Latest Articles

Les Changements de la Gouvernance d’Entreprise : Une Lecture de la Dynamique du Conseil d’Administration à partir de la Théorie Sociologique du Champ / Changes in Corporate Governance: A Reading of the Dynamics of the Board of Directors from the Sociological Field Theory

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
This document aims at explaining the changes of the board of directors with the aid of the sociological field theory. The said changes depend on the modifications operated on the various forms of capital distribution between the directors which modify the power distribution between these actors. Thus, we can assure a balanced power distribution between the manager and the directors in order to...

Impact de la Microfinance sur la Pauvrete et les Inegalites : Une Analyse de Causalité Hétérogène en données de Panel / Impact of Microfinance on Poverty and Inequalities: A Heterogeneous Causality Analysis in Panel Data

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2015
This paper analyzed the impact of micro finance on poverty reduction and income inequalities by studying the causal links between the intensity of microfinance and two poverty indicators (Gini index and the poverty headcount ratio at 2$ / day). The researchers of this paper used the heterogeneous panel causality techniques on a sample of 44 developing countries in the period from 1996 to 2012....

Preventing Conflicts or Preventing Relapse: Understanding the Entry- Point of Emerging Peace Building Actors

It was argued in the paper that the dichotomy between conflict prevention and prevention of relapse seems to be the moot point of where emerging actors should intervene. The issues and trends discussed in the document demonstrate a greater leaning by emerging actors to lean towards conflict prevention while paying keen attention on relapse prevention where traditional peace building actors are...

Challenges Associated with Implementing Climate Change Mitigation Policy in South Africa

This paper aimed to explore challenges in the implementation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mitigation policy in South Africa using John Kingdon’s Multiple Streams Analysis (MSA) Framework. The research does not focus on the technical content of the policies but on institutional, public administration, political and political economy issues involved in policy implementation. While it is...

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

While various preconditions exist for the emergence and spread of violent extremist organizations into CAR, it remains difficult to determine if the country will experience an emergence of local cells connected to wider transnational or global terrorist networks. However, there are a number of catalytic factors which may greatly encourage this development. Firstly, it would include a marked...

Which Factors lead to Entry or Exit from Poverty in Developing Countries? A Meta-Analysis of Studies on the Dynamics of Poverty

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
This paper on the dynamics of poverty, identifies numerous factors which impact the probability of an individual or household entering into or exiting from a state of major deprivation. Education, demographics, agricultural and non agricultural assets and the community they live in, are the most cited. However, are they the most powerful levers for an individual or household to get out of poverty...

Key to the Horn Ethiopia’s Prospects to 2030

Ethiopia’s current path of development is explored in this brief, as well as the policies which are examined that could accelerate Ethiopia’s growth, support the country’s transition to lower-middle income status and advance human development up to 2030. It is a summary of a much more comprehensive independent report that was completed for the United States Agency for International Development,...

Final Fixing the Roof While the Sun is Shining Ten Lessons from Country Experiences with Fiscal Policy Rules

Country experiences was reviewed in this paper together with the implementation of fiscal policy rules with the objective of deriving policy relevant lessons for developing countries. To that end, it commenced by discussing what fiscal rules are, and why governments may choose to adopt them. Following onto that, it also explored country experiences centering on a range of design and...

Regionalism, Food Security and Economic Development

"It is remarkable that Africa, with enormous resource endowments and with more than 70 percent of the population engaged in agriculture, cannot feed itself. This background paper offers a critical assessment of the potential of regional trade and integration in addressing the enduring challenge of food insecurity in Africa. Drawing on the literature, the paper argues that regionalism offers...

Challenges Facing Africa's Regional Economic Communities in Capacity Building

"The concern for regional cooperation and integration in Africa predates independence. The period 1960-1980, however, witnessed the emergence of the major regional integration schemes that pushed forward the Continent’s economic integration agenda. Post-independence regional economic integration and cooperation efforts resulted in a variety of initiatives with overlapping membership and...

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Sierra-Leone

"Sierra Leone like Uganda, Rwanda and Mozambique offers an interesting case study on post-war reconstruction and capacity building in Africa. This small West African country became embroiled in a violent armed conflict in March 1991 when a small group of fighters of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) aided by Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL) attacked Bomaru, a...

Improving the Growth and Transition of Small and Medium Enterprises in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area

In the face of rising population numbers, urban areas in Uganda are increasingly facing competition for their resources. More than one out of every five Ugandans are residing in urban areas and the urban population is expected to triple in the next two decades. Most of the urban population resides in the Kampala Metropolitan Area (GKMA)— a region challenged with unemployment and inadequate...

Mapping Opportunities for the Consolidation of Peace in Liberia “Voices from the Countryside”

The results from the study determine that Liberia is rife with existing and looming conflicts, which have the potential to undermine national peace and stability. Essentially, the findings of this study resonate with previous conflict-mapping exercises, and reveal that there are three critical conflict drivers that present the most eminent threat to the sustainability of the nation’s fragile...

Performance Measurement in Capacity Building A Review of Frameworks and Indicators by Development Partner Institutions in Public Service Management

"Africa suffers from a conspicuous shortage of human and institutional capacity, which is a major constraint to economic growth, poverty reduction and sustainable development. Many of the African governments lack capacity to design, implement and monitor development programmes, have weak links with the private sector and civil society, and have poor transparency and accountability mechanisms...

Analysis of Indigenous Knowledge in Swaziland: Implications for Sustainable Agricultural Development

"The search for sustainable solutions to the development and technology problems that continue to confront developing countries has led to renewed interest in the potential contribution of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) to research and development activities. This has been defined as a systematic body of knowledge acquired by local people through accumulation of experiences, informal experiments...

Analysis and Comparison of the Agricultural Development Programme and University Agricultural Technology Transfer Systems in Nigeria

Nigerian agricultural technology transfer policy since political independence emphasized transfer of technical information to farmers using various agro-technology transfer systems.This study comparatively analysed technology generation, transfer and utilization sub-systems of the ADP and university in Nigeria. This report examined the concept of agro-technology transfer and presents success...

Women and Engineering in Nigeria: Towards Improved Policy Initiatives and Increased Female Participation

"This study has attempted to generate data on institutions that are representative of others in order to reveal the rate of participation of women in engineering. The data presented are more than adequate to enable the researcher to reach conclusions. The study showed and confirmed the low rate of enrolment and graduation of women in engineering. It also revealed practices in institutions...

Tobacco Taxation in West Africa : Overview Issues and Options for Tobacco Control

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
The way in which tobacco products are taxed in West African countries is the result of both national and regional legislations. Four important features are highlighted in this review, in the current policies and practices that are not in step with the objectives of tobacco control, namely the practice of levying excise duty on an ad valorem basis as pursuant to the Community Directives on...

Optimal Health Investment and Preferences Structure

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
This paper develops a general equilibrium framework to study the role of preference structure in connecting consumption, health investment, stock of health and capital, and their effects on the wage rate and on productivity. The paper shows that elasticities of health production, health investment and health cost determine jointly how health influences the wage rate. The steady state and the...

Macroeconomic Policy Formation in Senegal: Challenges in Formation and Coordination

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2012
Twenty years after the independence of 1960 – this period is characterized by a significant centralization in the management of the economy and the use of planning. However the effectiveness of the government’s policies had been questioned when the country faced a sharp debt crisis in the 1980s. The austerity related to the adjustment programs following that crisis did not allow economic growth...

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