Latest Articles

l’Émission de l’Obligation Municipale à Dakar : Le Conte de Deux Cités / Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Published: 2016
Municipal and central governments are being overwhelmed by the rapid growth of Africa’s cities. The provision of basic services to residents is worsening and strategic planning has been insufficient. Since the 1990s, widespread devolution has substantially shifted responsibility for coping with urbanization to local authorities, yet municipal governments across Africa receive a paltry share of...

Policy Challenges of Climate Change and Adaptation in Northern Nigeria

Northern Nigeria is prone to climate change because of its proximity to the desert and increasing industrial and agricultural activities. The agricultural sector and economy are threatened if the loss of vegetative ecosystems continue. There is an urgent need to formulate, promote and implement policies on climate change adaptation.

Machobane Farming System and its Relevance to Climate Change Policy in Lesotho

"Lesotho is heavily influenced by a variety of competing weather systems because of its high elevation that range from 1,388 to 3,482m above sea level.These climatic conditions make Lesotho to be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. The country is already experiencing some impacts of global warming as seen by the increasing frequency of natural disasters, droughts and emerging signs...

Incidence of Indigenous, Emerging and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers' Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi

Dry spells or drought and floods as a result of climate change is a serious problem for smallholder farmers in Malawi because agriculture is their main livelihood. Food shortages and low income levels mean inability of farmers to participate in day to day economic activities. The question that this study tried to address was: What are the indigenous, innovative and emerging climate change...

Policy Implications for Intellectual Property Systems for Traditional Healers in Lesotho

Traditional Medicine is part of the daily life of the Basotho. Every village in ancient times had a traditional healer living near the chief's main house. Traditional healers are popular as they are affordable, accessible, adaptable and culturally familiar. However due to HIV/AIDS the biodiversity of the country is seriously threatened as a result of their activities. Policies to protect the...

Traditional Healers and Their Provision of Mental Health Services in Cosmopolitan Informal Settlements in Nairobi, Kenya

One of the major challenges for the Government is the provision of health services for its people, which is a basic need. However, Kenya just like other developing economies is generally constrained by lack of sufficient resources to sustain this demand. Traditional medicine in all its form was the only mode of treatment in Kenya for the various communities before the white man came to Kenya. It...

Towards Influencing National Legislation, Policies, Strategies and Programmes for Appropriate Protection and Benefit-Sharing of Traditional Knowledge (TK) with Traditional Herbalists in Uganda

"Today, the importance of Traditional Knowledge (TK) in Uganda cannot be overemphasized given the country’s widespread cultural wealth in knowledge, creativity and innovation. To-date however, there are no established laws, policies or programmes in Uganda, to give a firm and clear guidance in the utilization, appropriate protection and benefit-sharing of Traditional knowledge pertaining to...

Frameworks for Intellectual Property Protection of Traditional Knowledge in Tanzania

This study revealed that protection mechanisms among the community is mainly secrecy, which cannot be recommended as a means of protecting the TK. Leakage of the secrets could lead to no protection. As TK is not documented, there is a danger of losing this knowledge. The service of traditional healers is required and has got its contribution to the health care of the society. Few traditional...

Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

"This research was initiated to exploit traditional knowledge on traditional herbal medicine with special reference to livestock. Healing with Ethiopian traditional medicine is not only concerned with curing of diseases but also with the protection and promotion of human physical, spiritual, social, mental and material wellbeing. Medicinal plants and knowledge of their use provide a vital...

Economic, Social and Political Developments and challenges in IGAD Region Conference Proceedings, October 23-25, 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Publisher: The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI) in Ethiopia
Published: 2015
"The proceeding is divided into seven parts. Part one deals with Foreign Direct Investment. In this part, two papers are presented. Part two is on Food Security in which issues ranging from impact of remittance, regional trade and other relevant issues on food security are discussed in four different papers. Part three deals with Growth and Urban Development in which two papers on growth and...

