Malose Langa

#Hashtag An Analysis of the # FeesMustFall Movement at South African Universities

"Student-led protests gained momentum in 2015/16 and spread across the country. The #FeesMustFall movement sparked heated debates on fee increases in universities. Other demands by students included the decolonisation of the educational system, transformation of universities to address racial and gender inequalities in terms of staff composition, as well as insourcing of general workers. The protests generally started peacefully within various universities, supported by academics and other concerned stakeholders. The message was clear that the costs of higher education were too high and unaffordable for the majority of poor black students. The #FeesMustFall movement was widely supported but things changed, especially when protests started turning violent. This report provides analyses of the #FeesMustFall protests in nine universities. One of the key arguments in this report is that student protests are not new in post-apartheid South Africa. Over the years, historically black universities have been characterised by multiple and violent student protests, well before the #FeesMustFall movement in 2015 and 2016. Problems with these historically black universities can be traced back to the politics of higher education funding post-1994 and the decision by the state to reduce higher education institutions from 36 to 21 through the mechanism of mergers. One of the key reasons for the merger of institutions of higher learning was to facilitate transformation and improve (especially black) students’ access to higher education and financial support. However, it appears that many of these ideals were not achieved post the mergers because many universities are still marked by differences based on the material, cultural and social positions of their separate histories"

A Follow-up Report on the Community Work Programme in Bokfontein

In this community, people worked in various projects such as road maintenance, gardening, home-based care, afterschool care, cutting grass, installing pipes for water, and working on the park. All these projects were also found to be effective in facilitating peace, reconciliation and healing amongst community members. It is against this backdrop that we were interested to explore the long-term impact of CWP and its related benefits. One of the major questions that we had in 2010 was that the community of Bokfontein was fairly new and that the positive impact of CWP observed during that period was temporary. The other aim with follow-up interviews was to also assess the long-term potential of the CWP and its sustainability in facilitating social cohesion over a period of time, and changing power dynamics due to changes in local politics. Furthermore, we were also interested to assess the impact of changes in CWP management systems and other changes related to the formalization of the CWP as a programme of national government.

Stories of Torture Survivors Who Sought Redress in Post-apartheid South Africa

The report looks only at experiences of torture amongst young black males in South Africa who have brought civil claims against police through court processes. It looks at all the steps and challenges that torture victims encounter in seeking justice through court processes. The report is based on individual interviews conducted with eight torture survivors recruited from the University of the Witwatersrand Law Clinic, which provided them with free legal assistance. The young black males in the study were more likely to be tortured by police based on existing negative stereotypes of seeing them as potential criminal suspects. The study shows that civil proceedings were used rather than criminal proceedings in dealing with cases of torture through court processes. It is also clear that torture had a negative impact on the psychosocial and physical functioning of the torture survivors. The last part of the report offers specific recommendations regarding dealing with torture in the new South Africa, based on the key findings of the study. These include the need to raise awareness about torture and the right of torture survivors to access psychosocial, medical and legal services. It is also important that advocacy and lobbying initiatives are undertaken to deal with the problem of torture in South Africa."

Analysis of Existing Data on Torture in South Africa with Specific Focus on Annual Reports Published by IPID and JICS

The practice of torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment (CIDT) remains a major human rights violation in post-apartheid South Africa. Currently, there is little information on patterns and trends of torture in South Africa. This research report seeks to fill this gap, analysing data collected and annual reports released by two government oversight bodies, namely, the Judicial Inspectorate of Correctional Services (JICS) and the Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID), over a period of five years (2007 to 2011) to try to understand patterns of torture and CIDT. The key aims of the study were as follows: To look at cases of torture and CIDT based on the available information in the reports published by IPID and JICS over the last five years (2007 to 2011); to assess and review IPID’s and JICS’ present reporting mechanisms of torture and CIDT; to conduct interviews with key individuals within these institutions to get more information on patterns and trends of torture and CIDT and how these cases are recorded and classified.