Latest Articles

Do Firms Learn by Exporting or Learn to Export : Evidence from Senegalese Manufacturers’ Plants

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2013
The increasing number of literature investigating the impact of trade openness on firm efficiency has not yet provided a definite prediction on the direction of causality. This paper investigated the relation between exporting and productivity on the Senegalese manufacturing sectors. Using a unique firm-level panel data for the period 1998-2011, a productivity and exporting dynamics is estimated...

At the Confluence Where Human Rights and Conflict Transformation Meet: A Selection of Content and Exercises that Explore Working at the Confluence of Human Rights and Conflict Transformation

This learning series was born out of the identified need for human rights activists and lawyers to develop or deepen their facilitation skills to meet the needs of a changing socio-political environment. There was also a benefit to exploring the intersection between the fields of conflict transformation/peacebuilding and human rights with a view to seeing how they could complement each other in...

Do Electoral Handouts Affect Voting Behaviour?

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"The literature on vote-buying often assumes a complete transaction of cash for votes. While there is ample evidence that candidates target certain voters with cash handouts, it is unclear whether these actually result in higher turnout and vote shares for the distributing party. Empirically, using different matching techniques and accounting for district-level factors, we find that cash...

Nonlinearities in International Productivity Growth

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2012
The research in the paper consists of country panel data spanning over 1998-2008 for both developed and developing countries to study the productivity growth when countries are close to the technology frontier. Relying on a semi-parametric generalized additive model, both reduced and structural forms for total factor productivity growth was estimated. Three measurements of frontier were...

A No -Confidence Vote? Mozambicans still Vote, but Faith in Democracy is Slipping / Um voto de desconfiança? Os Moçambicanos ainda votam, mas a fé na democracia está a diminuir

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Since independence in 1975, Mozambique’s history has been marked by deep economic crises, political instability, and widespread human-rights violations. In 1990, after 16 years of civil war between the governing Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO) and the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO), the government of former President Joaquim Alberto Chissano established a democratic...

The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying out attacks in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. Over the past year, under President Buhari, an overhaul of Nigeria’s counter-insurgency strategy and improved...

Public Trust in Elections: The Role of Media Freedom and election Management Autonomy

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"As multiparty elections have become a global norm, scholars and policy experts regard public trust in elections as vital for regime legitimacy. However, very few cross-national studies have examined the consequences of electoral manipulation, including the manipulation of election administration and the media, on citizens’ trust in elections. This paper addresses this gap by exploring how...

Evaluation des Impacts des Crises et des Réponses Politiques Mises en œuvre au Sénégal : Situation des Enfants et Simulations de Politiques de Protection Sociale / Evaluation of the Impacts of Crises and Political Responses Implemented in Senegal: Situation of Children and Simulations of Social Protection Policies

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2011
This study focused on the impacts of crises in recent years (food, energy, economic and financial) and the policy responses on the situation of children in Senegal. From an overall assessment of the social and economic policies implemented to meet the effects of the crises, the paper have successively addressed the following issues: 1) the impact of the crises on the Senegalese economy; 2) the...

Les Politiques Agricoles: Alignement sur les Objectifs Officiels et Efficience / Agricultural Policy Alignment with Official Objectives and Efficiency

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2013
This research shows that the agricultural sector is characterized by a large number of departments (five) and autonomous institutions as well as by an instability that make it difficult to coordinate government interventions. This plurality does not allow a coherent intervention of the different state actors and promotes a dispersion of human material and financial resources. The weakness of the...

Le Refinancement Bancaire des 
Structures de Microfinance :
 Modelisation et Estimations sur Donnees de Panel / Bank Refinancing of Microfinance Structures Modeling and Evaluation of Panel Data

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2012
The purpose of this contribution is to empirically analyze the determinants of capital raised by microfinance Institutions in the banking sector. The approach adopted is as follows. Based on statistics gathered in the field, the researchers tried to model the refinancing relationship in order to validate the elements gathered during discussions with managers and MFIs. The focus is on whether the...

