Mairi Dupar

Close to Home : Subnational Strategies for Climate Compatible Development

"The battle for climate compatible development will be won or lost at the subnational level: in provinces, districts and cities. National governments depend on subnational actors to implement climate policies. What is more, innovation in climate compatible development can flourish at the subnational level when the appropriate legal and policy conditions are created. Climate compatible development at the subnational level is characterised by distinct challenges: Subnational institutions and leaders face intense local pressure to act on the negative impacts of climate extremes and disasters. People’s expectations for subnational authorities to respond may be out of sync with the powers and resources they have available. Higher levels of scientific uncertainty about future climate trends at the local level (than at larger scale) can make it difficult to know if investments are ‘climate-proof’. Different subnational governments and agencies may struggle to coordinate with each other, making it harder to respond effectively to climate change and forge long-term solutions. The scale and pace of urbanisation in many developing countries, including unplanned settlements and the informal economy, magnify these challenges."

How to Scale out Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change

"Development decision-makers increasingly recognise community-based adaptation (CBA) as a viable way to build communities’ resilience to climate change, particularly those most vulnerable to its impacts. CBA puts them in the driving seat when it comes to designing and delivering adaptation options. However, until recently, analysis of the impacts beyond the immediate beneficiaries was not possible because not enough CBA projects had been implemented. As a result, most of the lessons about best practice have yet to be scaled out or included in wider development policies. This Working Paper explains the initial thinking from the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) on how to increase the scale and impact of CBA. It draws upon CDKN’s experience and learning, and that of our partners, from a diverse range of contexts and projects. It is not comprehensive, but contributes some initial reflections on where and how opportunities exist for scaling out CBA pilot projects."

Climate and Development Outlook: Issue No 7

This issue deals with negotiations support. The first article covers climate diplomacy in the Republic of the Marshall Islands as they are coping with drought and rising sea levels. The second article looks at the new digital divide where global climate talks have switched to paperless format but this has disadvantaged the poorest countries. The article on climate justice dialogue seeks to reframe global debate. The last article describes the capacity building work done by CDKN.

Climate and Development Outlook: Stories of Change from CDKN Issue No 5

The first article in this newsletter is an interview with Stephen King’uyu where he expresses the hope that the statement ”Green future beckons for Kenya” will be true as he and many of his compatriots draw breath at the end of an intensive, year-long consultation to develop Kenya’s National Climate Change Action Plan. “Climate information exchange” is an initiative in eastern Kenya supported by CDKN’s Innovation Fund to bridge the information gap between climate scientists and those who most need to make use of the science: agriculturists in disaster-prone districts. In the article: Integrating sustainable urban drainage, sanitation, biogas and food security Vientiane is at a juncture in deciding how it will deal with the serious impacts of its drainage water: wastewater causes pollution and health issues within the city as it is not properly treated, and its discharge damages aquatic ecosystems downstream. “Climate change should be squarely on Latin American policy agenda” is looking at the deficit in implementing public policies on climate change in Latin America, and the issue is marginal on politicians’ agendas, according to Peru’s Minister of Environment, Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, the keynote speaker at a regional forum organised by the Latin American Platform on Climate, Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (FFLA) and CDKN in October. Keeping Anguilla’s lights on—with clean power describes the result of high electricity costs and an inability to pay resulting in many homes being disconnected and businesses had to close. The Government of Anguilla has faced an outcry from residential and commercial customers who want more sustainable alternatives to ‘business as usual.

Climate and Development Outlook: Issue No 4

This document covers various operations regarding climate change negotiation programmes. This issue covers the following articles: Negotiations programme gives island states a greater voice describes the benefits of CDKN’s advocacy fund for the Republic of Marshall islands. “Pakistani planners learn from climate-resilient post-disaster construction” describes the assistance in a project by CDKN and Mott MacDonald. Bold new approach to climate adaptation in rural Uganda tackles the impacts of climate change.

Climate and Development Outlook: Stories of Change from CDKN Issue No 3

In this newsletter the first article title: Raising the voice of Mountain Governments covers the Government of Nepal need to become a world leader in highlighting the special needs and interests of mountain regions in a changing climate. Protecting farmers’ livelihoods in Colombia discusses the high stakes in a changing climate, for its coffee, cocoa and other agriculture exports, which are popular among consumers all over the world. Sustainable energy for West Africa – that’s climate resilient have been assessing how Togo and Cameroon’s national energy plans could be made more climate resilient. Agencies increase joint working on low emissions development discusses governments and agencies efforts to coordinate climate finance and to share best practices to promote low emissions growth.

Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Health Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to health. It includes an assessment of the science and the implications for society and sustainable development. This brief seeks to highlight key thematic findings and learning from SREX. It makes suggestions for immediate action to avoid further damage from climate extremes and to build a more resilient future with benefits that go beyond health.The report considered the role of development in exposure and vulnerability, the implications for disaster risk and DRM, and the interactions between extreme events, extreme impacts and development. It examined how human responses to extreme events and disasters could contribute to adaptation objectives, and how adaptation to climate change could become better integrated with DRM practice. The report represents a significant step forward for the integration and harmonisation of the climate change adaptation (CCA), DRM, and climate science communities."