Latest Articles

A Case Study of the Ivory Park Community Work Programme

The CWP provides two days of work per week (up to 100 days per year) to unemployed people who have been enrolled into the programme. This enables participants to use the other three days to look for long-term employment and other opportunities. This report is based on a research study which was conducted in Ivory Park between June and September 2014. The aim of the research in Ivory Park was...

Working for Safety: The Community Work Programme as a Tool for Preventing Violence and Building Safer Communities

The primary purpose of the CWP is to provide an employment safety net. By working in the CWP people who are poor can obtain a basic stable income. But the CWP also makes a big difference to life in the communities in which it is situated. Through the work that it does it contributes to community development. CWP participants do many different types of work. These include things like care work,...

The Good, the Better and the Best: How the Community Work Programme can Reach its Full Potential as an Instrument of Community Development in South Africa

By providing an employment safety net, the CWP offers enormous benefits. Although the payments that people receive are relatively small, they contribute to raising average household incomes and stimulating local economies in areas with high levels of poverty and unemployment. It is a major undertaking to establish and manage a CWP site in an efficient and fair manner. The basic management of...

Building Capacity for Domestic Resource Mobilization: The Role of Development Partners

Published: 2016
The funding sources for development programs have been neither stable nor predictable, particularly after the global financial crisis in 2008. It has become clear that while donor financing remains important, overreliance on donor funding will not sustainably drive the success of the two continental agendas, hence the need to focus on other development finance options such as domestic resource...

Building Capacity for Domestic Resource Mobilization: Role of the Private Sector

Published: 2016
Success in implementing Agenda 2063 and the Sustainable Development Goals depends largely on the availability and adequacy of resources. Africa realizes that industrialization is the way to go, as outlined in the two continental development plans, but it is inevitable that resources to fund these programs must be mobilized domestically. Domestic resource mobilization (DRM) was recognized as one...

Building Capacity for Domestic Resource Mobilization: The Role of the Government

Published: 2016
Africa adopted an industrialization strategy, and committed to implement Agenda 2063 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), all of which require adequate funding. Given that no African country fully achieved all the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) largely due to funding constraints, domestic resource mobilization is therefore a very critical issue.Thus African governments are responsible...

Building Capacity for Domestic Resource Mobilization: The Role of the Civil Society

Published: 2016
With the recent adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the commitment of Africa to implement Agenda 2063, which is the continent’s development blueprint, domestic resource mobilization becomes a crucial issue. Given the background that most African countries did not fully achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) due to over- reliance on donor resources, enhancing...

Challenge of African Youth Unemployment

Published: 2016
Many African youth face high unemployment or employment in low-wage temporary jobs that compound their poverty, especially in northern and southern Africa. Urban areas have much higher rates of unemployment than rural areas—as do women than men—and, it seems, higher income countries. The reasons are similar across the continent—relatively rapid economic growth with inadequate job creation, and a...

Infrastructure Development and Financing in Sub-Saharan Africa: Toward a Framework for Capacity Enhancement

Published: 2016
"Of the world’s developing regions, Sub-Saharan Africa has the worst infrastructure deficit, with studies pointing to lost growth opportunities. This study presents in one document information previously dispersed on the region’s infrastructure stock and modes of financing. It assesses infrastructure’s role in the region’s economic growth. It identifies specific capacity constraints that...

Development Drivers in Africa: Role of Innovation

"Africa has recovered from the 2008-2009 financial crisis and posted high growth levels as seen before the crisis. The region has also been able to generate a sizable middle class of over 300 million people, who are educated, connected, and aware. Such success was possible partly because of the discipline in putting in place the right macroeconomic policies and managing to stick with...

African Union Agenda 2063 African Critical Technical Skills Key Capacity Dimensions Needed for the First Ten Years of Agenda 2063

Published: 2016
The single biggest challenge to ownership of Africa’s development agenda and management of its key development programs is grounded in the issue of critical technical skill (CTS) in Africa. To achieve the vision of Agenda 2063, as well as Africa’s ideology and existential imperative to fulfill its destiny as a great continent of the future, it must own, use, and have faith in its own CTS...

