Anneli Botha is a senior researcher on terrorism at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) in Pretoria since 2003. After completing an honours degree in International Politics she joined the South African Police Service, Crime Intelligence in 1993 during which she inter alia focussed on terrorism and religious extremism. She holds a MA (Political Studies) degree at the Rand-Afrikaans University obtained in 1999 that focussed on the historical development of terrorism, religious extremism and PAGAD. She has a specific interest in research on the underlying causes of terrorism, radicalization and counter-terrorism strategies. Her publications include: Terrorism in the Maghreb: Transnationalization of Domestic Terrorism (ISS monograph 144, 2008); Politics and Terrorism: An assessment of the origin and threat of terrorism in Egypt, ISS Paper 131, December 2006; African commitments to combating Organized Crime and Terrorism: A Review of Eight NEPAD Countries (2004, African Human Security Initiative; Political Dissent and Terrorism in Southern Africa, ISS Paper 90, August 2004; An Assessment of Terrorism Counter-measures Adopted by the African Union: Problems and Prospects for Enhanced Counterterrorism Cooperation, Paper for the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, DC. She also contributed a chapter titled The Role of the Community in Combating Terrorism in Countering Terrorism and WMD: Creating a Global Counter Terrorism Network, edited by Peter Katona, Michael D Intriligator and Jon P Sullivan. Routledge: London, 2006. Anneli also participated in the US State Department sponsored International Global Conflict Cooperation Program (IGCC) on National Security in San Diego, California.