Latest Articles

Inequalities in the Context of Structural Transformation: Senegal Country Case Study

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
Since the late 1990s it has become a priority of Senegal to reduce inequality and poverty. The catalysts are the structural adjustment policies, which have had disastrous consequences on the living conditions of populations. The policies undertaken since then by the state are rising up to the urgent social problems related to poverty and social justice. Senegal has been facing many economic and...

Social Protection : What about Young People not in Employment, nor in Education, nor in Training ?

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2015
The paper assesses the phenomenon of NEET, it identified the key factors that drive the probability to belong to this category and explore targeting measures. In fact, due to the low vote of youth employment and the precariousness of their status in the labor market over the past years, an increasing interest for the analysis of the worrying situation of this category of young people who are...

Gender Variable in Agricultural Technology: A Case Of Rural Farmers in Machakos District - Eastern Kenya

Gender differentiated technology is not a new phenomenon. Indeed, most technologies are developed and tailored according to the stereotyped roles of men and women in society. In Africa, technological development has been modelled on western pre-selected packages and implemented everywhere, irrespective of their appropriateness to the environmental, cultural and economic context. The perception of...

Currency Reforms in Zimbabwe: An Analysis of Possible Currency Regimes

"The Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ) adopted a multiple currencies regime (MCR) in February 2009 and demonetized the Zimbabwean dollar in July 2009 after almost a decade of economic crisis. The MCR approach resulted in stabilizing the Zimbabwean economy; however, there are remaining concerns that need to be addressed. The purpose of this paper is to explore various options of currency regimes...

Capacity Building for the Promotion of Trade and Investment in Africa - Challenges and Strategies

The lack of capacity has hindered Africa from exploiting the investment and trade opportunities offered by the global economy. Most of the constraints and challenges are linked to ineffective policies, poor management systems and frameworks, weak governance, conflicts, HIV/AIDS and the heavy external debt, among others. Despite Africa’s efforts to lifting some of the developmental constraints,...

Africa: Major Development Challenges and their Capacity Building Dimensions

The paper examines eleven major development challenges, which face the African continent in its bid to achieve sustained growth and development in the 21st Century. Addressing these challenges is vital for achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals in Africa. To achieve the UN MDGs and the objectives of NEPAD, Africa needs to effectively tackle its development challenges. To do...

Empowering Women in Technology: Lessons from a Successful Woman Entrepreneur in Kenya Case Study No 10

"Over the past decade, Africa has experienced significant growth in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector. This can be attributed to the willingness of African countries to realize the transformational potential of ICTs to boost their economies. Unfortunately, despite the important role of African women in the economy of their countries, millions of them have no access to...

Exploration of Best-Practice Schemes in the Financing of National Statistical Agencies in Regions from which African Countries can Draw Beneficial Lessons

Poverty alleviation is at the forefront of the global development agenda. However, in its quest for sustainable development, Africa is lagging behind the rest of the world, with increasing numbers of poor people, a lack of schools, and inadequate access to water and basic health care. As a result, there is an increased demand for quality statistics to evaluate and monitor progress towards...

Policy and Institutional Dimensions of Africa's Political Economy in an Age of Globalization

The study’s main intention was to generate knowledge to enhance the efficacy of Africa’s political economy and development pathways by identifying alternative macroeconomic policy and institutional options that can be deployed to enable deeper socioeconomic transformation. So a key question: “What can Africa do to ensure inclusive growth?” This study finds that there is need to revisit...

Sudan North in the Shadow of the South

Published: 2012
This report summarises the four seminars in the series entitled “Sudan: North in the shadow of the South”. The first seminar in our series put the focus on environmental factors and the conflicts in Sudan. Pastoral migration, access to water and harvesting schemes are all influenced by environmental factors. However, as noted during the seminar by the speakers, Dr Gunnar Sørbø and Dr Guma Kunda...

