Latest Articles

Housing Policies in Africa & Brazil: The Role of PPPs for Low-Income Housing

Housing is part of the United Nations 11th Sustainable Development Goal, which is to “make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”. One of the most important targets of such a goal is to “ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums”. Since 2007, the world has faced rising inequality, insecurity and climate change impact. According...

Politics, Policies and Prospects of the MENA Region

Published: 2016
The MENA region is vital for Europe economically as a source of energy and as a large and historically rapidly growing market. However, politically, it is a source of unwanted migration, conflicts, and geopolitical instability. The analysis in this Policy Brief is about the diversity of the MENA region by highlighting some economic features. It also discusses a reform agenda for the region based...

Gouvernance dans les Institutions de Microfinance : Contingence et Apprentissage Organisationnel / Governance in Microfinance Institutions: Contingency and Organizational Learning

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2015
This work aims to show the central role of contingency variables and organizational learning for the definition of effective modes of governance in MFIs. Thus, the dependence of the MFI on resources, the culture that can be national or organizational and the stage of development, determine the governance of these entities. Organizational learning also determines the ability of MFIs to adapt their...

Libertés et Contraintes dans la Règlementation du Marché des Télécommunications en Afrique de l'Ouest exemple du Marché Sénégalais / Freedoms and Constraints in the Regulation of the Telecommunications Market in West Africa - Senegalese Market Example

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2013
The United States have for years reserved the management pf their telecommunications sector for a single public company, but it later became a private company. The company operated within the framework of a regulation that defined its rights and obligations. It was in the mid-1970s that the deregulation movement originated in the United States, mainly due to advances in ICTs, the globalization...

Appartenance à un Réseau, Gouvernance et Performance dans les Coopératives d’épargne et de Crédit au Cameroun / Network Membership, Governance and Performance in Savings and Credit Cooperatives in Cameroon

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
This work aims to show the central role of the network in the functioning of governance systems regarding savings and credit cooperatives, and to assess the influence of the membership of a cooperative in a network on its performance. Based on an empirical study of a sample of network-affiliated cooperatives and independent cooperatives, the Board of Directors and network oversight are the main...

The Importance of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Published: 2016
Heads of State met in September 2015, at the United Nations General Assembly to announce the end of the term of “Millennium Development Goals” (MDGs) and commit to a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The 17 SDGs were written by disciplinary teams, and as they are formulated now, they recognize the inter linkages between well-being, economic prosperity and a healthy environment. A...

The Global Outlook, Secular Stagnation and the MENA Region

Published: 2016
Despite the gloomy tone of much discussion at the just-concluded IMF and World Bank annual meetings, the global economy is not in as bad shape as many think. The concerns about “secular stagnation” in advanced countries are also overplayed, and nor are developing countries directly exposed to such risks. By contrast, the pessimism about the prospects for MENA are unfortunately largely justified....

2017 TANA Forum Report No Retreat, No Surrender

Various themes that link natural resource extraction and governance to violent conflict in Africa is explored in this background paper, which not only captures the state of practice in natural resource governance from the vantage point of various key actors like the state, global governance institutions and civil society, but also explores the more recent ideational trends which could be...

The BRICS in an Age of Multipolarity: Sustaining Strategic Partnerships under Difficult Economic Conditions

Published: 2017
This journal comprises several articles related to international relations. The first article is titled : The BRICS in an age of multipolarity: Sustaining strategic partnerships under difficult economic conditions by Philani Mthembu. While much has been achieved by these countries against the backdrop of much criticism and scepticism regarding their cooperation, questions still remain in a...

How to Implement Domestic Resource Mobilization (DRM) Successfully for Effective Delivery of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Africa Illustrative Actionable Solutions for Policy Leaders

Published: 2016
Part 1 of this policy series followed on the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015. A comprehensive analytical and predictive model was created which explained the key factors leading to failure or success of DRM strategies in Africa. In part 2, concrete illustrations of actionable solutions were created in order to help policy leaders implement DRM successfully for effective...

Diaspora, Development and Morocco

Published: 2015
This policy paper reviews what is known about the contribution that the diaspora can make to development in the country of origin, drawing from a small but rapidly growing empirical literature on the subject. It then further examines the needs of the diaspora and the development role it can play through its organizations. The main focus of the paper is on migration and diaspora in the Middle...

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

Published: 2017
Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a result of a seven-year-old insurgency by Boko Haram, an Islamist militant group, which provoked forced displacement as well as massive infrastructure...

Life beyond BRICS? South Africa’s Future Foreign Policy Interests

South Africa is rapidly approaching the end of Jacob Zuma’s tenure as president of the country. Zuma will likely step down shortly after the election of a new leadership of the African National Congress (ANC) at its December 2017 National Conference and well before the conclusion of his second term as president of South Africa in 2019. This would avoid a ‘two centres of power’ problem (a new...

Changement Climatique, Degradation Environnementale Et Quete D'Utilisation Des Resources Naturelles: Miracle ou Mirage? / Climate Change, Environmental Degradation and the Quest for the usage of Natural Resources: Miracle or Mirage?

Climate change requires an understanding of how it works to build effective management policies, since contemporary climatic variability has led to disruptions in natural ecosystems and social disorder. It is therefore necessary to revisit certain key concepts (e.g. degradation, natural resources, effects etc.) before examining the reality of environmental degradation with regard to undesirable...

Examining Nigeria's Learning Crisis: Can Communities be Mobilized to take Action?

Policy design and interventions in basic education until recently, were unduly focused on increasing school enrollment in developing countries, with little attention on improving the quality of learning. Using two states in Nigeria – Lagos and Kano, this paper analyzed the extent to which School Based Management Committees (SBMCs) mobilized actions (collective and private) to improve school-level...

Technological Capability in the Nigerian Leather Industry: A Firm-Level Case Study

Until the 1980's technology in the Third World centered around inward technology transfer. Since then the focus shifted to indigenous technological capability as a result of the successful industrial transformation in the newly industrializing countries of East Asia and Latin America. This report is centered on a firm-level case study of technology capability on the leather tanning firms in...

Technology Transfer and Acquisition in the Oil Sector and Government Policy in Nigeria

"The analysis presented in this report shows the level of development and upgrading of the core technological capabilities in the Nigerian oil industry since independence in 1960. The study examines the nature of technological capabilities formed in the Nigerian oil industry and the effects of government policy on technological capability building in the oil industry. The study is focused on...

Conflict Prevention What’s in it for the AU?

Several conflict prevention initiatives was developed by the African Union (AU) since its inception in 2002. Now, with the increased expectation for more effective responses to conflicts, the AU must reflect on its different roles and improve its ability to implement policy frameworks with the goal of preventing conflicts and sustaining peace. The role of the AU in conflict prevention...

Acquisition of Technological Capability in Africa: A Case Study of Indigenous Building Materials Firms in Nigeria

"Throughout the world, developing countries are facing severe problems with regard to the supply of building materials, the core of the construction sector. As populations grow and interactions improve and as aspirations to higher living standards rise, so the demand for buildings both quantitatively and qualitatively grows even more rapidly. In the provision of shelter especially, the...

Pathways for Irrigation Development: Policies and Irrigation Performance in Tanzania

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2017
Amid global concerns over rising food and fuel prices, changing diets and climate change, irrigated agriculture has an important role to play in increasing food production in an uncertain and resource-constrained world. For many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, it is also a key part of strategies to boost economic growth and tackle rural poverty. This report presents the findings of a rapid...

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