rural communities with scattered settlements mainly in tiny compounds where the population range from 50 to 500...

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