Six Years of Sustained Dialogue at Ethiopian Universities

Published: 2014
"Conflicts in Ethiopia are fomented by structural as well as historical factors; both of which are driven by cultural dimensions. With internal dimensions and external triggers, ethnic and religious identity serves as a key mobilizing ground for conflict in Ethiopia. Where the two overlap, the division between identity groups is magnified and ethnic-based and religious-based grievances are...

Kenya Exploring Peaceful Coexistence in Nairobi's Urban Settlements, Eastleigh, Majengo, Mlango Kubwa

Published: 2016
The aim of this research project was to increase CCMRE’s and LPI’s understanding of the complex web of mechanisms affecting (strengthening or weakening) communal coexistence and social cohesion in two sub-administration units of Kamukunji Sub-County and one sub-administration of Mathare Sub-County of Nairobi. The key findings fall under three interrelated themes: Socio-economic challenges-Most...

Impact of Information Technology on the Nigerian Economy: A Study of Manufacturing and Services Sectors in the South Western and South Eastern Zones of Nigeria

"In Nigeria preliminary investigations show that only a few organizations in the economy have adopted the ICTs, but there has not been formal study to determine the level of adoption and impact on the efficiency of the organizations and the consequent effect on the nation's economy. This study, is therefore, designed to determine the level of adoption in the Nigerian organizations, and...

Socio-Economic Consequences of Technological Change on the Rural Non-Farm Igbo Women Entrepreneurs of South-Eastern Nigeria: Implications for Farm and Non-Farm Linkages

"Technological change has affected many aspects of rural women’s non-farm enterprises with many positive and negative socio-economic consequences on the women enterpreneurs and their households. This study investigated the extent of this change, and the socio-economic effects of the change on the rural Igbo women entrepreneurs engaged in cloth weaving, pot making, palm-oil processing, garri...

South-South Peacebuilding: Lessons and Insights from Turkey and South Africa's Support to Fragile States

"Emerging actors, such as providers of South–South cooperation (SSC), are increasingly playing a role in peacebuilding, particularly in fragile states and conflict-affected areas. While there is much discussion on the role of emerging donors in sustainable development, there is little empirical evidence on their contribution to peacebuilding and state building. Joint research by the South...

Invasive Plants and Food Security in Africa: The potential of Earth Observation Data

"The spread of invasive plant species has serious consequences for Africa. Toxic weeds and harmful shrubs significantly shrink rangelands and lower the productivity of major grain foods such as maize (in some instances by up to 45%). Toxic weeds suppress the growth of staple crops and take over fields that could otherwise be used for agriculture. The UN Sustainable Development Goals...

France in the Indian Ocean: A Geopolitical Perspective and Its Implications For Africa

"The world’s oceans have been brought back into focus in recent years. With an estimated economic value of some $2.5 trillion (ZAR 25.9 trillion), oceans collectively constitute the world’s seventh largest economy and hold a tremendous potential for further economic development.Today’s growing interest in maritime affairs, within the international community and among policymakers, revives...

Civil Society's Role in Shaping Zimbabwe's Diamond Governance

"Zimbabwe confirmed that alluvial diamonds had been discovered in the Marange area in Mutare District in 2006. However, as in many other African countries, the promise diamond mining holds for economic growth has been eroded by a lack of transparency and accountability. The country’s diamond sector has been bedevilled by smuggling, opaque licensing, human rights abuses, self-enrichment by...

Still no Alternative? Popular views of the Opposition in Southern Africa's One-party Dominant Regimes

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Following decades of authoritarian rule, multiparty democracy re-emerged in a “wave” of democratization in sub-Saharan Africa during the early 1990s. Twenty-nine countries in the region held founding elections – first competitive elections after an authoritarian period – between 1989 and 1994, of which 16 led to full democratic transitions. Today, African political regimes vary widely, from the...

Ambitious SDG Goal Confronts Challenging Realities: Access to Justice is still Elusive for Many Africans

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Access to justice for all citizens has long been recognized as a cornerstone of democracy, good governance, and effective and equitable development. Its centrality has recently been highlighted in the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal. Citizens report a number of serious barriers to access to justice. Most significantly, the perception that cases move too slowly through the courts is...

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