Latest Articles

Development Without Aid

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2001
Particularly prevalent among African officialdom, there is a disturbing mindset, that somehow development is impossible without the intervention of foreign aid. The former President of the Republic of Zambia, Kenneth Kaunda, wept before the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1973, in an appeal to the rich nations of the world to come to the aid of Africa in crisis. More recently the...

Oil Production and Ghana's Economy: What Can We Expect?

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2010
There are two key objectives in this paper. Firstly, it seeks to estimate the impacts of oil production on Ghana’s economy using a computable general equilibrium model. Secondly, it proposes policies to mitigate the adverse impacts oil activities may have on various sectors of the economy. The results indicate that production from the Jubilee oil field could increase the GDP growth rate by 3.5...

Strengthening Ghana's Electoral System : A Precondition for Stability and Development

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2013
Inextricably interwoven with elections, is the democratization process. Political party engagement stems from the aggregation of political ideas through political parties so that a meaningful political competition can take place. Hence, to rig an election is to unlawfully appropriate the will of the people. A study of conflict in African States reveals two main causative factors : ethnicity and...

Le Maroc et l’Afrique Pour une Mobilisation Nationale d’Envergure / An Important National Mobilization for Morocco and Africa

Published: 2014
This publication intends to analyze the vision of HM King Mohammed VI giving stature and importance to the partnership between the Kingdom and the various African countries and to highlight it compared to the strategies of the Moroccan companies present on the continent and with the macroeconomic and geostrategic data of Africa, considered today as the last frontier of growth. The African...

Civilian Control and the Security Sector

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2001
The democratic transition and consolidation that Ghana has gone through, reflects in several ways the struggles for democratic accountability, transparency and sustainability, with broad support from different sections of the community. These conform to the general developments in the 1980s and 1990s which seem to indicate that the role of the military in politics is becoming less prominent. Yet...

Promoting Financial Inclusion for Inclusive Growth in Africa

This paper has highlighted the state of financial inclusion in Africa and its importance in ensuring economic development and inclusive growth. However, although many countries have agreed to make financial inclusion a priority, as per the Maya Declaration, many of the rural poor in Africa are still financially excluded. The low level of financial inclusion reflects the impact of demand...

Riding the Sudanese Storm: China, India, Russia, Brazil and the Two Sudans

This paper offers a thematic analysis of the Chinese, Indian, Russian and Brazilian engagements since Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005, with particular focus on the changing nature and trajectory of these relationships after the establishment of the two Sudans in July 2011. It first considers how relations changed during the CPA, which paved the way for the current ‘two states...

Le Projet Constitutionnel en 30 Points Essentiel / The Constitutional Project 30 Essential Points

Published: 2015
The Institute Amadeus released a Memorandum on April 29 last year, which was presented to the Advisory Commission of Revision of the Constitution. The completed document follows an external consultation process, which was embodied by the organization of a workshop held on 25 April, the result of rigorous internal debates. This proposal was made in a spirit of realism, notably on the basis of the...

Le Maroc et le Conseil de Coopération du Golfe : Perspectives Géostratégiques et Opportunités économiques / Morocco and the Gulf Cooperation Council: Geostratic Perspectives and Economic Opportunities

Published: 2011
The geopolitical consequences of the ongoing Arab revolts, begin to clearly show. After the inter-Palestinian agreement between the movements of Hamas and Fatah, which would have been unimaginable months ago, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) foresee to open its doors to Jordan and Morocco. Thus, the leaders of the Council meeting Tuesday, May 10 2011 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, invited the country...

Côte d'Ivoire : Chronique d'une Transition Ratée / Ivory Coast: Chronicle of a Failed Transition

Published: 2015
Holding an iron hand for thirty years under the one-party rule, Côte d'Ivoire has developed through the political direction of a man called:Felix Houphouet-Boigny. Around its single party, the Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire (PDCI), managed to develop the diverse ethnic population of his country: a mosaic of over sixty ethnic groups, a foreign community that could represent up to a...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in news-gathering and in agenda-setting. ‘Conflict Resolution in the Central African Republic: What Role for Civil Society?’ argues that the resolution...

