Latest Articles

Natural Resource Governance in Africa No.3 In-Land Water Resources in Africa

Published: 2016
This infographic is no.3 in the series called Natural Resource Governance. The data presented is about the available in-land water resources in Africa. The statistical data presented depicts : the percentages of international rivers and lake basins that are present in Africa, total surface water resources available, access of populations to drinking water, the reality of water scarcity in the...

Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in Kenya: Key Trends and Developments

"The improvement of health sector performance requires a holistic approach that addresses the wide ranging challenges that many African countries face: lack of adequate and highly skilled medical personnel; limited access to essential medicines and equipment; lack of access to affordable universal healthcare etc. This Working Brief presents some key trends and developments of the Kenyan...

Spotlight on Pharmaceutical Pricing Regulation in Kenya: How Much does it Really Contribute to Access?

"Ensuring access to essential medicines by low income consumers is a challenge to many countries. Pharmaceutical expenditure is rising in Kenya, as is the health expenditure. However, our research found that on average, public sector facilities interviewed had only 50% availability of essential medicines. The Government does not impose any tariffs (duty and VAT) on finished pharmaceutical...

Value-added Tax in the Pharmaceutical Industry: What does it really mean for Kenya's Industralisation/

"A key issue for many countries is how to manage trade taxation policy in such a way that necessary public revenue can be acquired but not at the cost of long term industrialisation. An important area here is that of VAT and how best to levy it with respect to the pharmaceutical industry. Local manufacturing of pharmaceutical products in Kenya is focused on generic medicines on the Kenya...

Local Supply Chains for Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya: Understanding the Challenges

"The project aimed to identify opportunities for improved local industrial supply of medical products to strengthen Kenyan and Tanzanian health system performance. This working paper briefly outlines project methods and key concepts. It then summarises findings from health sector research in four Kenyan districts on the supply chains for selected essential medicines and supplies to...

Perspectives and Emerging Issues of Uganda’s External Development Finance Landscape

Uganda has, during the past 15 years, witnessed a significant change in the mode and form of external development finance (EDF) that it received. Traditionally, Uganda has largely sourced its EDF from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development – Development Assistance Committee (OECD-DAC) and from multilateral development institutions. On the other hand, landscape in an environment...

Reviving the AU’s Maritime Strategy

Published: 2017
The African Union (AU) is failing to implement several key maritime strategies which was drawn up, owing to lack of resources and expertise. The AU risks marginalizing maritime security work, therefore this inertia must change in 2017. This policy brief is based on the assumption that long-term, coordinated and sustainable development will lead to improvements in security, economic development...

Improving the Supply Chains for the Health Sector: What Role for Locally Manufactured and Imported Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya

"This Issue Paper presents some findings on research on supply within Kenya from local manufacturers to the health system. It compares the sourcing of local supplies and competing imports within the public, private and faith-based sectors of health care. Finally, it presents perceptions of Kenyan health sector actors at all levels on the extent to which improved local manufacturing supplies...

Natural Resource Governance in Africa No.4 Resources of the Sea

Published: 2016
This infographic is part of a series titled : Natural Resource Governance. This edition no.4 is about the Resources of the Sea. The statistical information firstly depicts Blue Economy- the new resource frontier. The Maritime zone under Africa's jurisdiction, freshwater and ocean fish and the food security that is provided by the ocean, imports and exports in Africa conducted by sea. The...

In Defense of Democracy: Lessons from ECOWAS’ Management of The Gambia’s 2016 Post-Election Impasse

"The years 2015 and 2016 were of great importance for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), through supporting the conduct of peaceful elections and the orderly transfer of power. A total of 10 of its 15 member states held elections in 2015 and 2016. ECOWAS has a rich history of managing political transitions and elections in the past 18 years, following the adoption of the...

