Latest Articles

Citizens and the State in Africa: New Results from Afrobarometer Round 3

"This compendium reports on the findings from new questions and topic areas explored in Round 3 of the Afrobarometer, involving public attitude surveys conducted in 18 countries from 2005-2006. The bulk of these new questions build upon the theme of citizen-state relations, exploring how well citizens know and understand their political system, how effectively the state is serving their most...

Abortion And Unintended Pregnancy In Kenya

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2012
"In 2010, Kenya adopted a new constitution that explicitly permits abortion when there is need, in the opinion of a trained health professional, for emergency treatment; if the life or health of the woman is in danger; or if it is permitted under any other written law. Previously, abortion was only permitted to protect a woman's life."

Costs And Benefits Of Investing In Contraceptive Services In Sub-Saharan Africa

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2012
"In this fact sheet, the health benefits of contraceptive use are substantial. Contraceptives prevent unintended pregnancies, reduce the number of abortions, allow women to time their births, and lower the incidence of death and disability related to complications of pregnancy and childbirth."

Engineering Education for Industrial Development: Case Studies of Nigeria, Ghana and Zimbabwe

"This project was carried out to evaluate the capacity for university engineering education in three African countries, south of the Sahara - Nigeria, Ghana and Zimbabwe with a view to assessing the extent to which the programmes prepare graduates for their prime role in industrial development. Five main issues were investigated in depth: • government policy on engineering education •...

Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health in Kenya

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2015
"In this fact sheet, adolescents comprise 24% of Kenya's population. This large adolescent population has implications on the country's health and development agenda as it is likely to place increasing demands on provision of services."

Socio-Economic and Environmental Consequences of Agricultural Technology: A Comparative Study of Small Scale Surface Irrigation Technology in Nigeria and Swaziland

"This study compares the socio-economic and environmental consequences of small scale surface irrigation (SSSI) technology in Nigeria and Swaziland. Its major thrust is to identify and compare the economic and environmental externalities of the technology in the two countries. The broad premise is that even as technological innovation is seen as the engine of modern agricultural productivity...

An Assessment of the Effects of Technology Transfer on Gender Roles within a Community: The Development of Tea and Coffee Production among Smallholder Farmers in Kiambu District, Central Province Kenya

"The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of the adoption of an entire package of technology on gender roles within the farming communities, with the intent of determining any imbalances that need to be addressed. In this case, the package of technology under study is that embodied in the production of two cash crops – tea and coffee, and the community under study is...

Assessment of Community Water and Sanitation in Ghana

The appreciation of the value of water for the sustenance of life began decades ago, even though in recent years that appreciation has shown a marked increase. However, the diversity of conceptualizations of water is at the heart of the debate on the policies and strategies to provide good water for all human communities particularly in the marginalized areas of societies. On one hand, there is...

Small Scale Rainwater Harvesting for Combating Water Deprivation at Orphan Care Centres in Peri-Urban Areas of Lilongwe, Malawi

In urban areas of Malawi, like elsewhere in Africa, uncoordinated rapid urbanization has resulted in profuse informal settlements. These are marginal areas of urban development that are often not provided with adequate water and sanitation amenities. This is the case with high density areas of Lilongwe, the capital city of Malawi where most of the low income labour force resides. Each day, water...

Ecological Sanitation as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology Option: The Case of Slum Communities in Kampala

"This study explores Ecological Sanitation (EcoSan) as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology (WECT) for slum communities in Kampala, Uganda. Information presented in this paper results from a research carried out in five slums of Kampala city in Uganda. The major problem addressed by this study is that close to 800,000 persons in the urban slum of Kampala are facing deplorable...

The African Technopolitan Vol 3 July 2015

This issue of the African Technopolitan addresses issues on economic and sustainable development in "Africa's last best chance for development"; "Getting Africa ready for the 'digital' SDGs";and "'Smart city' approaches to sustainable development". Lessons learned from Asia is discussed in: "Lessons from East Asia for Africa's...

Social Innovation: An Untapped Resource for Inclusive Growth in Africa

"Our planet earth is facing a convergence of crisis: climate change induced extreme events, global financial crisis, deepening poverty and unemployment, energy and food insecurity, social inequities and political instability, and fast depleting natural assets. These exacerbate the challenge of sustainable development at all scales.Addressing these complex challenges requires unprecedented...

Africa : From “Cradle of Mankind” to “Spare Parts” of Mankind?

Some solutions to the problem of organ trading is: the narrowing gap of the inequalities, developing legislation on organ transplant, implementations of international conventions, controlling forced migrations, awareness creations, punishing traffickers, and ethical utilization of transplant technology. Africa is the home of many of the poorest and most vulnerable peoples of the world....

Despite Decline in Lived Poverty, South Africans increasingly Pessimistic about the Economy

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"South Africans are increasingly pessimistic about their national economy: Compared to 2011, more citizens say the country’s economic situation is bad, conditions are worse than a year ago and not likely to improve over the next 12 months, and the country is headed in the wrong direction."

South Africans Generally Tolerant but Report Racial Discrimination by Employers and Courts

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"2016 is a landmark year in South Africa’s nation-building process. April 15 marked the 20th anniversary of the first hearings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which sought “to provide for the investigation and the establishment of as complete a picture as possible of the nature, causes and extent of gross violations of human rights” committed during apartheid (Department of...

Harnessing Youth Potential for Economic Growth

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2015
"A strong, dynamic and empowered youth is critical in catalyzing and driving the transformations envisioned in the Constitution of Kenya, and the Kenya Vision 2030. The youth aged 15-24 constitute an important segment of Kenya’s population, accounting for 35.4 percent of the total population and 66.7 percent of the adult population in 2009. This policy brief points out how Kenya can harness...

Domestic Debt Management in Africa

"In the face of budget deficits, against a backdrop of drying up of concessional lending and reduction in development assistance due to the impact of the global financial crisis among others, borrowing from domestic markets becomes a viable option. Unfortunately far less attention has been given to domestic debt in most development policy discussions. This policy brief describes factors that...

Borrowing Charter: Principles and Guidelines on Sovereign Financial Borrowing for Sub-Sahara African countries

"This borrowing charter contains principles and guidelines on sovereign financial borrowing. It seeks to guide and inform sovereign states borrowing so as to improve the current weak administrative, institutional and legal procedures for loan contraction and public debt management systems that have contributed to the build-up of unsustainable debts. The Principles and guidelines are based on...

Who will “tear down” the Wall of Hostility between Ethiopia and Eritrea?

The most recent kidnapping events of Ethiopian citizens by Eritrean forces, and an Ethiopian military containment as a reprisal to its action, reflect foreign policy actions of the two countries in recent years. These have largely been limited to reactive actions by the Ethiopian government and provocations by the Eritrean government. Provocation and (military) reprisal seem to have been the...

Conférence Marque Maroc : Marketing Pays, Modéliser la Marque Maroc / Conference on Brand Morocco - Marketing of the Country Model : Brand Morocco

Published: 2016
The 1st edition of the Conference : Brand Morocco scheduled for May 25, 2016 at Casablanca, under the theme "Marketing the country model, Brand Morocco" was co-organized by the Morocco-Export Institute and Institut Amadeus under the auspices of the delegation to the Minister of Industry, Trade, Investment and the Digital Economy in charge of Foreign Trade. Emerging in recent decades as...