Latest Articles

The Impact of Climate Change on the Achievement of the Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals

Governments will agree this year that Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), for the period to 2030, and a new global climate agreement, will take effect from 2020. Together, these could set the course for environmental sustainability and human well-being this century. The agreements together offer a once-in-a generation opportunity to end extreme poverty, create climate resilience and avoid...

Raising the Community Voice in the Extractive Sector: Government Laxity over the Deteriorating State of Affairs in the Diamond Mining Manicaland Province Raises Eyebrows

Publisher: Centre for Research and Development (CRD)
Published: 2015
The level of deterioration of the diamond industry of Manicaland Province deeply concerns the Centre for Research and Development. The government has been an active partner since commencement of formal mining operations in 2009. Events in the last 7 months have seen massive job losses, arbitrary salary cuts and employees working without salaries in Marange diamond mining operations. Many of the...

South Africa’s Renewable Energy Procurement: A New Frontier

In South Africa regular load shedding has been taking place since mid-2014 and is now predicted to last until 2018. The country faces its worst electricity supply side crisis in 40 years. The construction of two coal-fired power plants, Medupi and Kusile, of approximately 4 800 MW each is severely behind schedule and subject to significant cost overruns. The monopoly utility Eskom, which to date...

Institutionalising Social Accountability in Devolved Governance

The devolved system of governance, adopted by Kenya, places citizens at the core of governance and with elevated hopes for improvement in the delivery of public services. Being cognizant that among the objects of Kenya’s devolution are: to give powers of self-governance to citizens and enhance their participation in the exercise of the powers of State and in making decisions affecting them; to...

Review of Status of Public Participation and County Information Dissemination Frameworks A Case Study of Isiolo Kisumu Makueni and Turkana Counties

The Constitution of Kenya in 2010 gave prominence to the principle of public participation. Participation should imbue all public affairs and be promoted by both Non-State Actors and the State acting in public interest. The Constitution sets key requirements for the legislature at both levels of government to provide frameworks for public participation in governance processes. This emphasis for...

Appropriate Climate Smart Technologies for Smallholder Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa

Publisher: Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
Published: 2013
"Nearly 70 per cent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) live in rural areas and rely mainly on agriculture for livelihood security. Low agricultural productivity in the region keeps this population under constant pressure, even though investment in agriculture is a proven way to reduce regional poverty. Studies have shown that Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in agriculture is...

Developing Capacities and Opportunities for Youth Engagement in the Agricultural Value Chain and Transformation

Publisher: Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
Published: 2011
"Young people have the potential to make significant contributions to agricultural development at various levels, broadly defined here as the agricultural value chain. It is therefore critical to groom emerging professionals and entrepreneurs to contribute meaningfully to agricultural development initiatives. The agricultural sector should provide opportunities for the youth to actively...

Evidence to Support Climate Change Adaptation in Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland

Publisher: Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
Published: 2015
"In southern Africa, the predicted 2°C rise in temperature will destabilize farming systems. Coping mechanisms, livelihood strategies and the cost of adaptation options for smallholder farmers are not sufficiently understood in the region because the majority of research is focused on ecological assessment and identifying the vulnerability of households. In addition, most research is...

Technology Shaping and Technology Policy From Workshop Highlights

The role of society in shaping technological development is key to sound technology policies. This was the message emerging from a workshop “Understanding technology shaping, policy and research in development” that was held in Nairobi. It was a culmination of a collaboration that has embarked on creating capacity in this area through training of trainers from different sector ranging from...

Business Responsibility for Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa: Emerging Priorities

Conservation and sustainable use of biological resources is a major enduring challenge to governments, conservation organizations, the private sector and citizens of South Africa and other countries. The future conservation needs and objectives of all concerned parties should be viewed as converging on this common ground. This position paper does not purport to provide all the pertinent answers,...

