Latest Articles

“20th Anniversary of the Barcelona Declaration Challenges to Opportunities: a Common Development Agenda for the Mediterranean”

Published: 2015
The geopolitical situation that prevails in the Mediterranean region is difficult and complex, notably to the emergence of a new strategic equation which raises fears about a new outbreak of violence. In this troubled context Morocco, under the leadership of HM King Mohammed I has been engaged in a democratic process, based on an inclusive approach that he leads with faith and determination. The...

What Happened to World Trade?

Published: 2016
Since the aftermath of the global financial crisis, 2015 can be regarded as one of the worst years for world trade, with figures exhibiting a decline of almost 14% in dollar value terms. In fact, world trade volumes have lagged behind GDP growth since the 2000s, a trend accentuated since the onset of the global financial crisis. Global trade increases took place at a higher pace than world GDP...

The Role of Soils in Global Water and Food Security

Published: 2016
Critical to the future health of our planet is the development of policies and strategies for global resource security (water and food). The world today faces an increase in the amplitude and frequency of dynamic stresses that greatly challenges our ability to provide effective policies and strategies. It is believed that one limiting factor for this challenge is the lack of an adequate,...

La Chine face à la Prolifération du Phénomène Terroriste en Afrique / China faced with the Proliferation of the Terrorist Phenomenon in Africa

Published: 2016
With the expansion of the terrorist phenomenon in Africa, China is placed in a dilemma: to remain true to its non-interference policy in the internal affairs of other States, even if Chinese citizens and interests are threatened or; adopt a more interventionist policy to protect its investments in Africa even at the cost of making certain corrections to the principles that have, until now,...

L'intégration économique en Afrique: un Processus en cours / Economic Integration in Africa: an Ongoing Process

Published: 2016
Throughout the world, regional economic integration is accelerating growth and brings a range of benefits linked to improved political cooperation, increased intra-regional trade and job creation. Regions that are more integrated have demonstrated greater adaptability in times of global economic downturn. As the global economy struggles to regain its high levels of growth ten years ago, internal...

NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue: What are New Possible Approaches?

Published: 2016
NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) is a forum for cooperation launched in 1994 for non-NATO members from Mediterranean countries. Currently, it involves Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Mauritania and Tunisia. By enhancing the level of partnership, the 2004 Istanbul Heads of State NATO Summit gave new impetus to the dialogue. Since then, many observers noted its difficulty to...

2016: Rebound Year for Hard Commodities?

Published: 2016
The prices of non-renewable commodities rebounded during the first four months of 2016, after registering significant declines in 2015, resulting in a key question for many countries and economic stakeholders: can November 2015 be regarded as the low point of the cycle, suggesting a markets recovery, if not sustained, at least sustainable? The hypothesis seems reasonable, but recent crude oil...

Managing Natural Resources for Growth and Prosperity in Low Income Countries

This paper analyzed the economic impact of natural resources on low-income countries and the policy options available to them as recommended by academia and international organizations. It was concluded that traditional policy prescriptions are unrealistic and miss a number of issues that include what to do when resources are depleted, job creation for growth and prosperity, and heterogeneity in...

Adoption des TIC en Microfinance et Impact sur les Performances Sociales: Cas des Institutions de Microfinance (IMF) Sénégalaises / Adoption of ICT in Microfinance and Impact on Social Performance: Case of Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) in Senegal

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2013
This contribution analyzed the factors favoring the adoption of Information and Communication Technologies (ITCs) within micro-finance institutions (MFIs) and the impact of their use on the social mission of micro-finance institutions. Firstly, it highlights the determinants of adoption of ITC’s in the Senegalese micro-finance industry and then, it highlights the impact of their use of social...

Housing Policies in Africa & Brazil: The Role of PPPs for Low-Income Housing

Housing is part of the United Nations 11th Sustainable Development Goal, which is to “make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”. One of the most important targets of such a goal is to “ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums”. Since 2007, the world has faced rising inequality, insecurity and climate change impact. According...

