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Emerging Trends in Africa's Electoral Processes

"The quest for competitive elections in Africa, with the modest gains made since the 1990s towards deepening democratisation, continues to underpin the continent’s efforts to create stable and growing democracies. Since the post-Cold War transition from single-party to multiparty systems, most African countries have embraced elections as their preferred option for power transfer. Drawing...

Zambia's Constitutional Groundhog Day: Why National Debate about Constitutional Reform is not Going Away Anytime Soon

"Since independence, Zambia has had five major constitutional amendments (an average of one every 10 years), a fact that has raised concerns about the country’s constitutional foundations. The constitution has been made a campaign issue in every presidential election since Zambia’s return to multiparty politics in the 1990s. In recent years, constitutional reform has become increasingly...

A Place for Subnational Governments at the International Climate Negotiating Table

"It can be difficult for subnational governments and cities to acquire a place at the negotiating table for international climate events, such as UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) gatherings. This is despite the fact that subnational governments are often best placed to implement the outcomes of climate change negotiations. The role of cities in global geopolitical...

South Africa's Drought Preparedness in the Water Sector: Too Little Too Late

"South Africa experiences droughts on a regular basis, often associated with significant negative impacts on society and the economy. Droughts can be forecast, and South African climate scientists have been developing computer-generated models to forecast El Niño-induced droughts. Even so, there is a tendency to implement remedial interventions when droughts occur, rather than implementing...

Is the Livestock Sector in Southern Africa Prepared for Climate Change?

"The climate of the Southern African region is moving towards drier and hotter regimes. Livestock production will be significantly affected by the change and variability of climate, yet the response to climate change in the region has been unco-ordinated and sporadic. The drought of 2015/2016, which has been the most severe in 35 years, has forced policymakers to rethink this issue. As a...

Climate Adaptation Readiness for Agriculture: Drought Lessons from the Western Cape, South Africa

"Agriculture is a critical component of national and sub-national economies, yet it is also highly vulnerable to weather extremes and scarce water resources. Climate change is increasing disaster risks in Southern Africa. Despite progress on integrated climate change and disaster risk management frameworks, the 2015/2016 El Niñolinked drought severely affected the region. The focus remains...

Influencer les Politiques Publiques : L’Expérience des OP du Sénégal / Influencing Public Policies : The Experience of Senegalese Producer Organizations

Agricultural producer organizatios have two main tasks: (i) provision of services to their members – which is the rationale of agricultural cooperatives - meeting within the National Union of Agricultural Cooperatives in Senegal (UNCAS) who organize the primary collection of the production of their members and the supply of agricultural inputs on credit. This is the case of many mutual savings...

The Role and Effectiveness of Special Economic Zones in Tanzania

The role and effectiveness of state-owned Export Processing Zones (EPZ) and Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in Tanzania is examined in this paper. Tanzania's objective is to become a middle income, semi-industrialized nation by 2025. Industrialization is expected to be an important catalyst in increasing the growth rate in the economy to above 10% per annum and in ensuring that growth is...

Southern Voice Measuring Post-2015 Sustainable Development in Senegal Phase II Follow-up Study

This report recommends, through an inclusive plan of action, concrete proposals that are consistent with national needs yet responsive to international challenges. A first recommendation is to ensure a strong political leadership and commitment from key decision-makers. This will facilitate a good ownership of the SDGs, and therefore their alignment with the Senegal’s new economic and social...

'What is the Value of the Constitution?' Value Chains, Livelihoods and Food Security in SA's Large and Small Scale Fisheries

"This paper seeks to assess the state of knowledge in relation to the interrelated subjects of value chains, livelihoods, food systems, and regulatory dynamics in South Africa’s large-­ and small-­scale fisheries. South Africa’s marine fisheries play an important role in sustaining the livelihoods and food security of poorer coastal communities. However, the post-­apartheid fisheries...

Outils Juridiques pour l'Emancipation des Citoyens Concertation Paysanne pour l'Influence de la Loi d'Orientation Agro Sylvo Pastorale au Senegal /Legal Instruments for the Emancipation of Peasant Citizens Dialogue Regarding the Influence of Agro Sylvo Pastoral Guidance Laws in Senegal

The experiment proposed in this case concerns the influence of farmers' organizations in the process of developing the Agro-Sylvo Pastoral Guidance Law (LOASP) in Senegal between 2002 and 2004. In addition to documenting this process, it is important to be interested in similar initiatives developed by non-governmental actors in the development of public policy. The methodology used in the...