Nigéria : Ce Géant aux Pieds d’Argile / Nigeria : The Giant with Feet of Clay

Published: 2015
On the eve of the Nigerian elections, the focus is on a continental superpower which has passed within a few months from euphoria to despair and anxiety. The main issues of this election are volatility of commodity prices, corruption and populism and no substantive discussions and the fight against Boko Haram. This poses an election with high risks. / A la veille des élections au Nigéria, zoom...

Infrastructures Africaines : Quelles Opportunités de Financement? / African Infrastructure: What are the funding opportunities?

Published: 2015
The inadequate amount of infrastructure on the African continent is the first thing that strikes you as you contemplate the state thereof on the continent, compared to the needs. The situation is worse in the energy sector. Thirty African countries are experiencing disruptions in their power that cost the African economy between one and two percentage points of growth per year. The energy...

Afrique 2050 : la sécurité et le développement, entre complémentarité et rivalité / Africa 2050: Security and Development, between Complementarity and Rivalry

Published: 2015
Conflict, repeated crises and widespread insecurity continue to significantly curb any form of progress in Africa. More than one-fifth of the population of the black continent is directly affected by one or more conflicts, which continue to destroy infrastructure vital to any economic activity, constantly degrade the business climate, and continuously deteriorate the institutional and democratic...

The IEA Petroleum Transparency and Accountability Index: The PTRAC Index 2012 Report : Tracking Transparency and Accountability in Ghana's Oil and Gas Industry

Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs Ghana (IEA)
Published: 2014
The management of natural resources such as petroleum can be a blessing or a curse for developing countries. Ghana is fortunate in the sense that in anticipation of being an oil producer, it has learned lessons from countries that have managed their oil resources well and from those that have not fared so well. On the positive side, the discovery of substantial reserves of petroleum in Ghana...

Statut Avancé: Passer du Symbolique au Pratique / Advanced Status: Move from the Symbolic to the Practical

Published: 2015
The signing of the Status Advance undoubtedly endorsed the strength of the Morocco-EU relations. Through this joint document, Europeans engage in medium-term cooperation and believe that their interests go through stronger cooperation. An area of free trade is established, as well as in depth dialogue in political, social and cultural issues. The practical implementation of these ambitions...

L'Afrique : Nouvel Eldorado des Investisseurs étrangers ? / Africa: New Eldorado for Foreign Investors?

Published: 2015
The surge of FDI in Africa was spectacular during the last decade: indeed, since the middle of the Nineties, the entries of FDI became the main source of external financing of the African countries and constitute more than double of the government aid to development. The 10 last years of sustained high growth in Africa equipped the households with a higher purchasing power, today attracting...

Concept Note: Development Finance and the Post 2015 Framework

The post 2015 framework gave rise to many interesting and encouraging consultations in many parts of Africa. Important lessons in these consultations are being drawn from the successes and shortcomings of the MDGs both in terms of process and content. The contribution of the lessons learnt improves the process and content of the post 2015 framework. While the jury is out on a conclusive...

Afrique : Les Revers de l'Urbanisation / Africa : The Other Side of Urbanisation

Published: 2015
Urbanization is one of the major changes faced by the continent since independence. At the beginning of the 1960's, only 15% of the African population lived in the urban workplace. However, in 2009, nearly 40% of Africans now reside in the city. Southern as well as North Africa are the most urbanized regions of the continent with respectively 59% and 52% of the urban population in 2010. / L...

Advancing Regional Recommendations on the Post 2015 Development Agenda - A Consultation with Civil Society

This report provides a detailed account of regional civil society perspectives on barriers to sustainable development and recommendations for overcoming them. Through quotations and summaries of the discussions and written submissions, it focuses on alternative proposals to those presented in the four reports under review. UNNGLS has synthesized the findings according to four main objectives for...

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