With climate change constraining agricultural productivity in Northern Ghana, adaptation policies could better incorporate sources of indigenous knowledge to ensure programs are cost-effective, participatory and sustainable.
Contrary to the belief that democratic elections promote greater inclusion, Kenya’s increasingly competitive political system has also been a source of exclusion for groups perceived not to ‘belong’ to certain areas.
Madagascar is hit by an average of 3 to 4 cyclones per year — among the highest rates in Africa. These violent storms compromise the country’s already-tenuous food security and economic growth, while the country’s 2009 political crisis stalled policies to mitigate the impact of cyclones and other natural disasters.
Since the 1950s, conflicts between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda have resulted in large flows of forced migration throughout East Africa. Understanding differences among Rwandan refugees groups, however, is essential for developing effective management, integration and repatriation strategies.
Though many African countries have been challenged by the ‘resource curse,’ Ghana’s history of good governance and strong institutions are signals it can effectively manage newfound oil reserves. Stakeholders still need to do more, however, to ensure the remaining gaps surrounding resources management are addressed.
The Africa Initiative research program aims to inform policy
making in Africa by supporting new and innovative field-based
research on issues critical to the continent.
The Africa Initiative exchange program is building capacity by
supporting short-term academic placements for African and Canadian
graduate students undertaking research on Africa.