Latest Articles

Governing African Extractives for Development Lessons from Ghana’s Petroleum Revenue Management Law

In order to ensure transparency, accountability and good governance, Ghana’s initiatives and its efforts to guarantee the sustainability of revenues from the hydrocarbons sector, have been largely informed by mistakes the country made in managing its own gold sector as well as the mistakes of its neighbours. The initiative not to use oil revenues for recurrent expenditures was aimed at ensuring...

Citizen Engagement in Natural Resource Governance

Published: 2016
Mining operations of 7 diamond companies in Manicaland Province were shut down by the government in February 2016, because their operations lacked transparency and accountability. Government decided to merge diamond companies into the newly formed Zimbabwe Consolidation Diamond Company (ZCDC), in order to centralize its oversight role in the exploitation of diamonds. Responding to the shutdown...

Survival of Multiparty Democracy in Ghana

"The politics of Ghana have, unfortunately, not evolved along a smooth and steady path. In colonial times our politics was substantially a politics of protest against foreign domination by the colonial power. There was not and could not be multiparty democracy in any real sense. A few political parties’ movements and societies functioned but the power was in the heads of the colonial...

Reserving Special Seats for Women in Parliament: Issues and Obstacles

"The ''representativeness'' of institutions of political representation in gender terms have featured in a number of studies. The base argument is that Parliament should be a microcosm of the nation as a whole. Hamilton opined: ''it is said to be necessary that all classes of citizens should have some of their own numbers in the representative body in order that...

Does Less Engaged Mean Less Empowered? Political Participation Lags Among African Youth, Especially Women

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Engagement in the political process, an important avenue for citizen empowerment in democracies worldwide, is a critical component of the AU’s policy framework for youth empowerment in Africa. However, this analysis shows that African youth are generally less likely than their older peers to engage in various forms of political participation, including voting and civic activism. These...

Election 2004 and the Policy Challenge of the NPP Government

"Election 2004 has come and gone. The conduct was transparent and the outcome peaceful. The euphoria and the celebrations have ended and the furor over results subsided. The process of forming the new Government is now seriously under way. The time has come for sober reflection on the outcome of the elections and the implications for Government policy. In conclusion, the findings of this...

Saving Africa's Vanishing Wildlife: How Civil Society can Help Turn the Tide

"Conservation in Africa is failing. An upsurge in poaching and wildlife trafficking has made headlines, but comparatively little attention has been paid to the wider, systematic decline of many large mammal populations across large areas.1 There are many underlying drivers of this decline, but poor wildlife governance is a common, critical factor.2 Strong local and national civil society...

Bridging the Gap Between Policymakers and Research and Advocacy Organizations (RAOs): The Challenges Facing RAOs

"Research and advocacy organizations (RAOs) serve a useful function of linking policy makers, who are primarily politicians, with society's needs, aspirations, problems and their possible solutions. In order to design policies and programmes to improve societal wellbeing, policymakers need access to good information about the problems, their causes and solutions. Yet the work of RAOs is...

The Gendered Impact of Agricultural Reform in Rwanda - IPAR 3rd Annual Research Conference

This presentation mainly informs about the role of women in the agricultural sector. The document states that generally, the goal of the agricultural sector is to achieve sustainable economic growth, as well as social development leading to the increase and diversification of household incomes and ensuring food and nutritional security for the entire population. Should women have had the same...

Evaluating Botswana's Performance on National Vision 2016 Public Opinion on Development Pillars

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"In monitoring progress toward Vision 2016’s four long-term goals (sustained development, rapid economic growth, economic independence, and social justice) and seven development “pillars,” the Vision 2016 Council has generally relied on a variety of regional and international indicators of objective data, such as per capita gross national income (GNI) or the Human Development Index (HDI) on...

Building an Independent Parliament the Creation of Rules of Procedure for Private Members Bills & the Creation of the Office of the Parliamentary Draftsman

"Under the Fourth Republican Constitution, the Governance Structure that was created envisaged the separation of powers through the three principal arms of Government The Executive, the Legislature & the Judiciary - each playing very specific roles. The activities of the three arms of Government are all aimed towards ensuring the maintenance of checks & balances; and the continued...

Do Trustworthy Institutions Matter for Development? Corruption, Trust and Government Performance in Africa

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"This Afrobarometer dispatch explores whether African citizens think that political institutions – ranging from the state presidency to local government councils – are worthy of their trust and whether public trust matters for development outcomes. We focus on the popular trustworthiness of institutions as a convenient shorthand way to summarize the quality and capacity of political...

The Proposed Creation Of New Constituencies

"The announcement by the Electoral Commission that thirty (30) additional parliamentary constituencies are to be created has provoked a confrontation between the Commission and the minority parties and generated heated public debate in the media. Debate on such a matter of public importance is a good sign, but such debate is unhealthy if it is merely emotional and based on political...

Zimbabweans strongly Favour Free Cross-border Movement but hold Mixed Views of SADC

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"The Southern African Development Community (SADC) counts among its 15 member states the region’s richest country (South Africa) as well as some of its poorest; landlocked as well as island states; and states with some of the largest populations in Africa (the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)) as well as some of the smallest (Seychelles). As a SADC member, Zimbabwe would expect to benefit...

Strategic Significance of National Oil Companies: Lessons for Tanzania

The genesis of NOC’s is examined in this paper and how these institutions have contributed to the development needs of countries that have established them. The essay serves to enhance dialogue on this subject and to locate the evolution of the Tanzanian NOC within a broader industry context. The key proposition underlying this essay is that the benefits of hydrocarbon to the country can be...

Facing Drought, Can Zimbabwe Improve on History of Food Shortage, Poor Management

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Zimbabwe and other Southern African countries are facing one of their worst food shortages in decades. In February 2016, President Robert Mugabe declared a state of disaster in rural parts of the country severely hit by a drought largely blamed on the impact of El Niño. A rapid assessment led by the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee in January 2016 estimated that 2.8 million...

2016 Background Paper “Africa in the Global Security Agenda” 5th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa

Published: 2016
Rethinking Africa’s role in the global security agenda (architecture) is an urgent task. Some of the key questions focused on by the Fifth Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, are : 1)What is the state of knowledge about “global security” beyond the dominant state-centric and militarized conceptions of security? 2)Is there a common understanding of the notion; and, if yes, what are its...

The Impact of the Amnesty Programme on Rural Communities in Niger Delta : Perspectives on the Experiences and Views of Sampled Community Members

Publisher: Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED)
Published: 2014
This qualitative survey of selected rural communities in the Niger Delta emphasized that the inhabitants of these communities have not felt remarkably the impact of the Amnesty programme in terms of improving their wellbeing. They expressed the view that government and multinational corporations exploring and exploiting the oil resources in their communities are basically insensitive to the...

Food Environments, Health and Nutrition in South Africa Mapping the Research and Policy Terrain

"The aim of this paper was to review existing research and policies related to food environments so as to identify research gaps towards a research agenda for the new Centre of Excellence in Food Security. Food environments influence food choices and nutritional status. Significant changes have taken place in the South African consumer food environments since the mid-1990s accompanied by...

Mali's Young ‘Jihadists’ Fuelled by Faith or Circumstance?

Young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed as unemployed, idle and fanatical . There is however little empirical data to support this characterization. Little research has been done in the Malian context where the young people involved in these groups have been interviewed directly, to assess the role that both religion and unemployment play in the emergence of...

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