In his 36 years with the Department of Foreign Affairs, John Schram has focused on Africa: he served in Nigeria and London, then worked actively in the South African struggle against apartheid and the transition to democracy. He was Director for Eastern and Southern Africa during the first South African elections and Canada’s participation in the Somalia UNITAF operation. From 1994 through 1998, he was high commissioner to Ghana and Sierra Leone and ambassador to Togo and Liberia; He was Canada’s ambassador to Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan and the Organization of African Unity from 1998 to 2002; and ambassador to Zimbabwe, Angola and Botswana from 2002 to 2005. He holds a law degree from the University of Toronto, and an M.A in African Studies and honorary LLD from the University of Ghana. He is a Distinguished Senior Fellow with the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University, and a Senior Fellow with the Queen’s Centre for International Relations at Queen’s University in Kingston. He teaches graduate development and public policy seminars at Norman Paterson and at Queen’s and writes and comments on African Issues, contributing a chapter on Canada and Africa to the 2009-2010 edition of the CIGI/NPSIA annual publication Canada Among Nations, and major articles on Canada and South Africa, and Africa and Ghana since independence, to The Walrus Magazine.