Maam Suwadu Sakho-Jimbira

Southern Voice Measuring Post-2015 Sustainable Development in Senegal Phase II Follow-up Study

This report recommends, through an inclusive plan of action, concrete proposals that are consistent with national needs yet responsive to international challenges. A first recommendation is to ensure a strong political leadership and commitment from key decision-makers. This will facilitate a good ownership of the SDGs, and therefore their alignment with the Senegal’s new economic and social policy framework. Another recommendation is to establish efficient SDG monitoring and evaluation mechanisms, through an operationalisation of the Harmonised Monitoring-Evaluation Framework; bringing together the monitoring of SDG indicators and PSE indicators. In addition, capacity should be built for ensuring the production of quality data on SDGs, by deepening the present work on mapping data sources during the Data Test study. A key recommendation is to promote the domestic resource mobilisation, through the development of public-private partnership or the creation of an annual budget line dedicated to the production of sectorial statistics. Finally, an effective communication is required on SDGs and their data-related needs in order to develop a strong sense of national ownership.

Migrations et Diversification des Activités Economiques locales : étude du Bassin Arachidier du Sénégal / Migration and Diversification of Local Economic Activities : Study of the Groundnut Basin in Senegal

"In this article, we are interested in the diversification of activities in the broad sense, by showing that it occupies an increasingly important place in the income of rural households in the groundnut basin of Senegal. We have distinguished two types of diversification: migration, on the one hand and the non-agricultural, local activities on the other. The transfers from the migration may, in fact, stimulate non-agricultural activities by lifting the constraint of liquidity and the diversification of the activities may allow the accumulation of capital needed for migration. The results tend to show that the two types of diversification are rather substitutable, which leads us to reject the hypothesis of a self-perpetuating phenomenon of diversification that would result in a spill out of agricultural activities. In addition, the demographic structure of the family, and therefore its position in its life cycle, partly explains the behaviour of migration. This last observation may be due to the fact that the migration decision is, in our case, collective and with a return migration. / Dans cet article, nous nous sommes intéressés à la diversification des activités au sens large, en montrant qu’elle occupe une place toujours plus importante dans les revenus des ménages ruraux dans la Bassin arachidier du Sénégal. Nous avons distingué deux types de diversification: la migration, d’une part, les activités locales non agricoles, de l’autre. Les transferts issus de la migration peuvent, en effet, stimuler les activités non agricoles en levant la contrainte de liquidité et la diversification des activités peut permettre l’accumulation du capital nécessaire à la migration. Les résultats tendent à montrer que les deux types de diversification sont plutôt substituables, ce qui nous amène à rejeter l’hypothèse d’un phénomène auto-entretenu de diversification qui entraînerait un déversement hors des activités agricoles. De plus, la structure démographique de la famille, et donc sa position dans son cycle de vie, explique pour partie les comportements de migration. Cette dernière observation peut être due au fait que la décision de migration est, dans notre cas, collective et avec une migration de retour."