Latest Articles

Suivi de la Demographie des Petites et Moyennes Entreprises au Cameroun une Analyse des Performances de la Reforme des CFCE 2010-2015 / Monitoring the Demography of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Cameroon an Analysis of the Reform Performance of CFCE 2010-2015

This study reflected on the bilateral analysis of SMEs, which was created through the CFCEs during the period 2010-2015. It also aimed to assess the contribution of the reform on the CFCEs on national economic development. The methodological approach consisted of: (i)a documentary search for the purpose of establishing an overview of the creative process before the establishment of the CFCEs; (...

Changing Agro-Food Systems The Impact of Big Agro-Investors on Food Rights Case Studies in Mozambique and Zambia / Sistemas agroalimentares em mutação

" This book presents case studies on changing agro-food systems in Southern Africa within the context of large-scale land-based and agri-business investments. By capturing the testimonies of local people in rural settings, with a particular focus on small-scale farmers, it aims to provide vivid accounts of the micro-level changes underway in agro-food systems in Southern Africa, and to...

Enhancing Food and Nutrition Security in a Corporate-Dominated Food System

"South Africa faces a ‘dual burden’ of malnutrition, with persistent under-nutrition coinciding with rising rates of diet-related NCDs (e.g. diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers). According to a recent national survey, 54% of households nationally reported experiencing either hunger or risk of hunger. The South African food system is capable of supplying enough food either through...

Going Nowhere Fast? Changed Working Conditions on Western Cape Fruit and Wine Farms A State of Knowledge Review

"This state of the knowledge review sets out to identify the main research themes and findings in the literature on labour relations and conditions on Western Cape fruit farms over the past 20 years. The paper also compares if and how farmworker livelihoods have changed since the heyday of Apartheid, and the role of the state in these changes. While farmworkers enjoy vastly more legal...

Innovative Approaches to Creating Opportunities and Incorporating Young Youth into Rwanda’s Labor Markets

This qualitative study identifies and analyzes the innovative approaches that will create employment opportunities and thus incorporate the youth into labor markets in Rwanda. This report reflects on the effectiveness of the innovative approaches and ascertains whether they are workable or not. According to this study, the key obstacles that the youth face in finding employment is the lack of...

Disaffected and Delinquent Male Youth in Rwanda: Understanding Pathways to Delinquency and the Role of Rehabilitation and Vocational Skills Training Final Report

The research in this paper aimed to provide clarifications on how the issue of disaffected and delinquent youth in Rwanda is handled and treated. Providing residential rehabilitation and training is expensive and therefore it needs to be used for those young men most in need of and likely to benefit from such training. What are the pathways to youth disaffection and delinquency? What are the most...

No Country Left Behind : The Case for Focusing Greater Attention on the World's Poorest Countries

Published: 2017
In the global pursuit of poverty reduction, a minority of countries risks being left behind, both in terms of their levels of deprivation and in the way global progress is accounted for. This suggests that the “leave no-one behind” principle, originally intended to draw attention to marginalized groups such as lower castes or the disabled, might equally be applied to countries. In a preliminary...

The Global Goal for Adaptation Under the Paris Agreement: Putting Ideas into Action

Sub-Saharan Africa, is recognized by the fifth assessment report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as the African region that is most vulnerable to drought and the impacts of climate change. Within the report, it is predicted that the annual precipitation is likely to decrease in the South-Western parts of South Africa, while projected rainfall change over sub-Saharan...

Bolstering Urbanization Efforts : Africa’s Approach to the New Urban Agenda Chapter 4

Published: 2016
This book chapter discusses Africa’s New Urban Agenda. The question for African cities as they expand in population and economic importance is twofold: How to grow in ways that are both sustainable and inclusive? And, what forms of governance can encourage sustainable physical and economic growth while also housing the capacity to enable it? These questions have grown more complex as city...

Gender Analysis for Sustainable Livelihoods and Participatory Governance in Rwanda

This report presents a gender analysis for sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance in Rwanda, in order to inform Oxfam’s Country Strategy programmes. Oxfam’s work in Rwanda is focused on two interlinked pillars – sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance. The findings from this gender analysis, will support Oxfam to “gender mainstream” its interventions by: identifying...

High Poverty Levels in the Face of Sustainable Economic Growth in Zambia

The highlights of this report are mainly as follows: Unprecedented growth was recorded in Zambia for more than a decade after recording an average growth rate of 7.2 % per annum. Growth over this period was achieved by a combination of factors which include: Economic Reforms, which include liberalization of the entire economy which in turn led to trade liberalization, liberalizing of the...

Linking Taxation and Social Protection: Evidence on Redistribution and Poverty Reduction in Ethiopia

Poverty reduction, and more recently inequality, are pressing concerns in many low and middle-income countries. This is not in the least due as a result of the Sustainable Development Goals committing countries to significant improvements by 2030. In order to reach these goals, redistribution is very important and is shaped by countries’ tax and welfare systems. Despite redistribution...

Recounting the Miseries of the Poor - A Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty in Zambia

The approach of this report is multi dimensional in nature, which means it considers additional poverty indicators alongside the traditional income approach. Therefore the report highlights some of the important aspects of human needs and the extent to which the population are lacking in them. These basic human needs include health, education and living conditions. In this regard, the poor are...

Election Quality, Public Trust are Central Issues for Africa's Upcoming Contests

"With at least 25 African countries conducting national elections in 2016-2017, great attention is focused on electoral management bodies – typically national electoral commissions – as crucial players in electoral processes and in shaping public perceptions of how well democracy is working. Poor electoral management can enable election fraud and, even if it doesn’t swing an election,...

Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever since the end of apartheid. However, this analysis shows, that whilst jobs bring down the unemployment rate, they are not necessarily a panacea for...

Are Africans Willing to Pay Higher Taxes or User Fees for Better Health Care?

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"In many parts of Africa, access to and quality of medical services remain poor. While economic growth in recent decades has fostered improved health care on the continent, weak funding, brain drain of trained professionals, and ongoing battles with diseases such as TB, HIV, diarrheal diseases, and malaria as well as recurring epidemics such as Ebola continue to put immense pressure on...

Do Africans Still want Democracy?

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
More than half of all Africans today live in functioning multi-party electoral democracies that are demonstrably freer than the military or one-party regimes that previously dominated the continent. At the same time, the post-1990 gains that African countries registered in terms of civil liberties and political rights peaked in 2006, at least according to expert judgments offered by Freedom House...

Zimbabweans Demand Accountability in Governance, Doubt Efficacy of Elections

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Demand for accountability in governance is solid among Zimbabweans, even if ensuring accountability requires slower government processes. Citizens clearly assign Parliament responsibility for making laws and for holding the president accountable for how taxpayer money is spent. Citizens also task the judiciary and the news media with holding the government accountable. Only pluralities...

After 50 Years, Freedom of Association is Firmly Established , Though far from Absolute, in Africa

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Fifty years ago today, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly enshrined a freedom that we had probably treasured ever since our evolution into social animals – the right to assemble and associate freely. All African countries except South Sudan are signatories or state parties to the ICCPR, committing them to “take positive measures to establish and maintain an enabling environment” for...

Winds of Change? Attitudes toward Renewable Energy Policy in Mauritius

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Most Mauritians support a move toward renewable energies even if it will raise their electricity bills, a good starting point for the government’s decarbonization strategy. Support for clean energy is particularly strong among better-educated, employed, economically better-off, younger, and male citizens. Regular consumption of news from social media, the Internet, and newspapers appears to...

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