Latest Articles

Building Capacity for Domestic Resource Mobilization: The Role of the Civil Society

Published: 2016
With the recent adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the commitment of Africa to implement Agenda 2063, which is the continent’s development blueprint, domestic resource mobilization becomes a crucial issue. Given the background that most African countries did not fully achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) due to over- reliance on donor resources, enhancing...

Challenge of African Youth Unemployment

Published: 2016
Many African youth face high unemployment or employment in low-wage temporary jobs that compound their poverty, especially in northern and southern Africa. Urban areas have much higher rates of unemployment than rural areas—as do women than men—and, it seems, higher income countries. The reasons are similar across the continent—relatively rapid economic growth with inadequate job creation, and a...

Infrastructure Development and Financing in Sub-Saharan Africa: Toward a Framework for Capacity Enhancement

Published: 2016
"Of the world’s developing regions, Sub-Saharan Africa has the worst infrastructure deficit, with studies pointing to lost growth opportunities. This study presents in one document information previously dispersed on the region’s infrastructure stock and modes of financing. It assesses infrastructure’s role in the region’s economic growth. It identifies specific capacity constraints that...

Development Drivers in Africa: Role of Innovation

"Africa has recovered from the 2008-2009 financial crisis and posted high growth levels as seen before the crisis. The region has also been able to generate a sizable middle class of over 300 million people, who are educated, connected, and aware. Such success was possible partly because of the discipline in putting in place the right macroeconomic policies and managing to stick with...

African Union Agenda 2063 African Critical Technical Skills Key Capacity Dimensions Needed for the First Ten Years of Agenda 2063

Published: 2016
The single biggest challenge to ownership of Africa’s development agenda and management of its key development programs is grounded in the issue of critical technical skill (CTS) in Africa. To achieve the vision of Agenda 2063, as well as Africa’s ideology and existential imperative to fulfill its destiny as a great continent of the future, it must own, use, and have faith in its own CTS...

Lessons From Rwanda: Female Political Representation and Women's Rights

"Gender equality is a basic human right that entails equal opportunities for men and women in all facets of life: socially, economically, developmentally and politically. According to the Beijing Platform for Action, without the active participation of women in and the incorporation of their perspectives at all levels of decision-making, the goals of equality, development and peace cannot be...

African Union Agenda 2063 Capacity Development Plan Framework Buttressing Implementation of the First 10 Year plan - " The Africa We Want"

Published: 2016
During the AU Golden Jubilee Summit, Member States pledged to commit themselves to the continent’s development and technological transformation through a continental strategic framework, Agenda 2063, and to national development plans through a people- driven process. Furthering decisions of the AU Executive Council, the AUC formulated goals, targets, and strategies to realize Agenda 2063. The AUC...

Balancing Coal Mining and Conservation in South-West Ethiopia

"Ethiopia is confronted by the challenges of a growing population and a diminishing natural resources base. The country’s economic growth has relied heavily on agriculture, but progress in this sector has been hampered by the lack of access to agricultural inputs like fertiliser. Ethiopia has devised a range of development strategies for meeting agricultural and energy needs through the...

Survey of the Capacity Needs of Africa's Regional Economic Communities and Strategies for Addressing them

Published: 2016
The second Capacity Survey of the Regional Economic Communities in Africa aims to reassess the capacity needs of the eight RECs in African Union (AU) member states in line with their new strategic thrusts and prospective development imperatives. It also seeks to provide strategic guidance to the key development partners of the RECs on strategic programming. The study recognizes the need for...

Africa Capacity Report 2017: Building Capacity in Science, Technology and Innovation for Africa's Transformation

Published: 2016
African countries have shown their interest and willingness to strive for science, technology, and innovation (STI)-led development in the coming years.This Report shows that capacity in its various dimensions, though improving, remains a problem for African economies generally, not just for STI. But a more important message emerges: even though two-thirds of African countries have STI policies...

