Latest Articles

Pathways for Irrigation Development: Policies and Irrigation Performance in Zimbabwe

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2017
"This report presents the findings of a rapid review to determine the policies and politics that have shaped irrigation practice and performance in Zimbabwe over the past 40–50 years. We conducted a political analysis to assess how politics and specific interests shape technical performance and outcomes, and the trade-offs between them. Based on this, we identified opportunities for...

Arab Maghreb Union SADR Equation : A Moroccan Opening?

South Africa could go a long way toward restoring its African diplomatic credentials as the continent’s default leader. Were South Africa willing and able to negotiate a compromise bridging the Moroccan-SADR/Algeria divide? In the process, should a UMA-SADR synthesis emerge, this could potentially result in a stabilizing game changer for regional and trans-Mediterranean security in the Maghreb....

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Rwanda

"The Report is thematically organized. It starts with a theoretical presentation that informs the explanation of the nature of conflicts and their costs in the African settings. A short historical background of the Rwandan political economy follows this discussion. This is followed by a presentation on the root causes of the conflict and their cost in the African settings. A short historical...

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Uganda

Post-colonial events in Uganda are easily divided into four periods corresponding to the dominant political regimes: the newly independent government under Milton Obote from 1963-71; the Amin era 1971-79; Obote 11 1980-85, the National Resistance Movement government 1986 to present. The three periods have had far reaching implications for the evolution of the capacity development in Uganda....

Review of Public Expenditure Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published: 2007
"Public expenditure is one of the critical ingredients of a country’s development. To ensure that public expenditure is efficient and effective, it is essential that resource allocation decisions are underpinned by sound analysis and that a well-designed set of institutions, systems, processes, and a performance focus guide budget formulation and execution. Public expenditure issues touch on...

Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-Conflict Countries in Africa: a Summary of Lessons of Experience from Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Uganda

Published: 2004
The main objective of the study has been to draw lessons of experience that could provide a guide to policies, strategies and instruments for post-conflict capacity-building initiatives. The four country studies highlighted the fact that root causes are different in different countries at different times and that they require country-specific approaches to bring countries back to the path of...

Challenges of Knowledge Harvesting and the Promotion of Sustainable Development for the Achievement of the MDGS in Africa

"In the present global economy, knowledge production is taking place at a fast pace. Knowledge is also becoming obsolete rapidly. For Africa to compete globally, it is imperative that it not only has access to global knowledge, but more importantly, it needs to harvest and harness existing local knowledge systematically. While a wealth of information and knowledge exists on the continent...

Do Firms Learn by Exporting or Learn to Export : Evidence from Senegalese Manufacturers’ Plants

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2013
The increasing number of literature investigating the impact of trade openness on firm efficiency has not yet provided a definite prediction on the direction of causality. This paper investigated the relation between exporting and productivity on the Senegalese manufacturing sectors. Using a unique firm-level panel data for the period 1998-2011, a productivity and exporting dynamics is estimated...

At the Confluence Where Human Rights and Conflict Transformation Meet: A Selection of Content and Exercises that Explore Working at the Confluence of Human Rights and Conflict Transformation

This learning series was born out of the identified need for human rights activists and lawyers to develop or deepen their facilitation skills to meet the needs of a changing socio-political environment. There was also a benefit to exploring the intersection between the fields of conflict transformation/peacebuilding and human rights with a view to seeing how they could complement each other in...

Do Electoral Handouts Affect Voting Behaviour?

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"The literature on vote-buying often assumes a complete transaction of cash for votes. While there is ample evidence that candidates target certain voters with cash handouts, it is unclear whether these actually result in higher turnout and vote shares for the distributing party. Empirically, using different matching techniques and accounting for district-level factors, we find that cash...

Nonlinearities in International Productivity Growth

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2012
The research in the paper consists of country panel data spanning over 1998-2008 for both developed and developing countries to study the productivity growth when countries are close to the technology frontier. Relying on a semi-parametric generalized additive model, both reduced and structural forms for total factor productivity growth was estimated. Three measurements of frontier were...