Prendre en Compte les Droits Fonciers Collectifs dans la Reforme Fonciere au Senegal / Acknowledging Collective Land Rights in the Land Reform Process in Senegal

The introduction stated : When our country becomes a vast ocean of fenced and closed land, industrial-agricultural concessions, national parks and forest reserves, we will become foreigners on the land of our ancestors. In other words, we will have no more land for current or future generations. These premonitory statements of a civil society actor sound like a warning to be taken into...

Prendre en Compte les Droits Collectifs Pastoraux dans la Reforme Fonciere au Senegal / Acknowledgement of the Pastoral Collective Rights in the Land Reform Process in Senegal

The purpose of this paper is to review the policy and legal framework related to pastoral activities, to define the stakes of the articulation between land governance and pastoralism, and to formulate recommendations to policymakers, in particular to the National Land Reform Commission. / L’objet de la présente note est d’examiner le cadre politique et légal liés aux activités pastorales, de...

Assessment of Constraints in Technology Transfer System and Policies which Limit the Realisation of High Green Leaf Production in the Smallholder Tea Sector of the Kenya Tea Industry: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Efficiency and Supply of Tea Part II

Tea productivity in the smallholder sub sector has been relatively lower than in the estates sub sector over the years and the yields are still well below potential. This study investigated the efficiency of adoption of tea production technologies and some policy factors contributing to low tea productivity in the smallholder tea sub sector.The results of this study have policy implications at...

Analysis of Existing Institutional Arrangements and the Policy Environment for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-harvest Handling in Madagascar

Agriculture forms the livelihood of the overwhelming majority of Malagasy. The main staple crop is rice, occupying about two-thirds of all the available cropland. Malagasy agriculture is dependent mainly on small-scale subsistence farmers cultivating less than one hectare of land. The agricultural sector is now in crisis with decreased crop production due to a number of factors. These include a...

Analysis of Rwanda’s Agriculture Budget Expenditure 2015-2016

The country’s commitment to agriculture, is reflected in the budget allocation to this sector. The CAADP expenditure target of 10% budget allocation and 6% annual agriculture productivity growth remain with fluctuated targets. During the period 2014 and 2015, the agriculture growth rate varied between 5% and 6% and it is projected to be 5.1% for 2016. The agricultural growth and other related...

Évaluation Économique Ex-Post des Barrages de Niandouba et Confluent au Senegal / Retrospective Economic Evaluation of the Niandouba and Confluent Dams in Senegal

The people of the Sahel progress in terms of agro-climatic and economic vulnerability while the investment in water control is limited. The irrigation potential to mitigate this vulnerability is behind the renewed interest of States and development partners for increased investment in this area. In order to draw lessons from past experiences and optimize the profitability of large hydraulic...

Legal and Policy Framework for Children’s Rights in Rwanda

This document comprises a brief guide to the institutional, legal and policy framework for the promotion and protection of children’s rights in Rwanda. A strong commitment to children’s rights, was demonstrated in Rwanda, having ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1990 (Appendix One). Rwanda has made excellent progress in ensuring children’s rights with a number of...

The Impact of Large Scale Mining on the Livelihoods of Adjacent Communities : The Case of Geita Gold Mine, Tanzania

The contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District was assessed in this study. It specifically assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to which GGM has contributed to socio-economic development in the study area, and examined the communities’ perceptions of environmental problems...

Releve de Conclusions de l'Atelier Technique de Renforcement des Capacites sur le Theme - Dialogue Interparts, Gouvernance des Ressources Naturelles et Transformation Socio Economique des Pays d’Afrique Centrale / Summary of Conclusions of the Technical Workshop of Capacity Building on the Themes :Inter Party Dialogue, Natural Resource Governance and Socio Economic Transformation of Central African Countries

The Technical Capacity Building Workshop on Inter-Party Dialogue, Governance of Natural Resources and Socio-Economic Transformation of Central African Countries was held from 14 to 15 November 2016 in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, under the Chairmanship Of the Honorable Inzoungou Zely Pierre, Representative of the President of the Pan-African Parliament. The workshop was organized by the...

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