Latest Articles

Examining Nigeria's Learning Crisis: Can Communities be Mobilized to take Action?

Policy design and interventions in basic education until recently, were unduly focused on increasing school enrollment in developing countries, with little attention on improving the quality of learning. Using two states in Nigeria – Lagos and Kano, this paper analyzed the extent to which School Based Management Committees (SBMCs) mobilized actions (collective and private) to improve school-level...

Technological Capability in the Nigerian Leather Industry: A Firm-Level Case Study

Until the 1980's technology in the Third World centered around inward technology transfer. Since then the focus shifted to indigenous technological capability as a result of the successful industrial transformation in the newly industrializing countries of East Asia and Latin America. This report is centered on a firm-level case study of technology capability on the leather tanning firms in...

Technology Transfer and Acquisition in the Oil Sector and Government Policy in Nigeria

"The analysis presented in this report shows the level of development and upgrading of the core technological capabilities in the Nigerian oil industry since independence in 1960. The study examines the nature of technological capabilities formed in the Nigerian oil industry and the effects of government policy on technological capability building in the oil industry. The study is focused on...

Conflict Prevention What’s in it for the AU?

Several conflict prevention initiatives was developed by the African Union (AU) since its inception in 2002. Now, with the increased expectation for more effective responses to conflicts, the AU must reflect on its different roles and improve its ability to implement policy frameworks with the goal of preventing conflicts and sustaining peace. The role of the AU in conflict prevention...

Acquisition of Technological Capability in Africa: A Case Study of Indigenous Building Materials Firms in Nigeria

"Throughout the world, developing countries are facing severe problems with regard to the supply of building materials, the core of the construction sector. As populations grow and interactions improve and as aspirations to higher living standards rise, so the demand for buildings both quantitatively and qualitatively grows even more rapidly. In the provision of shelter especially, the...

Pathways for Irrigation Development: Policies and Irrigation Performance in Tanzania

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2017
Amid global concerns over rising food and fuel prices, changing diets and climate change, irrigated agriculture has an important role to play in increasing food production in an uncertain and resource-constrained world. For many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, it is also a key part of strategies to boost economic growth and tackle rural poverty. This report presents the findings of a rapid...

Pathways for Irrigation Development: Policies and Irrigation Performance in Zimbabwe

Publisher: FANRPAN
Published: 2017
"This report presents the findings of a rapid review to determine the policies and politics that have shaped irrigation practice and performance in Zimbabwe over the past 40–50 years. We conducted a political analysis to assess how politics and specific interests shape technical performance and outcomes, and the trade-offs between them. Based on this, we identified opportunities for...

Arab Maghreb Union SADR Equation : A Moroccan Opening?

South Africa could go a long way toward restoring its African diplomatic credentials as the continent’s default leader. Were South Africa willing and able to negotiate a compromise bridging the Moroccan-SADR/Algeria divide? In the process, should a UMA-SADR synthesis emerge, this could potentially result in a stabilizing game changer for regional and trans-Mediterranean security in the Maghreb....

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Rwanda

"The Report is thematically organized. It starts with a theoretical presentation that informs the explanation of the nature of conflicts and their costs in the African settings. A short historical background of the Rwandan political economy follows this discussion. This is followed by a presentation on the root causes of the conflict and their cost in the African settings. A short historical...

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Uganda

Post-colonial events in Uganda are easily divided into four periods corresponding to the dominant political regimes: the newly independent government under Milton Obote from 1963-71; the Amin era 1971-79; Obote 11 1980-85, the National Resistance Movement government 1986 to present. The three periods have had far reaching implications for the evolution of the capacity development in Uganda....

Review of Public Expenditure Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published: 2007
"Public expenditure is one of the critical ingredients of a country’s development. To ensure that public expenditure is efficient and effective, it is essential that resource allocation decisions are underpinned by sound analysis and that a well-designed set of institutions, systems, processes, and a performance focus guide budget formulation and execution. Public expenditure issues touch on...

Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-Conflict Countries in Africa: a Summary of Lessons of Experience from Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Uganda

Published: 2004
The main objective of the study has been to draw lessons of experience that could provide a guide to policies, strategies and instruments for post-conflict capacity-building initiatives. The four country studies highlighted the fact that root causes are different in different countries at different times and that they require country-specific approaches to bring countries back to the path of...

Challenges of Knowledge Harvesting and the Promotion of Sustainable Development for the Achievement of the MDGS in Africa

"In the present global economy, knowledge production is taking place at a fast pace. Knowledge is also becoming obsolete rapidly. For Africa to compete globally, it is imperative that it not only has access to global knowledge, but more importantly, it needs to harvest and harness existing local knowledge systematically. While a wealth of information and knowledge exists on the continent...

Do Firms Learn by Exporting or Learn to Export : Evidence from Senegalese Manufacturers’ Plants

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2013
The increasing number of literature investigating the impact of trade openness on firm efficiency has not yet provided a definite prediction on the direction of causality. This paper investigated the relation between exporting and productivity on the Senegalese manufacturing sectors. Using a unique firm-level panel data for the period 1998-2011, a productivity and exporting dynamics is estimated...

At the Confluence Where Human Rights and Conflict Transformation Meet: A Selection of Content and Exercises that Explore Working at the Confluence of Human Rights and Conflict Transformation

This learning series was born out of the identified need for human rights activists and lawyers to develop or deepen their facilitation skills to meet the needs of a changing socio-political environment. There was also a benefit to exploring the intersection between the fields of conflict transformation/peacebuilding and human rights with a view to seeing how they could complement each other in...

Do Electoral Handouts Affect Voting Behaviour?

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"The literature on vote-buying often assumes a complete transaction of cash for votes. While there is ample evidence that candidates target certain voters with cash handouts, it is unclear whether these actually result in higher turnout and vote shares for the distributing party. Empirically, using different matching techniques and accounting for district-level factors, we find that cash...

Nonlinearities in International Productivity Growth

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2012
The research in the paper consists of country panel data spanning over 1998-2008 for both developed and developing countries to study the productivity growth when countries are close to the technology frontier. Relying on a semi-parametric generalized additive model, both reduced and structural forms for total factor productivity growth was estimated. Three measurements of frontier were...

A No -Confidence Vote? Mozambicans still Vote, but Faith in Democracy is Slipping / Um voto de desconfiança? Os Moçambicanos ainda votam, mas a fé na democracia está a diminuir

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
Since independence in 1975, Mozambique’s history has been marked by deep economic crises, political instability, and widespread human-rights violations. In 1990, after 16 years of civil war between the governing Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO) and the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO), the government of former President Joaquim Alberto Chissano established a democratic...

The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying out attacks in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. Over the past year, under President Buhari, an overhaul of Nigeria’s counter-insurgency strategy and improved...

Public Trust in Elections: The Role of Media Freedom and election Management Autonomy

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"As multiparty elections have become a global norm, scholars and policy experts regard public trust in elections as vital for regime legitimacy. However, very few cross-national studies have examined the consequences of electoral manipulation, including the manipulation of election administration and the media, on citizens’ trust in elections. This paper addresses this gap by exploring how...

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