Microfinance Institutions in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda: Loan Outreach to the Poor and the Quest for Financial Viability

Publisher: The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI) in Ethiopia
Published: 2014
Loan outreach—financial viability nexus is among the unsettled issues in microfinance literature: unyielding stance favoring viability for increased outreach to the poor (depth) versus a trade-off view justifying subsidized Microfinance Institutions (MFIs). The concern is exceedingly relevant to developing countries that opt for right policies towards financial inclusion. Even leading...

Is the Ethiopian Birr Overvalued? A Sober Assessment

Publisher: The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI) in Ethiopia
Published: 2014
"The purpose of this short paper is to answer the question by examining whether the Birr is misaligned or it is close to its equilibrium value as determined by macroeconomic fundamentals. To do so, the paper estimates what is called the fundamental or equilibrium exchange rate and compares this value with the actual exchange rate to evaluate whether and /or the extent to which the actual...

Regional Integration and Trade in Africa: Augmented Gravity Model Approach

Publisher: The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI) in Ethiopia
Published: 2013
"Despite the existence of many regional economic communities (RECs) in Africa, intra-regional trade remains staggeringly low compared to other trading blocs in Europe, Asia and Latin America. Hence this study tries to uncover the main factors behind the low level of intra-regional trade and the role of RECs in promoting intra-regional trade by taking four RECs in Africa (COMESA, ECOWAS, IGAD...

Composition of Growth and Alleviation of Income Poverty and Child Undernutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa

Publisher: The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI) in Ethiopia
Published: 2014
"This paper analyzes how the size and composition of growth are correlated with poverty reduction. Unlike most studies that focus only on income poverty, this study uses both income/consumption poverty and child undernutrition in the analysis, and extends the discussion on growth-poverty relationship further to include non-income poverty. Using a cross section data from SSA, the analysis has...

Economic Growth in the Horn of Africa: Identifying Principal Drivers and Determinants

Publisher: The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI) in Ethiopia
Published: 2012
"The Horn of Africa countries had poor economic growth for many decades before the 2000’s. Various studies were conducted to uncover the factors responsible for the poor economic performance and divergence from the developing regions. Opinions varied, however, on why the countries in the Horn sub-region have been some of the poorest in the world. In identifying growth determinants in the sub...

Seed Systems and Climate Change: Exploring Perceptions and Options for Building Resilience of Farmer Seed Systems in Uganda

Publisher: The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI) in Ethiopia
Published: 2014
"Given the challenges facing agriculture resulting from climate change, building resilience is a priority. Seed systems are an important area for enhancing such resilience as seed security has direct links to food security, and resilient livelihoods in general. This study used data from a nationally representative sample to assess farmer perceptions of climate change, its effects on...

Assessment of Economic Integration in IGAD

Publisher: The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI) in Ethiopia
Published: 2013
"This study seeks to assess the progress made so far and the challenges that face regional integration process in the Horn of Africa with especial emphasis on IGAD; and it provides a roadmap to enhance the regional efforts beyond the creation of free trade area. The objective of the assessment is to provide analytical policy recommendations that help to establish an effective regional...

Supply of Improved Rice Seed in Eastern Uganda : The Gap and Required Investment

The challenges are explained in this brief, which limit the use of improved rice seed in three major rice growing districts in Eastern Uganda. Insufficient supply of improved seed is a core constraint to intensification in rice production. In the three study districts, there are only four rice seed producers, which renders rice seed to be the hardest input to access by farmers compared to...

Export Commodity Prices and Long-Run Growth of Primary Commodities-Based African Economies

The impact of commodity prices on growth dynamics is evaluated in this paper, especially concerning selected primary commodities based African economies. Firstly, the conditions for different impacts of primary commodity prices on growth are explained. The patterns of impacts of commodity prices are associated with their economic structures and the nature of diversification in primary commodities...

Une Revue Critique de la Position des Acteurs sur la Réforme Foncière au Sénégal /A Critical Review of the Position of the Actors on Land Reform in Senegal

In Senegal, like the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, the land question includes various issues and engages multiple actors: i.e. government, non-state actors (NGOs and farmers' organizations), local authorities, bilateral and multilateral partners, the private sector, think tanks and local communities. It is unanimously recognized that the land management has challenges that transcend eras,...

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