Latest Articles

The Role of Informal Urban Settlements in Upward Mobility

Informal urban settlements influences the well-being of a large section of global humanity . Yet there has been very little research on their role in facilitating social mobility. Such settlements, in theory, may foster human progress by linking rural-urban migrants to the services, contacts and livelihoods concentrated in cities. Longitudinal data is used in this paper for South Africa, in order...

East or West ? Comparing China, US and EU Policy, Trade and Investment Relations With Kenya

The question of East or West, is more of a political debate than an economic one. China, EU and US are development partners with unique opportunities, which cannot be easily substituted by other development partners. Each partner operate and pursue economic diplomacy by means of a policy framework. Kenya is having a growing negative trade balance with China, however, Chinese FDI inflows have...

The Ghanaian Economy: Annual Review 2013-2014 Theme: Ghana’s Public Financial Management

Published: 2015
This annual report on the economy of Ghana for 2013-14 is a combined edition and devoted to Public Finance Management. The content comprises policies, legal frameworks, institutions, processes and mechanisms by which the public resources are managed and how it is accounted for. Persistent fiscal deficits, current account deficits, mounting public debt and the consequent fiscal bottlenecks in the...

Nigeria : Women and the Boko Haram Insurgency

Published: 2016
The experiences of women and girls in the North East are analyzed in this report, in order to inform interventions to better alleviate their suffering, facilitate their contribution to lasting peace and mitigate the threat from female Boko Haram members. Patriarchal norms are examined, which the sect exploited to attract recruits and tracks the diverse, changing female roles, as valuable...

Tax Base Erosion and Profit Shifting in Africa – Part 2: A Critique of Some Priority OECD Actions from an African Perspective

Three of the highest priority actions were identified in this paper, which have the greatest BEPS impact for African economies. These are: Action 4, which deals with limiting base erosion via interest deductions and other financial payments; Action 6, which deals with preventing treaty abuse; and Action 7, which discussed the prevention of the artificial avoidance of permanent establishment...

Harnessing the Demographic Dividend : The Future We Want for Zambia

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2015
This study report showed that Zambia can harness a sizeable demographic dividend. Zambia should adopt policies and prioritize investments aimed at accelerating fertility reduction through voluntary and rights based interventions and education to open the window to harnessing the demographic dividend. Additionally, Zambia has to make strategic investments in education and skills development,...

Economic Reforms and Policies to Boost Job Creation and Optimise Malawi’s Opportunity to Harness the Demographic Dividend and Accelerate Socio-economic Development

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2016
Malawi can by optimizing its economic opportunities and unleashing the power of its youthful population into an asset for development through the demographic dividend (DD), potentially accelerate its socio-economic economic transformation agenda outlined in Vision 2020. The DD is the economic benefit that arises from a significant increase in the ratio of working-age adults relative to young...

Accelerating Fertility Decline in Zambia Opening the Window of Opportunity for the Demographic Dividend

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2015
Over the past three decades, Zambia’s fertility has declined slowly in the context of steady decline in child mortality. Consequently, 45% of the population is under 15 years of age, which has resulted in a high child dependency burden. The population increased from about 3.5 to 13 million between 1963 and 2010, was estimated at 15 million in 2014, and it is projected to reach about 27 million in...

Accelerating Economic Growth and Policy Reforms to Optimise Zambia’s Demographic Dividend

Publisher: African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Published: 2015
Zambia‘s Vision 2030 attempts to turn the country into a prosperous industrial middle-income nation, which will provides opportunities for improving the well-being of all its citizens. In the past decade, the country has experienced steady economic growth, averaging at 6.7 % and graduated into lower middle-income status in 2012, with a per capita GDP of $1,839 in 2013. Despite this impressive...

Regional Trade for Inclusive Development in West Africa

This study analyzed the potential of regional trade in facilitating the achievement of inclusive development in the West African region. Descriptive analysis is employed to examine the nature, composition and dimension of ECOWAS trade within the group and with the rest of the world, vis-à-vis three other Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). From the preliminary study...

Upholding Good Governance: Democracy, Elections, and Local Institutions under Political and Social Uncertainty

The first issue brief in this chapter is titled: We need to learn from recent crises in West Africa: Local governance and civil society solutions on pages 94-97. Major progress was made in 2016, firstly with cooperation between African governments, communities, civic organizations, and international partners overcame initial struggles and succeeded in ending the latest Ebola outbreak in Guinea,...

Survey Report on Key Socio Economic and Governance Issues in Ghana - Main Report

Published: 2016
The IEA Socio-Economic and Governance Surveys, seeks the opinion of the public on socio-economic and governance issues including people’s living conditions, government’s performance in addressing key socio-economic challenges, peace and security, freedom, discrimination, rights of political participation, trust in public institutions etc. Public awareness of socio-economic and governance issues...

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged, some new and others accentuated by the conflict – badly managed decentralization, corruption, marginalization, ethnic rivalries and exclusionary...

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

Publisher: Partnership Africa-Canada (PAC)
Published: 2017
The analyses in this report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. This report’s scope focuses on the artisanal gold sector in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso. However, many of its findings are applicable to other countries in the West African region, most...

Perception of Climate Change in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

Publisher: Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED)
Published: 2011
The research shows that the majority of Nigerians within the Niger Delta have very poor knowledge of the causes and effects of climate change. This therefore calls on all levels of government in Nigeria to vigorously pursue, public enlightenment on the causes and effects of climate change using media like television, radio and newspapers. These media outlets/firms are recommended because they are...

Federal Government Amnesty Strategy in the Niger Delta : Will it go Beyond Satisficing Minimalism?

Publisher: Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED)
Published: 2011
The DDRR strategy is a commendable initiative, since it brings back the developmental problem of the Niger Delta atop the in-tray of the national policy agenda in Nigeria and allows the proponents of the Niger Delta developmental issues to ventilate their concerns through an administrative rather than an adversarial platform. However, there are many indications that the implementation of the...

Improving the Productivity of Small Scale Cassava Farmers in Nigeria's Niger Delta through Participatory Action Research

Publisher: Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED)
Published: 2013
In order to improve the productivity of small scale farmers and be successful in these endeavours, the introduction of new and modern farming techniques is essential to push for the increase both on the land and labour productivity. Modern and improved farming methods cannot occur effectively without the creation, accumulation, sharing, and use of knowledge generated through action research....

Spatial Variation in Rural Development and Internal Migration in Delta State, Nigeria

Publisher: Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED)
Published: 2013
This study of the Delta State rural development pattern, has shown that rural communities in the state are at different stages of socio-economic development as some are better developed than others. The migration patterns and trends shown in this study, are closely related to the patterns of socio-economic development of the rural communities. The less developed communities were characterized...

Improvement in the Processing of Cassava by Small Scale Farmers in Jesse Community, Nigeria : An Action Research

Publisher: Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED)
Published: 2013
The findings of a participatory action research programme on promoting the improvement of cassava processing by small scale farmers in Jesse community of Delta State in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, is presented in this paper. In the first section, a conceptual framework is provided, which can be used to examine the challenges of improving the processing of cassava by small scale farmers...

Knowledge Transfer and Knowledge Brokerage for Policy Making on Health Care in Nigeria : The Example of the Primary Health Care Project in Delta State

Publisher: Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED)
Published: 2014
The research programme’s general objective is to contribute to a body of evidence on the strengthening of the health system in Nigeria that can influence the development and modification and implementation of policies on equitable access to health care. The specific objectives address knowledge development (research), knowledge translation (influencing policy) and capacity building and...

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