Lessons From Rwanda: Female Political Representation and Women's Rights

"Gender equality is a basic human right that entails equal opportunities for men and women in all facets of life: socially, economically, developmentally and politically. According to the Beijing Platform for Action, without the active participation of women in and the incorporation of their perspectives at all levels of decision-making, the goals of equality, development and peace cannot be...

African Union Agenda 2063 Capacity Development Plan Framework Buttressing Implementation of the First 10 Year plan - " The Africa We Want"

Published: 2016
During the AU Golden Jubilee Summit, Member States pledged to commit themselves to the continent’s development and technological transformation through a continental strategic framework, Agenda 2063, and to national development plans through a people- driven process. Furthering decisions of the AU Executive Council, the AUC formulated goals, targets, and strategies to realize Agenda 2063. The AUC...

Balancing Coal Mining and Conservation in South-West Ethiopia

"Ethiopia is confronted by the challenges of a growing population and a diminishing natural resources base. The country’s economic growth has relied heavily on agriculture, but progress in this sector has been hampered by the lack of access to agricultural inputs like fertiliser. Ethiopia has devised a range of development strategies for meeting agricultural and energy needs through the...

Survey of the Capacity Needs of Africa's Regional Economic Communities and Strategies for Addressing them

Published: 2016
The second Capacity Survey of the Regional Economic Communities in Africa aims to reassess the capacity needs of the eight RECs in African Union (AU) member states in line with their new strategic thrusts and prospective development imperatives. It also seeks to provide strategic guidance to the key development partners of the RECs on strategic programming. The study recognizes the need for...

Africa Capacity Report 2017: Building Capacity in Science, Technology and Innovation for Africa's Transformation

Published: 2016
African countries have shown their interest and willingness to strive for science, technology, and innovation (STI)-led development in the coming years.This Report shows that capacity in its various dimensions, though improving, remains a problem for African economies generally, not just for STI. But a more important message emerges: even though two-thirds of African countries have STI policies...

Climate Change Adaptation Readiness: Lessons from the 2015/2016 El Niño for Climate Readiness in Southern Africa

"Southern Africa is experiencing its worst drought in at least 35 years. The drought is associated with an acute El Niño cycle, a periodic weather phenomenon that affects weather patterns across large regions of the globe, including Southern Africa. While the El Niño cycle is not linked directly to broader climate change processes, an assessment of the region’s responses to the current...

A Fine Balance: Assessing the Quality of Governance in Botswana

"This is the inaugural Democracy Index for Botswana and is intended to set a benchmark for democracy to be measured against in the future. It has several aims, the first of which is to set out evidence affirming Botswana’s credentials as a democracy. It goes on to demonstrate that Botswana is actually a minimalist democracy: a system that does as little as possible to engender participation...

The "Islamic State" Organization: a Continuation of al Qaeda or an Emerging Rift? / L'organisation "Etat Islamique" : Continuation d'Al Qaeda ou émergence en rupture

Published: 2016
The establishment of the Mujahideen contingent in 1980, in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet occupation, opened the door to the globalization of jihadism, which until then had been confined to local and national dimensions. This globalization gave rise to the first international terrorist group, Al Qaeda. International terrorism took another dimension, with the United States’ invasion...

The Importance of Agricultural Policy in Terms of Security, Defense and Sovereignty / L’importance des Politiques Agricoles en Termes de Sécurité, de Défense et de Souveraineté

Published: 2016
Does agriculture indeed no longer have any place in national defense strategies? If the European and OECD examples encourage an affirmative answer, the counter-example comes from the United States of America, which considers agriculture and food issues as an integral part of national security. In the US defense doctrine, food security not only concerns the food industry, but it also concerns all...

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