Latest Articles

Beyond Rhetoric Engaging Africa’s Youth in Democratic Governance

The overview presented in this brief, discusses the continental normative framework on youth engagement by the African Union (AU). It argues that there is a disconnect, both in theory and practice, between youth rights and freedoms on the African continent. The important roles of the AU, is highlighted in this brief, as well as the regional economic communities and member states in meaningfully...

Mapping of Studies on Employment Creation of Agriculture and Agro-processing in Kenya Final Report

Publisher: Partnership for African Social and Governance Research (PASGR)
Published: 2016
"Agriculture is the engine of growth in Kenya. The sector contributes 26 percent to the Gross Domestic Product and 60 percent of the formal wage employment in the public and private sectors. Growth in the sector has been modest at an annual average of 2.4 percent in the 2000s. However, the annual growth rate of labour force absorption in the sector is dismal at 2 percent. The purpose of this...

Rapport de Synthèse des Ateliers Paysans sur la Réforme Foncière et les Enjeux de Sécurisation Foncière des Exploitations Familiales au Sénégal / Synthesis Report of the Peasant Workshop on Land Reform and the Challenges of Land Tenure Security for Family Farms in Senegal

As part of the policy of economic liberalization, donors exerted strong pressure on the government of Senegal to reform the land policy. This pressure initially resulted in measures taken by the State to withdraw the SAED from the management of land in the Senegal River Delta, through the transfer of frontier zones to the territories and zones of 1987. The analyses which was carried out by the...

Turkey in Somalia: Shifting Paradigms of Aid

"As the global development landscape continues to evolve, new and emerging actors – countries transitioning from being aid recipients to aid providers – are becoming increasingly visible on the global scene. Although the approaches, interests and resources of emerging donors are far from uniform, their increasing presence in global development – particularly in fragile and conflict-affected...

Décentralisation et Réforme Foncière au Sénégal / Decentralization and Land Reform in Senegal

This Note is organized around the assumption that the completion point of decentralization reform in Senegal must be the establishment and operation of strong sub-national institutions with subsidiary powers. It is expected that such institutions will provide local legal and administrative impetus for the recognition and securing of individual and collective land rights. Each territorial scale of...

Labor Adaptation to Climate Variability in Eastern Africa

"As countries design climate change adaptation policies, it is important to understand how workers alter behavior in response to changes in temperature. Nonetheless, the impact of temperature on labor markets is poorly documented, especially in Africa. We address this gap by analyzing panel surveys of labor choices by sector, contractual arrangement, and migration status in four East African...

Summary on the Theme: Natural Resource Governance in Africa - 6th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa 22-23 April 2017, Ethiopia

Published: 2017
The 6th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, is set to take place on 22-23 April 2017. The theme will mainly focus on “Natural Resource Governance in Africa”. In many ways, this will reflect the centrality of natural resources, both in historical as well as in contemporary times, in comprehending : i) the far-reaching implications on state-society relations within the continent, and ii...

Commissioners and Commanders Police Leadership and the Marikana Massacre

Published: 2016
This monograph analyzed the functioning of the police system, with an emphasis on the leadership and command levels, in the build-up to the Marikana massacre on 16 August 2012, when police killed 34 miners who were striking at the Lonmin platinum mine at Marikana. Police launched their tactical intervention in the events up to about 15:30 on Thursday, 16 August, during which the massacre took...

Own Ways of Doing: National Pride, Power and China's Political Calculus in Ethiopia

"Contrary to the predominant perception of all of China’s key partners in Africa being either resource rich or economic powerhouses, Ethiopia is neither. Its strategic position within the Horn of Africa and its stable and efficient – although coercive – government, coupled with the concentration of regional institutions in Addis Ababa, have gradually turned Ethiopia into one of the main...

Empowerment and Agricultural Production Evidence from Rural Households in Niger

"Niger is a landlocked Sahelian country, two-thirds of which is in the Sahara desert, with only one-eighth of the land considered arable. Nevertheless, more than 90 percent of Niger’s labor force is employed in agriculture, which is predominantly subsistence oriented. Since the great famines of the 1970s and 1980s, the country has pursued agrarian intensification through technological change...

Children's Diets, Nutrition Knowledge, and Access to Markets

"Chronic undernutrition in Ethiopia is widespread and many children consume highly monotonous diets. To improve feeding practices in Ethiopia, a strong focus in nutrition programming has been placed on improving the nutrition knowledge of caregivers. In this paper, we study the impact of improving nutrition knowledge within households and its complementarity with market access. To test...

Innovative Risk Finance Solutions: Insights for Geothermal Power Development in Kenya and Ethiopia

Valuable lessons and insights for the international development cooperation and climate finance sphere is provided in this CDKN project. There is generally a central role for technical assistance and the targeted use of international public finance in increasing the role of local market actors for scaling up private sector investment in geothermal development. The following recommendations,...

Rural Youth and Employment in Ethiopia

"This paper examines labor diversification in Ethiopia, focusing on youth, and explores current conditions that youth face in both the agricultural and non-farm labor markets. Using data from the Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS) and the National Labor Force Survey (NLFS), we explore current trends in labor diversification, along with youth non-farm engagement in rural and small towns. We...

The Roots of Corruption: The Ghanaian Enquiry Revisited

Due to its deleterious and corrosive consequences on politics, governance, security and socio-economic development, corruption has engaged the attention of the international community, politicians and citizens. Several strategies including reform of the constitutional, legal and institutional framework have been implemented by all countries including Ghana to curb the scourge of corruption but...

Cities and Agricultural Transformation in Africa: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Due to the rapid growth of cities in Africa, many more farmers are now living in rural hinterlands in relatively close proximity to cities where many provide food to urban residents. However, empirical evidence on how urbanization affects these farmers is scarce. To fill this gap, this paper explores the relationship between proximity to a city and the production behavior of rural staple...

Partnering for Sustainable Peace in Liberia

This paper first analyzes Liberia’s national frameworks relevant to peace building and then examines the engagements of multiple peace building actors in Liberia, with a particular focus on the roles of African regional, sub regional and bilateral organisations. It also unpacks principles as to why they may hold an advantage in certain peace building activities. Finally, the paper explores how...

Changing Structure of Africa's Economies

"In recent years, some counties in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) have experienced growth in their economies and improvements in living standards. Although there is some debate, it is clear that the share of the population living below the poverty line fell significantly over the past decade and a half; there has been a general decline in infant mortality rates and increased access to...

After Paris: Can the Private Sector Deliver Climate Compatible Development?

Action needed to tackle climate change will inevitably require a new industrial revolution, touching all countries. This should serve as both a challenge and an opportunity for the private sector – one to which it is responding. New technologies, investments, financial instruments and industry initiatives are multiplying, with support from governments. Low carbon competitiveness is recognized as...

Kenya's Regional Diplomacy: Peripheral or Adaptive Pragmatism?

"Kenya maintains close bilateral and multilateral relations with all its neighbouring states. However, analysts have argued that Kenya lags behind in taking up strong positions at the regional and international levels, unlike some other key states in the region. With the most competitive economy in the region, a relatively well-educated population and a well-trained workforce, the question...

Natural Resource Governance in Africa No.3 In-Land Water Resources in Africa

Published: 2016
This infographic is no.3 in the series called Natural Resource Governance. The data presented is about the available in-land water resources in Africa. The statistical data presented depicts : the percentages of international rivers and lake basins that are present in Africa, total surface water resources available, access of populations to drinking water, the reality of water scarcity in the...

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