ELCI-ACTS Greening the Fishery Economy Project A Pilot Study Report on Sustainable Utilization of Biomass Energy Among the Fisher Folk of L Victoria Beaches, Kenya

"Lake Victoria has over decades been identified as a major fresh water lake and main source of fish for East African countries. Over 30 million livelihoods across the entire lake stretch depend on the lake’s existence for their survival. In Kenya, over five communities living around the lake depend on fishing as their main activity. Secondary activities related to fishing have supported many...

Mainstreaming Gender in Bioenergy Projects: Lessons from PISCES

"This section sets the pace by reviewing the evolution of debates around gender and bioenergy and how they relate to developing countries. Energy and gender debates contextualize energy poverty as having a woman/gender dimension. Out of the 1.3 billion people currently living in poverty, 70%are women (Clancy, 2004). In developing countries, women are depicted as energy managers and are...

What Natural Capital Disclosure for Integrated Reporting ? Designing and Modelling an Integrated Financial - Natural Capital Accounting and Reporting Framework

"This paper argues that a solid accounting foundation is required for these to be able to effectively incorporate the broader and longer term social and environmental consequences of corporate decision-making. To support this argument, this paper first provides a brief review of Natural Capital accounting methods and main reporting practices. Based on this analysis, the paper proposes the...

Mauritians Welcome Ethnic/Religious Diversity but are Less Tolerant of Homosexuals and People Living with HIV/AIDS

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2015
"Despite their multiplicity of ethnic/cultural (European, African, Indian, Chinese) and religious (Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist) backgrounds, Mauritians have experienced few incidents of ethnic or religious violence. The last major incident dates back to 1999, when the popular Creole musician Kaya was found dead whilst in police custody, triggering riots against the mostly Hindu police...

Mauritians Trust their Institutions but Say Corruption is Growing

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2015
"Mauritians trust their political institutions but are increasingly concerned about corruption, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows. More than two-thirds (69%) of Mauritians say corruption increased “somewhat” or “a lot” over the year preceding the survey. This finding corroborates results of a survey commissioned in 2014 by the country’s Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC),...

Gender in Namibia: Growing Support for Women's Leadership, Concerns About Violence

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2015
"Namibians express increasing levels of support for women in political leadership, but Namibian women continue to trail men slightly in their interest in public affairs and participation in civic action, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey. Compared to men, Namibian women show higher levels of support for women in political leadership, are more likely to believe that women should...

Basotho See Increased Corruption Despite Government Efforts

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2015
"Basotho perceive an increased level of corruption in the past year, with the highest levels of perceived corruption among the police and business executives, according to Afrobarometer’s most recent survey. Survey results show that citizens are divided in their assessment of the government’s handling of the fight against corruption. Most Basotho say ordinary people can make a difference in...

Namibians See Increased Corruption; Business Executives Now Top List of 'Most Corrupt'

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2015
"Corruption has yet to gain prominence as a public policy issue in Namibia. Most respondents to the 2014 Afrobarometer survey in Namibia do not rank corruption among the top priorities that the government needs to address. Other surveys rank Namibia relatively high in the fight against corruption. Almost two-thirds of respondents in Afrobarometer’s 2014 survey say that corruption has...

In Malawi, Women Lag in Political Participation; Support for Women's Leadership Declines

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2015
"Despite having been led by southern Africa’s first female president, Malawi has made little progress toward equal political participation by women, Afrobarometer’s most recent survey suggests. Women in Malawi remain less likely than men to engage in political activities, and public support for women’s leadership has declined. From a legal perspective, Malawi has made substantial progress in...

Zimbabweans See Corruption on the Increase but Fear Consequences of Reporting

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2015
"Transparency International consistently ranks Zimbabwe among the most corrupt countries in the world (156th out of 175 countries in its 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index). In the latest Afrobarometer survey, a majority of adult Zimbabweans say that the level of corruption in the country has increased over the past year and that the government is performing badly in its fight against the...

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