A No -Confidence Vote? Mozambicans still Vote, but Faith in Democracy is Slipping / Um voto de desconfiança? Os Moçambicanos ainda votam, mas a fé na democracia está a diminuir

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Since independence in 1975, Mozambique’s history has been marked by deep economic crises, political instability, and widespread human-rights violations. In 1990, after 16 years of civil war between the governing Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO) and the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO), the government of former President Joaquim Alberto Chissano established a democratic...

The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying out attacks in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. Over the past year, under President Buhari, an overhaul of Nigeria’s counter-insurgency strategy and improved...

Public Trust in Elections: The Role of Media Freedom and election Management Autonomy

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"As multiparty elections have become a global norm, scholars and policy experts regard public trust in elections as vital for regime legitimacy. However, very few cross-national studies have examined the consequences of electoral manipulation, including the manipulation of election administration and the media, on citizens’ trust in elections. This paper addresses this gap by exploring how...

Evaluation des Impacts des Crises et des Réponses Politiques Mises en œuvre au Sénégal : Situation des Enfants et Simulations de Politiques de Protection Sociale / Evaluation of the Impacts of Crises and Political Responses Implemented in Senegal: Situation of Children and Simulations of Social Protection Policies

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2011
This study focused on the impacts of crises in recent years (food, energy, economic and financial) and the policy responses on the situation of children in Senegal. From an overall assessment of the social and economic policies implemented to meet the effects of the crises, the paper have successively addressed the following issues: 1) the impact of the crises on the Senegalese economy; 2) the...

Les Politiques Agricoles: Alignement sur les Objectifs Officiels et Efficience / Agricultural Policy Alignment with Official Objectives and Efficiency

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2013
This research shows that the agricultural sector is characterized by a large number of departments (five) and autonomous institutions as well as by an instability that make it difficult to coordinate government interventions. This plurality does not allow a coherent intervention of the different state actors and promotes a dispersion of human material and financial resources. The weakness of the...

Le Refinancement Bancaire des 
Structures de Microfinance :
 Modelisation et Estimations sur Donnees de Panel / Bank Refinancing of Microfinance Structures Modeling and Evaluation of Panel Data

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2012
The purpose of this contribution is to empirically analyze the determinants of capital raised by microfinance Institutions in the banking sector. The approach adopted is as follows. Based on statistics gathered in the field, the researchers tried to model the refinancing relationship in order to validate the elements gathered during discussions with managers and MFIs. The focus is on whether the...

Digging a Future? Citizens see Positive Impact of Mining in Madagascar

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"Madagascar is blessed with some of the world’s largest known natural-resource reserves, especially high-grade iron ore and precious stones such as alluvial sapphires. At the same time, its people are among the world’s poorest. Given the wealth of natural resources and poverty of the people, this dispatch examines how ordinary Malagasy view the impacts of the mining sector. Does it reduce...

Incertitudes et Performances Macroéconomiques dans la Zone UEMOA /Uncertainties and Macroeconomic Performances in WAEMU Area

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
The purpose of this article is to investigate the causal relationship between inflation and its uncertainty, output growth and uncertainty and between nominal uncertainty and real uncertainty. First the GARCH process is used that generates a conditional variance of the inflation variable and the output growth variable in the UEMOA zone. With this conditional variance as a measure of uncertainty...

Défis d'un Changement de Fiscalité sur le Tabac dans une Communauté économique : cas de l'Afrique de l'Ouest /Challenges of a Tax Change on Tobacco In an Economic Community: Case of West Africa

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
Tobacco taxation in West Africa is one of the lowest in the world, resulting in a very low price level and making tobacco very affordable. This makes smoking an important problem for each of these countries with low economies, with a population under 40 years of age and a prevalence of up to 36%. After presenting the different types of taxes applicable to tobacco and analyzing their...

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