Dr. Paul-Simon Handy is currently Head of the Conflict Prevention and Risk Analysis Division of the ISS in Pretoria. Prior to this, he assumed the functions of Research Director and Deputy Executive Director in the same organisation. Paul-Simon is Political scientist and has studied at the universities of Yaounde, Berlin and Leipzig where he did his PhD. He has published extensively on issues related to governance and state fragility in Africa as well as the AU peace and security architecture and more recently on the foreign policies of selected African countries. New research interests are centered around the role of collective security regimes as well as Africa in a changing world. Paul-Simon has previously held a teaching position at the Free University of Berlin before working as a Visiting Fellow with the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, SWP) in Berlin. He is on the editorial board of the African Security Review, a deputy director of l’Observatoire de l’Afrique and a guest-lecturer at the Political Science Department of Rhodes University in Grahamstown (South-Africa).