Latest Articles

Strengthening Ghana's Electoral System : A Precondition for Stability and Development

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2012
In Africa the democratization process is inextricably interwoven with elections. Elections give meaning to the concept of political representation and the protection of all the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Constitution of Ghana. Representatives are elected as to govern the country as not all can rule at the same time. Political party engagement stems from...

Regional Implications of the AGF Recommendations: Africa

The key messages reflected in this document are as follows: The Advisory Group on Climate Finance (AGF) report presents many opportunities for climate compatible development in Africa – development that minimises the harm caused by climate impacts while maximising the human development opportunities presented by a low emissions, more resilient future. ● Africa must ensure it receives a...

South Africa's Foreign Policy: Tempering Dominance through Integration

"Southern Africa has always featured prominently in South Africa’s foreign policy. During apartheid, the National Party government saw fit to unleash a destructive agenda on neighbouring countries as an integral part of its strategy to quash support for the liberation movement. Since 1994, under a democratic dispensation, South Africa’s foreign policy has aspired towards greater regional...

Making AGOA work for Africa

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) offers duty-free access to the largest market in the world, and has the potential to be a major driving force in African development. Thus far, however, it has failed to live up to its potential.US imports from Africa continue to be dominated by energy commodities. Of the top 10 African exports to the US, AGOA offers a major competitive boost in...

Environmental Suitability and Agro-environmental Zoning of Kenya for Biofuel Production

The objective of this study was to conduct an agro-climatic and environmental zoning of Kenya in order to produce maps showing the country’s biodiversity, variety of land uses, protected areas and sites that were suitable for growing biofuel feedstock. When produced in a sustainable and equitable manner, biofuels can increase Kenya’s energy self sufficiency, support rural development as well as...

Achieving an Inclusive Blue Economy for Small-Scale Fishers: Recommendations to the South African Parliament

"Small-scale fisheries in South Africa play a crucial role in supporting livelihoods and contributing to food security in the country’s coastal provinces. Policy changes in recent years have sought to establish a more inclusive and equitable governance system. While these developments should be applauded, many small-scale fishers are yet to feel the tangible impact of these policies,...

An Evaluation of Ghana's Petroleum Fiscal Regime

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2010
With Ghana's emerging oil and gas industry, this country is poised to be one of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, questions have arisen as to whether Ghana is getting its fair share of the revenues from exploiting its hydrocarbon potential. We review Ghana’s petroleum fiscal regime as of the year 2010, compare its key features with that of a peer group of oil and gas...

Nigeria's Democracy and the Crisis of Political Instability : An Audit of the Electrical System

"In this lecture, I have tried to look at Nigeria’s electoral system and the consequences on political stability. Unfortunately, I have only done this superficially for reasons which I believe are quite obvious to this very distinguished gathering. There are a number of other points that deserve mention, but my mandate as well as the need for me to be careful not to unduly take for granted...

Addressing the Imbalance of Power between the Arms of Government - a Search for Countervailing Authority

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2013
"In Ghana, the political terrain is patently underscored by executive dominance resulting in an acrimonious battle to capture this ultimate prize. Hence, a cry against "winner take all", a quest for "power sharing" or proportional representation to ensure all inclusiveness and diminish unbridled partisanship. This presentation, while recognizing these alternatives, takes...

BIDPA Annual Report 2013-2014

"This report covers research activities undertaken by the Institute through its five broad areas of Trade and International Economics; Macroeconomic Modeling and Forecasting; Microeconomics; Incomes, welfare and Poverty; and Public Sector Reforms. At the close of the year projects were at different stages of implementation, including on-going and completed. For the year under review, the...

Accountability Mechanisms in Ghana’s 2010 Proposed Oil Legislation

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2010
This article assesses each of the July 2010 Bills vis-à-vis its potential to contribute to accountable and effective management of Ghana’s oil heritage. It asserts that the creative,forward-thinking elements of the Revenue Management Bill found their negative image in the Exploration and Production Bill, which reflected outdated conventional wisdom and failed to reflect the vibrant debate that...

Determinants of the Output of the Manufacturing Industry in Ghana from 1974 to 2006

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2009
This paper ascertained the determinants of manufacturing output in Ghana based on available data from 1974 to 2006 using cointegration and error correction model analysis. Our measure of the output of the manufacturing industry was the share of the total economy attributed to the manufacturing industry based on the value added to the gross domestic product. We showed that the level of output of...

Domestic Prosecutions of International Crimes in Africa : Kenya

Publisher: TrustAfrica
Published: 2015
Following the announcement of the 2007 general election results, Kenya plunged into unprecedented violence. The upheaval left in its wake over a thousand people dead, hundreds sexually violated and hundreds of thousands physically displaced from their homes. The Kenyan government failed to investigate or prosecute perpetrators of any of these grave offences, despite the magnitude and gravity of...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portrays Tunisia’s transition to democracy as the success story in the Arab, African and Muslim world. Overall, the transition has been peaceful and the...

Mergers in Zimbabwe’s Diamond Sector set to Evade Human Rights due Diligence

Publisher: Centre for Research and Development (CRD)
Published: 2015
The mining of diamonds in Zimbabwe had been operating at a minimum level before the commencement of large scale alluvial diamond mining in Marange in 2010. According to the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) unpublished figures quoted in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report (2009), commercial diamond exports from Zimbabwe were paid 1.7 million in 2000 increasing to a peak of 44...

Multilateral Economic Development Efforts in Sub Saharan Africa

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2005
One can divide the world fairly easily into areas of wealth and poverty. In recent decades – there has been a concerted attempt by wealthier nations to assist poorer nations in becoming more prosperous. Starting with the Bretton Woods institutions (the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank) and extending to the subsequent creation of regional development banks and national development...

Ghana's Debt Profile and Sustainability

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2012
"The profile and sustainability of Ghana's debt are assessed for the period 2000-12. The assessment was based on debt-to-GDP ratios and the fiscal approach to debt sustainability, which can only provide backward-looking analysis. The dearth of debt data did not permit the use of the traditional forward-looking approaches based on NPVs. The results found Ghana's debt to be...

Financial Intermediation and the Cost of Credit in Ghana

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2012
A study was carried out by the IEA regarding financial intermediation and the cost of credit in Ghana. The first part of the study involved measurement of financial intermediation/financial deepening using a number of standard indicators. The second part involved a survey of banks to investigate how industry costs, competition, efficiency, borrower risks, and credit allocation decisions, among...

NEPAD and Africa's Leaking Begging Bowl

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2005
Africa's post colonial economic performance has been gloomy and prospects for the new millennium are equally dismal. Sub-Saharan Africa, consisting of 48countries, is the least developed region of the Third World despite its immense wealth in mineral and natural resources. Indices of human development have performed abysmally. Since 1990, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has...

Hope and Life Access to ARVs in a Community Context: Rural-Urban Experiences in Burkina Faso

High levels of HIV/AIDS-related stigma was revealed in the survey findings. After the discovery of their status, many individuals experience rejection and/or isolation. In all likelihood due to the fear of rejection by family and/or friends – around one third said that they had not spoken to anyone about being HIV positive. With regards to physical symptoms and impact on professional life, a...

Pages