Samuel Ramani is a tutor of politics and international relations at Oxford University, where he received his doctorate in 2021. He is an Associate Fellow at the Royal United Services Institution (RUSI) and a Non-Resident Fellow at the Gulf International Forum. Ramani regularly contributes to print media outlets, such as Foreign Policy and The Washington Post; think tanks, such as the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; and broadcast media stations, such as the BBC World Service and Al Jazeera English, on international affairs. He has briefed the NATO Intelligence Fusion Centre, US Department of State and France’s Ministry of Defence IRSEM on international security issues. Ramani’s first book, Russia in Africa: Resurgent Great Power or Bellicose Pretender?, will be published in 2022.