Digging a Future? Citizens see Positive Impact of Mining in Madagascar

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"Madagascar is blessed with some of the world’s largest known natural-resource reserves, especially high-grade iron ore and precious stones such as alluvial sapphires. At the same time, its people are among the world’s poorest. Given the wealth of natural resources and poverty of the people, this dispatch examines how ordinary Malagasy view the impacts of the mining sector. Does it reduce...

Incertitudes et Performances Macroéconomiques dans la Zone UEMOA /Uncertainties and Macroeconomic Performances in WAEMU Area

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
The purpose of this article is to investigate the causal relationship between inflation and its uncertainty, output growth and uncertainty and between nominal uncertainty and real uncertainty. First the GARCH process is used that generates a conditional variance of the inflation variable and the output growth variable in the UEMOA zone. With this conditional variance as a measure of uncertainty...

Défis d'un Changement de Fiscalité sur le Tabac dans une Communauté économique : cas de l'Afrique de l'Ouest /Challenges of a Tax Change on Tobacco In an Economic Community: Case of West Africa

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
Tobacco taxation in West Africa is one of the lowest in the world, resulting in a very low price level and making tobacco very affordable. This makes smoking an important problem for each of these countries with low economies, with a population under 40 years of age and a prevalence of up to 36%. After presenting the different types of taxes applicable to tobacco and analyzing their...

Les Changements de la Gouvernance d’Entreprise : Une Lecture de la Dynamique du Conseil d’Administration à partir de la Théorie Sociologique du Champ / Changes in Corporate Governance: A Reading of the Dynamics of the Board of Directors from the Sociological Field Theory

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
This document aims at explaining the changes of the board of directors with the aid of the sociological field theory. The said changes depend on the modifications operated on the various forms of capital distribution between the directors which modify the power distribution between these actors. Thus, we can assure a balanced power distribution between the manager and the directors in order to...

Impact de la Microfinance sur la Pauvrete et les Inegalites : Une Analyse de Causalité Hétérogène en données de Panel / Impact of Microfinance on Poverty and Inequalities: A Heterogeneous Causality Analysis in Panel Data

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2015
This paper analyzed the impact of micro finance on poverty reduction and income inequalities by studying the causal links between the intensity of microfinance and two poverty indicators (Gini index and the poverty headcount ratio at 2$ / day). The researchers of this paper used the heterogeneous panel causality techniques on a sample of 44 developing countries in the period from 1996 to 2012....

Preventing Conflicts or Preventing Relapse: Understanding the Entry- Point of Emerging Peace Building Actors

It was argued in the paper that the dichotomy between conflict prevention and prevention of relapse seems to be the moot point of where emerging actors should intervene. The issues and trends discussed in the document demonstrate a greater leaning by emerging actors to lean towards conflict prevention while paying keen attention on relapse prevention where traditional peace building actors are...

Challenges Associated with Implementing Climate Change Mitigation Policy in South Africa

This paper aimed to explore challenges in the implementation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mitigation policy in South Africa using John Kingdon’s Multiple Streams Analysis (MSA) Framework. The research does not focus on the technical content of the policies but on institutional, public administration, political and political economy issues involved in policy implementation. While it is...

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

While various preconditions exist for the emergence and spread of violent extremist organizations into CAR, it remains difficult to determine if the country will experience an emergence of local cells connected to wider transnational or global terrorist networks. However, there are a number of catalytic factors which may greatly encourage this development. Firstly, it would include a marked...

Which Factors lead to Entry or Exit from Poverty in Developing Countries? A Meta-Analysis of Studies on the Dynamics of Poverty

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
This paper on the dynamics of poverty, identifies numerous factors which impact the probability of an individual or household entering into or exiting from a state of major deprivation. Education, demographics, agricultural and non agricultural assets and the community they live in, are the most cited. However, are they the most powerful levers for an individual or household to get out of poverty...

Key to the Horn Ethiopia’s Prospects to 2030

Ethiopia’s current path of development is explored in this brief, as well as the policies which are examined that could accelerate Ethiopia’s growth, support the country’s transition to lower-middle income status and advance human development up to 2030. It is a summary of a much more comprehensive independent report that was completed for the United States Agency for International Development,...

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