Politics, Policies and Prospects of the MENA Region

Published: 2016
The MENA region is vital for Europe economically as a source of energy and as a large and historically rapidly growing market. However, politically, it is a source of unwanted migration, conflicts, and geopolitical instability. The analysis in this Policy Brief is about the diversity of the MENA region by highlighting some economic features. It also discusses a reform agenda for the region based...

Gouvernance dans les Institutions de Microfinance : Contingence et Apprentissage Organisationnel / Governance in Microfinance Institutions: Contingency and Organizational Learning

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2015
This work aims to show the central role of contingency variables and organizational learning for the definition of effective modes of governance in MFIs. Thus, the dependence of the MFI on resources, the culture that can be national or organizational and the stage of development, determine the governance of these entities. Organizational learning also determines the ability of MFIs to adapt their...

Libertés et Contraintes dans la Règlementation du Marché des Télécommunications en Afrique de l'Ouest exemple du Marché Sénégalais / Freedoms and Constraints in the Regulation of the Telecommunications Market in West Africa - Senegalese Market Example

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2013
The United States have for years reserved the management pf their telecommunications sector for a single public company, but it later became a private company. The company operated within the framework of a regulation that defined its rights and obligations. It was in the mid-1970s that the deregulation movement originated in the United States, mainly due to advances in ICTs, the globalization...

Appartenance à un Réseau, Gouvernance et Performance dans les Coopératives d’épargne et de Crédit au Cameroun / Network Membership, Governance and Performance in Savings and Credit Cooperatives in Cameroon

Publisher: Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale (CRES)
Published: 2014
This work aims to show the central role of the network in the functioning of governance systems regarding savings and credit cooperatives, and to assess the influence of the membership of a cooperative in a network on its performance. Based on an empirical study of a sample of network-affiliated cooperatives and independent cooperatives, the Board of Directors and network oversight are the main...

The Importance of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Published: 2016
Heads of State met in September 2015, at the United Nations General Assembly to announce the end of the term of “Millennium Development Goals” (MDGs) and commit to a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The 17 SDGs were written by disciplinary teams, and as they are formulated now, they recognize the inter linkages between well-being, economic prosperity and a healthy environment. A...

The Global Outlook, Secular Stagnation and the MENA Region

Published: 2016
Despite the gloomy tone of much discussion at the just-concluded IMF and World Bank annual meetings, the global economy is not in as bad shape as many think. The concerns about “secular stagnation” in advanced countries are also overplayed, and nor are developing countries directly exposed to such risks. By contrast, the pessimism about the prospects for MENA are unfortunately largely justified....

2017 TANA Forum Report No Retreat, No Surrender

Various themes that link natural resource extraction and governance to violent conflict in Africa is explored in this background paper, which not only captures the state of practice in natural resource governance from the vantage point of various key actors like the state, global governance institutions and civil society, but also explores the more recent ideational trends which could be...

The BRICS in an Age of Multipolarity: Sustaining Strategic Partnerships under Difficult Economic Conditions

Published: 2017
This journal comprises several articles related to international relations. The first article is titled : The BRICS in an age of multipolarity: Sustaining strategic partnerships under difficult economic conditions by Philani Mthembu. While much has been achieved by these countries against the backdrop of much criticism and scepticism regarding their cooperation, questions still remain in a...

How to Implement Domestic Resource Mobilization (DRM) Successfully for Effective Delivery of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Africa Illustrative Actionable Solutions for Policy Leaders

Published: 2016
Part 1 of this policy series followed on the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015. A comprehensive analytical and predictive model was created which explained the key factors leading to failure or success of DRM strategies in Africa. In part 2, concrete illustrations of actionable solutions were created in order to help policy leaders implement DRM successfully for effective...

Diaspora, Development and Morocco

Published: 2015
This policy paper reviews what is known about the contribution that the diaspora can make to development in the country of origin, drawing from a small but rapidly growing empirical literature on the subject. It then further examines the needs of the diaspora and the development role it can play through its organizations. The main focus of the paper is on migration and diaspora in the Middle...

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