The Role of Informal Urban Settlements in Upward Mobility

Informal urban settlements influences the well-being of a large section of global humanity . Yet there has been very little research on their role in facilitating social mobility. Such settlements, in theory, may foster human progress by linking rural-urban migrants to the services, contacts and livelihoods concentrated in cities. Longitudinal data is used in this paper for South Africa, in order...

East or West ? Comparing China, US and EU Policy, Trade and Investment Relations With Kenya

The question of East or West, is more of a political debate than an economic one. China, EU and US are development partners with unique opportunities, which cannot be easily substituted by other development partners. Each partner operate and pursue economic diplomacy by means of a policy framework. Kenya is having a growing negative trade balance with China, however, Chinese FDI inflows have...

The Ghanaian Economy: Annual Review 2013-2014 Theme: Ghana’s Public Financial Management

Published: 2015
This annual report on the economy of Ghana for 2013-14 is a combined edition and devoted to Public Finance Management. The content comprises policies, legal frameworks, institutions, processes and mechanisms by which the public resources are managed and how it is accounted for. Persistent fiscal deficits, current account deficits, mounting public debt and the consequent fiscal bottlenecks in the...

Nigeria : Women and the Boko Haram Insurgency

Published: 2016
The experiences of women and girls in the North East are analyzed in this report, in order to inform interventions to better alleviate their suffering, facilitate their contribution to lasting peace and mitigate the threat from female Boko Haram members. Patriarchal norms are examined, which the sect exploited to attract recruits and tracks the diverse, changing female roles, as valuable...

Tax Base Erosion and Profit Shifting in Africa – Part 2: A Critique of Some Priority OECD Actions from an African Perspective

Three of the highest priority actions were identified in this paper, which have the greatest BEPS impact for African economies. These are: Action 4, which deals with limiting base erosion via interest deductions and other financial payments; Action 6, which deals with preventing treaty abuse; and Action 7, which discussed the prevention of the artificial avoidance of permanent establishment...

Harnessing the Demographic Dividend : The Future We Want for Zambia

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2015
This study report showed that Zambia can harness a sizeable demographic dividend. Zambia should adopt policies and prioritize investments aimed at accelerating fertility reduction through voluntary and rights based interventions and education to open the window to harnessing the demographic dividend. Additionally, Zambia has to make strategic investments in education and skills development,...

Economic Reforms and Policies to Boost Job Creation and Optimise Malawi’s Opportunity to Harness the Demographic Dividend and Accelerate Socio-economic Development

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2016
Malawi can by optimizing its economic opportunities and unleashing the power of its youthful population into an asset for development through the demographic dividend (DD), potentially accelerate its socio-economic economic transformation agenda outlined in Vision 2020. The DD is the economic benefit that arises from a significant increase in the ratio of working-age adults relative to young...

Accelerating Fertility Decline in Zambia Opening the Window of Opportunity for the Demographic Dividend

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2015
Over the past three decades, Zambia’s fertility has declined slowly in the context of steady decline in child mortality. Consequently, 45% of the population is under 15 years of age, which has resulted in a high child dependency burden. The population increased from about 3.5 to 13 million between 1963 and 2010, was estimated at 15 million in 2014, and it is projected to reach about 27 million in...

Accelerating Economic Growth and Policy Reforms to Optimise Zambia’s Demographic Dividend

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2015
Zambia‘s Vision 2030 attempts to turn the country into a prosperous industrial middle-income nation, which will provides opportunities for improving the well-being of all its citizens. In the past decade, the country has experienced steady economic growth, averaging at 6.7 % and graduated into lower middle-income status in 2012, with a per capita GDP of $1,839 in 2013. Despite this impressive...

Regional Trade for Inclusive Development in West Africa

This study analyzed the potential of regional trade in facilitating the achievement of inclusive development in the West African region. Descriptive analysis is employed to examine the nature, composition and dimension of ECOWAS trade within the group and with the rest of the world, vis-à-vis three other Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). From the preliminary study...

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