Latest Articles

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.3 May-June 2014

Published: 2014
‘Somalia: From clan wars to religious conflicts’ summarises the report’s key findings and argues that the conflict in Somalia is much more complex and complicated than suggested by the Terrorists-versus-Others assumption that underpins the international and regional community’s response to Somalia question. In ‘IGAD and Somalia: Now and then’ Kenya was not wrong in “nudging” the Somali...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.2 March-April 2014

Published: 2014
In ‘South Sudan’ prior to mid-December 2013, South Sudan was thought by most observers to be a “post-conflict” country firmly on the (internationally mandated) statebuilding path. Since then, observers and South Sudanese alike have been surprised and horrified by the speed and severity of the disintegration of the nascent state. ‘Youth radicalisation in Kenya: Security versus communal approach’...

Pour que les Bashali Fument le Calumet de la Paix Rapport de Recherche Action Participative sur les Conflits Inter-Paysans en Chefferie des Bashali (Masisi RDC) / In the Interest of Peace for the Bashali - Participatory Research Report on Inter Peasant Conflicts in the Bashali Chiefdom (Masisi DRC)

Published: 2014
This report provides an in-depth analysis of land conflict in the Chieftaincy of the Bashali. The second part of the report, following the description of the methodology of the Participatory Action Research (PAR), describes the contextual factors that have influenced the reproduction of land conflict between farmers and livestock herders and inter-community relations. Those include the...

Liberation Technology: Mobile Phones and Political Mobilization in Africa

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Can digital information and communication technology (ICT) foster mass political mobilization? We use a novel geo-referenced dataset for the entire African continent between 1998 and 2012 on the coverage of mobile phone signal together with geo-referenced data from multiple sources on the occurrence of protests and on individual participation in protests to bring this argument to empirical...

Ethnic Diversity, Segregation and Ethnocentric Trust in Africa

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Ethnic diversity is generally associated with less social capital and lower levels of trust. However, most empirical evidence for this relationship is focused on generalized trust, rather than more theoretically appropriate measures of group-based trust. This paper instead evaluates the relationship between ethnic diversity – at both national and local levels – and the degree to which...

Intervention Civile - Prevenir la Violence et Mettre en Place une Democratie / Civilian Peacekeeping Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

Published: 2016
“Something must be done!” This cry came as the genocide began in Rwanda, as the civil war in Colombia escalated, as Sudanese refugees began pouring into Darfur, and in countless other dark moments of history. Unarmed civilians around the world are answering this cry by organizing themselves into civilian peacekeeping units. They deter human rights violations and prevent harassment by being a...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.1 January-February 2014

Published: 2014
The imperfect reconciliation process in Kenya is discussed in the article ' Kenya's imperfect reconciliation'. Only the period 1963 to 2008 was covered in this process leaving the colonial period and the Mau-Mau uprising out of the process. The article 'Responding to violent radicalization in Kenya' reflects on the response of the Kenyan police and government to perceived...

Zimbabweans Support Free Media as Watchdog, Question Media's Effectiveness and Integrity

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Advocates of media freedom find strong support among Zimbabwean citizens. According to the latest Afrobarometer survey in the country, a majority of citizens say the media should have the right to publish any views and ideas without government control. There is also widespread agreement that the news media should constantly investigate and report on government mistakes and corruption....

Nigeria Economic Update Issue 30

This brief report discusses several matters regarding the Nigerian economy. The first article is about Crude oil - it discusses the significant decline of Nigeria’s bonny light price by 5.2% from $47.91 per barrel on July 1, 2016 to $45.41 per barrel on July 8, 2016. The OPEC weekly basket price also decreased by 2.1% to $44.31 within the same period. The second article is about the Stock Market...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.1 January-February 2013

Published: 2013
‘The situation in the East and Horn of Africa sub-region continues to be deplorable basically because of the absence of environmental security-related infrastructure and/or the required level of awareness. Countries in the sub-region are vulnerable to global climate change. This is due to their relative poverty, large and growing populations, and to their relatively fragile ecological situation i...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.2 March-April 2013

Published: 2013
In ‘Dealing with the Mombasa Republican Council’ The Mombasa Republican Council (MRC) is a socio-political and secessionist movement, based in Kenya’s coastal region. Their claim is that the Kenyan coast is legally no longer part of Kenya. In ‘Conflict early warning and early response: space, practice and viability in Kenya’ Conflict early warning and early response is not an entirely new concept...

Nigeria Economic Update Issue 29

This economic update informs about the following matters relating to the Nigerian Economy. The first article is about the Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) which measures business performance and briefly discusses the decline in both the Manufacturing (by 8.5 index points) and Non-Manufacturing (by 4.5 index points) sectors. Both sectors performed below average for the sixth consecutive month. In...

Nigeria Economic Update Issue 28

This brief update on the current stance of the Nigerian economy firstly discussed the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Reserves, starting with the depreciation of the Naira at the interbank foreign exchange market between June 17, 2016 and June 24,2016, following the commencement of the single market structure. The Naira, specifically depreciated from N199/$ (pegged rate) to N282/$ in the review week...

Emerging Technologies for Climate Change Adaptation: A Case Study in Dangbe East District of Ghana

The coastlines of Ghana present significant wind potential which if properly harnessed could provide alternative livelihood opportunities and speed up climate change adaptation processes among those communities hard-hit by climate change effects. To establish the technical and economic potential of wind resource for energy production and productive application, there is the need to investigate...

Emerging and Indigenous Technology for Climate Change Adaptation in Southwest Nigeria

"This study is premised on the high incidence of severe weather and the rate of climate change, its consequences and challenges among small-scale farmers. Primary data obtained from 362 farmers, 125 extension officers and 14 researchers from the three agro-ecological zones of southwest Nigeria were used to examine the technological and farming systems adaptation to climate change. Most of...

Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Africa: The Cases of Ghana and The Gambia

"The main objective of the study is to support the ATPS Agricultural Innovations Programme on Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Africa by achieving the following specific objectives: Identify and document indigenous innovations and good practices by climate change vulnerable communities for improved food security in Ghana and The Gambia; provide...

Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Liberia: Empirical Evidence

In many African countries, food security at both the national and household level is a dismal. Africa has the highest prevalence of under nourishment. In West African sub-region, Liberia and Sierra Leone are among those with the highest rate of under nourishment in the continent with 1.4 and 2.3 million undernourished people respectively in 2002. In Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa,...

Agricultural Innovations and Adaptations to Climate Change Effects and Food Security in Central Africa: Case of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and Central African Republic

"Central Africa like most of Africa is among the areas that are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The people of Central Africa can however not relocate because of the perils of climate change, so they have to confront it by evolving innovative adaptation strategies to mitigate and cope with the impact of climate change. The main thrust of this work was therefore to identify,...

Incidence of Indigenous, Emerging and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers' Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi

"Prolonged dry spells or droughts and floods as a result of climate change are a serious problem for smallholder farmers in Malawi, because agriculture is their main livelihood strategy. Food shortages and low income levels due to climate change impacts mean inability of farmers to actively participate in the day to day economic activities. Low income levels can also be translated into lack...

Farmer's Perceptions of Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies in Northern Nigeria: An Empirical Assessment

"This research paper looked at farmer's perception of causes, constraints and strategies towards effective climate change adaptation in northern Nigeria. Data were collected from 500 respondents using both qualitative and quantitative approaches through multistage random sampling technique. Simple descriptive statistics such as percentage and mean scores were used in data analysis. The...

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