Latest Articles

South-South Peacebuilding: Lessons and Insights from Turkey and South Africa's Support to Fragile States

"Emerging actors, such as providers of South–South cooperation (SSC), are increasingly playing a role in peacebuilding, particularly in fragile states and conflict-affected areas. While there is much discussion on the role of emerging donors in sustainable development, there is little empirical evidence on their contribution to peacebuilding and state building. Joint research by the South...

Invasive Plants and Food Security in Africa: The potential of Earth Observation Data

"The spread of invasive plant species has serious consequences for Africa. Toxic weeds and harmful shrubs significantly shrink rangelands and lower the productivity of major grain foods such as maize (in some instances by up to 45%). Toxic weeds suppress the growth of staple crops and take over fields that could otherwise be used for agriculture. The UN Sustainable Development Goals...

France in the Indian Ocean: A Geopolitical Perspective and Its Implications For Africa

"The world’s oceans have been brought back into focus in recent years. With an estimated economic value of some $2.5 trillion (ZAR 25.9 trillion), oceans collectively constitute the world’s seventh largest economy and hold a tremendous potential for further economic development.Today’s growing interest in maritime affairs, within the international community and among policymakers, revives...

Civil Society's Role in Shaping Zimbabwe's Diamond Governance

"Zimbabwe confirmed that alluvial diamonds had been discovered in the Marange area in Mutare District in 2006. However, as in many other African countries, the promise diamond mining holds for economic growth has been eroded by a lack of transparency and accountability. The country’s diamond sector has been bedevilled by smuggling, opaque licensing, human rights abuses, self-enrichment by...

Still no Alternative? Popular views of the Opposition in Southern Africa's One-party Dominant Regimes

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Following decades of authoritarian rule, multiparty democracy re-emerged in a “wave” of democratization in sub-Saharan Africa during the early 1990s. Twenty-nine countries in the region held founding elections – first competitive elections after an authoritarian period – between 1989 and 1994, of which 16 led to full democratic transitions. Today, African political regimes vary widely, from the...

Ambitious SDG Goal Confronts Challenging Realities: Access to Justice is still Elusive for Many Africans

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Access to justice for all citizens has long been recognized as a cornerstone of democracy, good governance, and effective and equitable development. Its centrality has recently been highlighted in the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal. Citizens report a number of serious barriers to access to justice. Most significantly, the perception that cases move too slowly through the courts is...

A Critique of the De-listing of ZMDC off the European Union Sanctions List

Publisher: Centre for Natural Resource Governance (CNRG)
Published: 2013
"On 16 September 2013, the European Union announced that Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation (ZMDC) would be removed from its list of sanctioned entities, pending formalization by EU Foreign Ministers. According to the statement ZMDC would be allowed to sell diamonds in the European Union from the 25th of September 2013. This paper seeks to discuss the circumstances surrounding the...

A Tale of Two Countries: A Comparison of Botswana and Zimbabwe's Diamond Industries

Publisher: Centre for Natural Resource Governance (CNRG)
Published: 2013
In 2012 SADC produced 56.1% of the rough diamonds globally, but was still one of the poorest regions. This report compares the development, constraints and stages of the diamond supply chain in Zimbabwe and Botswana. The mining legislation and bargaining power of the Botswana government have influenced the economic growth of Botswana's mining industry, whereas Zimbabwe has still been...

Can the APRM be an Effective Tool to Monitor Agenda 2063 and the SDGs?

"Monitoring and evaluation has emerged as a central concern in development thinking. Both the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the AU’s Agenda 2063 represent responses to Africa’s developmental deficits, with much overlap between them. They will need a robust mechanism to trace the progress that is being made, and this study explores whether – rather than attempting to construct...

Paris Agreement in Practice: What Next for Africa and Developing Countries? Based on the Proceedings of the 3rd Global Climate Policy Conference Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, 13-14 July 2016

Published: 2016
This report summarises findings of the 3rd Global Climate Policy Conference (GCPC) held on 13- 14 July 2016 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The theme of GCPC 2016 was “Implementing the Paris Agreement: new research solutions for developing countries”. Despite the comprehensive and universal nature of the Paris Agreement, much support is still necessary to help developing countries deliver on their...

