Victor Shale works for the Electoral Institute for the Sustainability of Democracy in Africa (EISA), in Johannesburg, South Africa, as a Senior Program Officer.  He is responsible for EISA’s political parties program. Mr. Shale is a conflict management expert versed in conflict management, negotiations and mediation approaches and second-track diplomacy. He has trained political parties in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, South Africa, Swaziland, Sudan, Zanzibar and Uganda. He has researched, reviewed book chapters and accredited journal articles, and written journal articles and book chapters on various issues including democracy, political parties, diplomacy, conflict management and local government. His latest work includes co-editing a book When elephants Fight: Preventing and Resolving Election-related Conflicts in Africa foreworded by Former President Festus Mogae of Botswana. He has also written a chapter in the newly released book (DIS) Enabling the Public Sphere: Civil Society Regulation in Africa foreworded by Graca Machel. Shale has been commissioned as a resource person/trainer and has written training manuals for a number of organizations on political parties and conflict management and local government.



Library Articles

The update provides relevant information around the electoral process and in that way promotes political dialogue among key actors, including civil society organisations, political parties, the election management body and monitors and observers. The overall goal of the Election Update project is t...
This manual is meant to facilitate a tailor-made training workshop for political parties in Namibia in their efforts to better understand and appreciate the provisions of the electoral law. It is also meant to assist in unpacking and understanding a ‘code of conduct’ and the process of poll watc...
This handbook is intended to provide information about political parties. It aims to enhance political parties’ knowledge and skills on how to participate effectively in the democratisation process. This handbook therefore contains comprehensive and valuable information pertaining to political par...
This report is a study on Botswana’s political parties and their relations. Specifically, it seeks to examine inter-party relations in order to assess the prospects for opposition party cooperation that could enhance competition for the governing mandate. The background to this study is that aft...
The study seeks to examine whether or not political parties have public outreach programmes and how they develop and implement these programmes. The study also seeks to assess the impact of such public outreach programmes, where these exist, on sustaining democracy in the selected countries. The col...

  • Conflict Management

  • Political Parties

  • Elections

  • Local Government