Climate Change Adaptation Readiness: Lessons from the 2015/2016 El Niño for Climate Readiness in Southern Africa

"Southern Africa is experiencing its worst drought in at least 35 years. The drought is associated with an acute El Niño cycle, a periodic weather phenomenon that affects weather patterns across large regions of the globe, including Southern Africa. While the El Niño cycle is not linked directly to broader climate change processes, an assessment of the region’s responses to the current...

A Fine Balance: Assessing the Quality of Governance in Botswana

"This is the inaugural Democracy Index for Botswana and is intended to set a benchmark for democracy to be measured against in the future. It has several aims, the first of which is to set out evidence affirming Botswana’s credentials as a democracy. It goes on to demonstrate that Botswana is actually a minimalist democracy: a system that does as little as possible to engender participation...

The "Islamic State" Organization: a Continuation of al Qaeda or an Emerging Rift? / L'organisation "Etat Islamique" : Continuation d'Al Qaeda ou émergence en rupture

Published: 2016
The establishment of the Mujahideen contingent in 1980, in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet occupation, opened the door to the globalization of jihadism, which until then had been confined to local and national dimensions. This globalization gave rise to the first international terrorist group, Al Qaeda. International terrorism took another dimension, with the United States’ invasion...

The Importance of Agricultural Policy in Terms of Security, Defense and Sovereignty / L’importance des Politiques Agricoles en Termes de Sécurité, de Défense et de Souveraineté

Published: 2016
Does agriculture indeed no longer have any place in national defense strategies? If the European and OECD examples encourage an affirmative answer, the counter-example comes from the United States of America, which considers agriculture and food issues as an integral part of national security. In the US defense doctrine, food security not only concerns the food industry, but it also concerns all...

Benefits of Low Emission Development Strategies The Case of Kenya’s Lake Turkana Wind Power Project

Publisher: SouthSouthNorth (SSN)
Published: 2017
The Lake Turkana Wind Power Project, which is Africa’s largest wind farm, will increase the national electricity supply while creating jobs and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. An estimated 310 MW of wind energy capacity will: mitigate greenhouse gas emissions equal to 740,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2 eq), annually increase national electricity supply by 15–20% (relative...

Communicating to Improve Compliance: Taxpayers’ Feedback on Message and Mode of Delivery in Rwanda

The journey started gradually for the Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA), from coercion to persuasion to drive tax compliance. This is shown in the mission and core value statements that underpin the tax administration’s activities in service delivery and trade facilitation. Recently the RRA has undertaken aggressive tax education and sensitization campaigns in order to influence taxpayer behaviour...

Integrated Learning, Monitoring and Evaluation into Policy-Oriented Research : Lessons from CSVR's Urban Violence Project

"This report reflects on the design and implementation of an LME plan for a policy-oriented and community based research project, identifying the benefits and challenges of conducting LME in such a research context and sharing lessons learnt in the process. It discusses LME strategies, describes specific exercises and provides examples of occasions when LME shaped the course of the project....

Informal Taxation in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone: Taxpayers’ Experiences and Perceptions

Citizens often pay a range of ‘taxes’ that differ substantially from statutory policies, in low-income and post-conflict countries and particularly in rural areas. These ‘informal taxes’, paid to a variety of state and non-state actors, are frequently overlooked in analyses of local systems of taxation. This problematic situation leads to misunderstandings of individual and household tax burdens...

Women's Contribution to Social Cohesion and Violence Prevention through the Community Work Programme

"The Community Work Programme (CWP) is a public employment programme that provides two days of work per week to unemployed and underemployed people in economically marginalised areas. The CWP aims to be an employment safety net, ensuring a basic stable income for residents of CWP sites. CWP participants are intended to do ‘useful work’, defined as work that ‘contributes to the public good,...

African Architecture for Peace and Security: Relevance in the Design and Difficulties in Achievement / Architecture Africaine de Paix et de Sécurité : Pertinence dans la Conception et Difficultés dans les Réalisations

Published: 2017
The great question that challenges Africans, in the field of safeguarding peace and security, remains the question of whether the Pan-African organization which aspires to lead the continent towards peace and prosperity and the human and material resources potential, can ensure the realization of these ambitions with its own institutions? In other words, can the African Union manage African...

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