Report on the Situation of Coal Mining in Hwange Special focus on Hwange Colliery Company

Publisher: Centre for Natural Resource Governance (CNRG)
Published: 2016
After interaction with several community members the team discovered that coal mining in Hwange was doing more harm to the community and the environment than good. The situation in Hwange clearly showed that there is need to end destructive mining and search for alternatives to extraction. It was evident that Zimbabwe, the rest of Africa and the world beyond need a model of development that is...

Environmental Impact Assessment Report for Hwange Coal Mining Activities

Publisher: Centre for Natural Resource Governance (CNRG)
Published: 2017
Coal mining negatively affects the livelihoods of many in communities, destroys animal habitats, and pollutes the environment whilst at the same time its burning significantly contributes to climate change. Many communities in developed countries have struggled against the impacts of coal mining. This Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report will comprehensively detail the natural and...

Dark side of BRICS Investment

Publisher: Centre for Natural Resource Governance (CNRG)
Published: 2014
In October 2013, Zimbabwe’s government released its economic blueprint for the next five years, the Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic Transformation (Zim Asset). The policy focuses its funding on the BRICS. BRICS investments in Zimbabwe over the past decade have been often highly controversial and of little consequence to employment creation and revenue generation. BRICS nations make...

Managing Relations Between Investors in the Extractive Sector and Local Communities

Published: 2016
"In the mining sector, as in other sectors, such as agriculture, that powerfully affect the lives of local communities, there is growing recognition that communities play an essential role in governance. Across the world, people are becoming more aware of their traditional land rights as well as the profound ecological, social and economic implications arising from the extraction of mineral...

Enabling African Businesses to Transform the Continent

Published: 2016
"Africa needs a strong, modern, competitive, innovative and dynamic private sector to drive economic growth and sustainable development. The success of efforts to lift millions out of poverty and improve the lives of all Africans as envisioned by the African Union’s Agenda 2063 will depend largely on the sector’s ability to strategically exploit the continent’s untapped natural resources and...

Enabling African Businesses to Transform the Continent

Published: 2016
"Africa needs a strong, modern, competitive, innovative and dynamic private sector to drive economic growth and sustainable development. The success of efforts to lift millions out of poverty and improve the lives of all Africans as envisioned by the African Union’s Agenda 2063 will depend largely on the sector’s ability to strategically exploit the continent’s untapped natural resources and...

Enabling African Businesses to Transform the Continent

Published: 2016
"Africa needs a strong, modern, competitive, innovative and dynamic private sector to drive economic growth and sustainable development. The success of efforts to lift millions out of poverty and improve the lives of all Africans as envisioned by the African Union’s Agenda 2063 will depend largely on the sector’s ability to strategically exploit the continent’s untapped natural resources and...

Public-Private Partnerships in Sub-Saharan Africa Case Studies for Policymakers 2017

Published: 2017
PPPs for infrastructure involves the private sector in designing, building, financing and operating public infrastructure in sectors such as power generation, transportation, utilities, social infrastructure and government accommodation. Unlike privatisation infrastructure procured through a PPP remains a public-sector asset. The growth in PPPs has been attributed to several reasons, including...

Analysis of Existing Data on Torture in South Africa with Specific Focus on Annual Reports Published by IPID and JICS

The practice of torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment (CIDT) remains a major human rights violation in post-apartheid South Africa. Currently, there is little information on patterns and trends of torture in South Africa. This research report seeks to fill this gap, analysing data collected and annual reports released by two government oversight bodies, namely, the Judicial...

A Follow-up Report on the Community Work Programme in Bokfontein

In this community, people worked in various projects such as road maintenance, gardening, home-based care, afterschool care, cutting grass, installing pipes for water, and working on the park. All these projects were also found to be effective in facilitating peace, reconciliation and healing amongst community members. It is against this backdrop that we were interested to explore the long-term...

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